REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 75
(a) The Tana of our Mishnah forbids borrowing a Kur of wheat to be repaid at
the end of the season, if the owner does not have any wheat.
What does he
nevertheless permit? Why is that?
(b) Under what circumstances does Hillel, in the Seifa, permit a woman to
lend her friend a loaf of bread? Why is that?
(c) With reference to the Reisha of our Mishnah, Rav Huna permits someone
who has one Sa'ah of wheat to borrow one Sa'ah of wheat; two Sa'ah, two
Sa'ah. What does Rebbi Yitzchak say? Why is that?
(d) Rebbi Chiya cites a Beraisa 'Tipas Yayin Ein Lo, Tipas Shemen Ein Lo'
(explaining the reasoning behind the prohibition in the Mishnah).
does this imply? Whose opinion does it prove?
(a) We already cited Hillel, who permits a woman to lend her friend a loaf
of bread - only after converting the loan from wheat into money (because of
the possibility of Ribis).
What do the Chachamim say (in a Beraisa)?
(b) Like whom is the Halachah?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel, a group of people who are fussy
with each other, are bound to transgress 'Midah, Mishkal and Minyan'.
does he mean by that?
(b) Which other Rabbinical decree will they inevitably contravene?
(c) And which additional sin will they be able to add to their list of
achievements, according to Hillel?
(a) At the other end of the scale, what concession does Rav Yehudah Amar
Shmuel allow Talmidei-Chachamim? Why is that?
Answers to questions
(b) Almost as if to prove his point, what did Shmuel say to Avuhah bar Ihi?
(c) What did Shmuel mean when he said 've'Arich'?
(d) On what grounds do we repudiate Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel's statement,
permitting a person to lend his family on interest, to teach them what a
terrible thing it is to have to pay interest)?
(a) Our Mishnah permits Reuven to say to Shimon 'Weed with me today, and I
will weed with you tomorrow', or 'Dig with me today and I will dig with you
What is he not allowed to say?
(b) The Tana says 'All the days of G'rid are considered as one and all the
days of the Revi'ah are considered as one'.
What are the days of ...
(c) What does the Tana mean by this statement?
- ... 'G'rid'?
- ... 'Revi'ah'?
(d) What may Reuven subsequently not say to Shimon in this regard?
(a) Raban Gamliel introduces the concept of Ribis Mukdemes and Ribis
Me'ucheres, and Rebbi Shimon, that of Ribis Devarim.
What is ...
(b) From where does Rebbi Shimon in a Beraisa learn Ribis Devarim?
- ... Ribis Mukdemes?
- ... Ribis Me'ucheres?
- ... Ribis Devarim?
(c) The Tana Kama lists those who transgress the various La'avin connected
Which two other people does he add to the creditor and the
(d) And who do the Chachamim add to his list?
(a) How many La'avin does our Mishnah list all in all?
(b) If the Creditor transgresses all five La'avin, which two La'avin does
the debtor transgress as well?
(c) How does the creditor transgress "Lo Sashich"?
(d) And which La'av do the guarantor and the witnesses transgress?
(a) What does Rebbi Shimon mean when he says that those who lend on interest
lose more than they gain?
(b) What else does he have to say about them? What does he quote them as
(a) What does Rav Dimi learn from the Pasuk "Lo Sih'yeh Lo ke'Nosheh"? What
may a creditor not do?
(b) And what do Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Asi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim
"Hirkavta Enosh le'Rosheinu, Ba'nu ba'Eish u'va'Mayim"? What does
"le'Rosheinu" refer to?
(c) What does Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel say about someone who lends money
without witnesses in attendance?
(d) And what does Resh Lakish learn in this regard from the Pasuk in Tehilim
"Te'alamnah Sifsei Sheker ha'Dovros al Tzadik Asak"?
(a) What praiseworthy characteristic did the people attribute to Ravina?
(b) How did Rav Ashi put him to the test one Erev Shabbos late afternoon?
(c) How did Ravina respond to Rav Ashi's request?
(d) What did Ravina reply when Rav Ashi asked him whether it was really
necessary to look for witnesses even though *he*, Rav Ashi, was the other
(a) A creditor who lends money without witnesses in attendance is one of the
three people who cry out to Hashem in vain when they are in trouble. The
second one is someone who acquires a master for himself.
***** Hadran Alach Eizehu Neshech *****
What is the
(b) One interpretation of 'Koneh Adon le'Atzmo' is someone who (in order to
avoid becoming known as a rich man) claims that his money really belongs to
Why might he later need to cry out to Hashem?
(c) What is an alternative explanation (also to do with finances)?
(d) What is the third explanation of 'Koneh Adon le'Atzmo'?
***** Perek ha'Socher es ha'Umnin *****
(a) What does the Mishnah say about workers who tricked each other?
(b) The Tana also rules that if someone hired a wagon-driver or a potter to
bring Chupah-poles for a wedding or flutes for a funeral dirge, and the
worker left him in the lurch, 'Socher Aleihen O Mata'an'.
'Socher Aleihen' mean?
(c) When do we apply the ruling 'Socher Aleihen O Mata'an'?
(d) Which third example of loss does the Tana add to the wagon-driver and
(a) The Tana rules that a contractor who retracts from a contract has the
Answers to questions
What are the two connotations of this ruling?
(b) And what are the connotations of the ruling that if the hirer retracts,
then *he* has the under hand?
(c) The Mishnah concludes with two principles. One of them is 'Kol
ha'Meshaneh, Yado al ha'Tachtonah'.
What is the other?
(d) What does 'Kol ha'Meshaneh, Yado al ha'Tachtonah' refer to?
(e) What does 'Yado al ha'Tachtonah' in this context mean?