REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 56
(a) According to Rebbi Meir in a Beraisa, it is a Sitton (Chaver)
exclusively who is permitted to sell to Chaverim without separating Ma'asros
What is a Sitton?
(b) Why does Rebbi Meir allow him this concession?
(c) And why does he distinguish between a Sitton and a Balabos who purchases
from Amei ha'Aretz and sells wholesale? Why should the concession not extend
(d) What do the Chachamim say?
(a) What is the Shiur of 'Midah Gasah', that defines Sittoni'us?
(b) What have we proved from this Beraisa?
(a) What does Rebbi Meir say in a Beraisa about someone who purchases hot
loaves and loaves that already cooled down from a baker?
(b) What does the Tana say regarding loaves that are of various shapes?
(c) There is no problem with Ma'asering a cold loaf to cover hot ones, due
to statement of Rebbi Ilai.
What did Rebbi Ilai learn from the Pasuk in
Korach "ve'Lo Sis'u Alav Chet, be'Harimchem es Chelbo Mimenu"?
(d) Ravina has a problem with Rebbi Meir permitting the Ma'asering of one
shape loaf to cover another, because maybe the Nachtom (the retail bakery)
purchased his wares from different bakers, some of whom Ma'asered, and some
of whom didn't.
What would be the problem if he were to separate ...
- ... min ha'Chiyuv al ha'P'tur?
- ... min ha'P'tur al ha'Chiyuv?
(a) Abaye will deal with Ravina's problem after he has reviewed the entire
Sugya. He justifies Rebbi Elazar's asking how it is that the Chachamim
decreed the same stringency on T'rumas Ma'aser shel D'mai as the Torah
decreed on T'rumas Ma'aser.
What problem does he have with ...
(b) And what does Abaye say about Rav Yosef, who answers Rav Sheishes Kashya
by differentiating between Pidyon and Achilah?
- ... Shmuel, who established our Mishnah like Rebbi Meir, because we have seen that is stringent by Gitin?
- ... Rav Sheishes, who then asked from Pidyon Ma'aser Sheini, where Rebbi Meir is lenient?
(a) Concerning Ravina's Kashya from a Nachtom (where Rebbi Meir is lenient),
Abaye says that he should rather have cited the Mishnah in D'mai concerning
What is a Palter?
(b) What does Rebbi Meir say there about a Palter?
(c) How will we then answer Ravina's Kashya from a Nachtom? Why is a Nachtom
different than a Palter?
(d) In which point does Rava disagree with Abaye?
(a) Our Mishnah lists three things, besides Hekdesh, that are not subject to
What are they?
(b) What are the two possible meanings of Hekdesh in this regard?
(c) What else, besides Tashlumei Kefel of a Ganav, are these four things not
(d) Why does the Tana need to mention that these four things are not subject
to Arba'ah va'Chamishah, seeing as Arba'ah ve'Chamishah are confined to an
ox and a lamb?
(a) What does the Tana say about ...
Answers to questions
(b) Rebbi Shimon disagrees with the Tana Kama's statement precluding all
Kodshim from Ona'ah.
- ... a Shomer Chinam?
- ... a Shomer Sachar?
Which Kodshim does he include? What does he mean by
(c) And which Kodshim does he concede to the Tana Kama?
(d) Rebbi Yehudah lists three things that are not subject to Ona'ah. One of
them is a Seifer-Torah.
What are the other two?
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah derives the four things in our Mishnah from the
Pasuk in Behar "ve'Chi Simkeru Mimkar la'Amisecha, O Kanoh mi'Yad Amisecha,
Lo Sonu ... '.
What does he learn from ...
(b) From where does the Tana learn that Avadim are not subject to Ona'ah?
- ... "mi'Yad"?
- ... "Mimkar"?
- ... "Al Tonu Ish es *Achiv*?
(c) How is it sometimes possible for Sh'taros to be subject to Ona'ah?
(d) Why did the Chachamim deem it necessary to teach us this? Why is it not
(a) What does Rabah bar Mamal asks from the Pasuk in Chukas "va'Yikach es
Kol Artzo *mi'Yado*"?
(b) We counter that by citing two other Pesukim.
What do we learn from the
(c) What do we now learn from these Pesukim?
- ... in Mishpatim (in connection with paying Kefel) "Im *Himatzei Simatzei* be'Yado ha'Geneivah"?
- ... in Ki Seitzei (in connection with a Get) "*ve'Nasan* be'Yadah"?
(d) Then how will we answer Rabah bar Mamal's Kashya? Why is "va'Yikach es
Kol Artzo mi'Yado" not a proof that 'Yad' is not literal?
(a) Rebbi Zeira asks whether Sechirus is subject to Ona'ah or not.
the basis of his She'eilah?
(b) How does Abaye resolve it?
(a) Rava asked whether planted wheat is subject to Ona'ah.
What is the
basis of his She'eilah? At which stage is Rava speaking, before the seeds
have taken root or afterwards?
(b) The She'eilah cannot pertain to a case where the seller claims to have
planted six Sa'ah, whereas witnesses testify that he planted only five,
because of another statement of Rava.
What did Rava say about 'Kol Davar
she'be'Midah, ve'she'be'Mishkal ve'she'be'Minyan'?
(c) Then what is the case of Rava's She'eilah of Ona'ah regarding the seeds?
(d) Rava also asks whether the Din Shevu'ah applies to planted seeds.
is the case there?
(a) And finally, he asks whether the Omer (which was brought on the
sixteenth of Nissan) would permit planted seeds or not.
Answers to questions
Why can he not be
referring to Gidulin? What are Gidulin?
(b) So what is he referring to?
(c) Then what is the She'eilah? Why might the seeds be ...
(d) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?
- ... permitted?
- ... forbidden?