REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 61
BAVA METZIA 61,63,64,65 - Mrs. Estanne Abraham-Fawer has dedicated two weeks
of Dafyomi study material to honor the second Yahrzeit of her father, Reb
Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Weiner, who passed away 18 Teves 5761). May the
merit of supporting and advancing the study of the Talmud be l'Iluy
(a) From where does the Tana finally learn that the La'av of Ribis pertains
to money regarding to the creditor too (since this is now the only remaining
case not to emerge directly from the Pesukim)?
(b) And what do we learn from "Ribis Kol Davar Asher Yishach"?
(a) Ravina disagrees with the previous D'rashah. According to him, all
computations are written explicitly in the Pasuk by the creditor too. How
does he Darshen the Pasuk in Behar "es Kaspecha Lo Siten Lo be'Neshech
u've'Marbis Lo Siten Ochlecha"?
(b) What pushes him to learn that way?
(c) But how can Ravina argue with a Beraisa? According to him, why does the
Tana cite the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Neshech" "Neshech"?
(d) What *does * the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' come to teach us?
(a) Rava discusses the three La'avin that concern depriving someone of his
What are they?
(b) Why would it not have sufficed for the Torah to write just one of them?
Why could we not learn the other two ...
(c) Then why could the Torah not at least have dispensed with one of them?
- ... from Ribis?
- ... from Gezel?
- ... from Ona'ah?
Why could we not learn ...
- ... Ribis from Gezel and Ona'ah?
- ... Ona'ah from Ribis and Gezel?
(a) We conclude that we could in fact, learn Gezel from Ribis and Ona'ah.
Then why did the Torah find it necessary to write "Lo Sa'ashok es Re'acha
Answers to questions
(b) How do we know that the Pasuk comes to teach us that? Perhaps "Lo
Sigzol" comes to add a La'av to Ribis or Ona'ah?
(c) And why does the Torah need to write the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Lo Tignovu"?
Why can we not learn the La'av of Geneivah too, from Ribis and Ona'ah?
(a) Why do we not ask the same Kashya that we just asked on "Lo Tignovu", on
"Lo Tignov" in the Aseres ha'Dibros (why we cannot learn it from Ribis and
(b) We do however, go on to ask why the Torah needs to write a La'av by
weights and measures.
What do we initially attempt to answer?
(c) How do we then establish the La'av after pointing out that dipping one's
weights in salt is pure theft?
(d) The Torah writes in Kedoshim "Lo Sa'asu Avel ba'Midah, ba'Mishkal
u'va'Mesurah". We just ascertained the significance of "ba'Mishkal".
does the Tana interpret ...
- ... "ba'Midah"?
- ... 'ba'Mesurah"?
(a) What fraction of a Lug is 'Mesurah'?
(b) What 'Kal va'Chomer' do we therefore derive from it?
(a) Rava comments that the Torah mentions Yetzi'as Mitzrayim in three
places, two of them, Ribis and Tzitzis.
What is the third?
(b) Yetzi'as Mitzrayim has the same connotation with regard to all three
What is it?
(c) What is now the connection to ...
- ... Ribis?
- ... Tzitzis?
- ... Mishkolos?
(a) Rav Chanina from Sura di'P'ras asked Ravina why the Torah mentions
Yetzi'as Mitzrayim in connection with Sheratzim.
What did he answer?
(b) Rav Chanina however, explained that this was not what bothered him.
(c) Ravina resolved his problem by citing Tana de'Bei de'Rebbi Yishmael.
What does he say?
(d) Does this mean that someone who desists from eating Sheratzim receives a
greater reward than someone who desists from contravening the three previous
(a) We learned in our Mishnah "ve'Eizehu Tarbis, ha'Marbeh be'Peiros ... '.
Does this mean that the Reisha (the case of Neshech) is not Ribis?
(b) What does Rebbi Avahu mean, when he added 'Ad Ka'an Yachin Rasha
(c) Does this come to preclude the Seifa (Ribis de'Rabbanan)?
(d) How does Rebbi Avahu go on to describe ...
- ... Ribis d'Oraysa?
- ... Ribis de'Rabbanan?
(a) What Halachic distinction does Rebbi Elazar make between Ribis Ketzutzah
and Ribis de'Rabbanan?
Answers to questions
(b) What does Rebbi Yochanan say?
(c) Various Amora'im extrapolate Rebbi Yochanan's ruling from different
How does ...
(d) How does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak extrapolate Rebbi Elazar's opinion
from the end of the Pasuk of Ribis in Behar "ve'Chei Achicha Imach"?
- ... Rebbi Yitzchak learn it from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "be'Neshech Nasan ... ve'Chai Lo Yichyeh ... "?
- ... Rav Ada bar Ahavah from the Pasuk in Behar "Al Tikach me'Ito Neshech ve'Sarbis, ve'Yareisa me'Elokecha ... "?
- ... Rava learn it directly from the Pasuk in Yechezkel, which continues "Mos Yumas, Damav Bo Yih'yeh"? To whom is the Pasuk comparing someone who lends on interest?