REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Bava Metzia 78
BAVA METZIA 76-79 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the
Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal
(a) What do we say with regard to someone who sells a big field because he
cannot find purchasers for the small field that he was trying to sell, if he
subsequently pesters the purchaser for the money?
(b) What Safek do we have in a similar case, but where we assess that he
could have sold the small field had he exerted himself?
(c) What is the outcome of the She'eilah?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, in a case of Davar ha'Avud, if the
workers retracted, 'Socher Aleihen ... '.
Up to how much does Rav Nachman
permit the employer to hire new workers on their account?
(b) When Rava queried Rav Nachman from the Beraisa that we cited above,
which permits him to pay as much as forty or fifty Zuz, what did he reply?
How did he reconcile his statement with the Beraisa?
(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who hires a donkey to take to
the mountains, and in violation of the agreement, he takes it to the valley,
or vice-versa, and it dies? Does it make any difference if the distances are
(b) The Tana then seems to repeat the same cases, making a distinction
between whether the donkey died from overheating or because it slipped.
When will he be Chayav and when will he be Patur, if he changed and took it
(c) When will he be Chayav for taking the animal into the mountains, even if
it died because of the heat?
- ... to the mountains?
- ... to the valley?
(d) And what does the Tana say about someone who hires a donkey and ...
- ... 'Hivrikah (which will be explained later) O Na'asis Angaryah'? What does 'Na'asis Angaryah' mean?
- ... and it dies?
(a) In view of the Seifa of our Mishnah, which distinguishes between whether
the donkey died from overheating or from slipping, de'Bei Rebbi Yanai
explains the Reisha, which obligates the hirer who violated his agreement
and took the donkey into the mountains or into the valley S'tam, when the
animal died because of the air of either place, to which it was not
accustomed. Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina attributes it to 'Uvtzena'.
Answers to questions
(b) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Reisha and the Seifa constitute a
Machlokes Tana'im. The author of the Reisha, which does not differentiate
between overheating and slipping, is Rebbi Meir.
What does Rebbi Meir say
with regard to someone who deviates from the instructions of the owner?
(c) Rabah gives a fourth answer to the Kashya.
How does he establish both
the Reisha and the Seifa?
We just cited Rebbi Yochanan, who establishes the author of the Reisha of
the Beraisa as Rebbi Meir, who holds that someone who deviates from the
instructions of the owner, is called a Gazlan (and is therefore liable, even
Why might this not refer to the Mishnah in Bava Kama, where
Rebbi Meir says that if a dyer dyes red the wool that he was given to dye
black or vice-versa, he must pay for the wool?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa mean, when he says ...
(b) What does he say about money that is claimed for the poor of a specific
- ... 'Mageves Purim le'Purim'?
- ... 've'Ein Medakdekin be'Davar'?
(c) And what happens to any excess Purim money or food that is left?
(d) Rebbi Eliezer forbids the money for Purim to be used even to purchase a
shoelace for a poor man.
On what condition does he nevertheless permit it?
(a) What does Raban Shimon ben Gamliel hold?
(b) Who is it who quotes Rebbi Eliezer, and what do we try to prove from
(c) On what grounds do we refute this proof, too?
(a) We finally cite Rebbi Meir in another Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Shimon
ben Elazar say in the name of Rebbi Meir about someone who donates a Dinar
to a poor man, stipulating that he buys himself a shirt or a cloak?
(b) How do we know that Rebbi Meir's reason is not to avoid suspicion
falling on the donor that he promised but failed to keep his word?
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'ha'Socher es ha'Chamor ve'Hivrikah, Omer Lo
Harei she'Lecha Lefanecha'. According to some, 've'Hivrikah' means that the
animal lost its sight.
How does Rava translate it?
(b) What did they ask that man who claimed that he saw moths in the king's
(c) Some quote him as having said that he saw them in the silver garments,
and others, in the golden ones.
What is the significance of silver and
(d) Why, according to those who quote him as having replied in the silver
garments, did they put him to death?
(a) Rav qualifies our Mishnah ''O she'Na'asis Angarya, Omer Lo Harei
she'Lecha Lefanecha', restricting it to an Angarya Chozeres.
What is an
(b) What will then be the Din in the case of an Angarya she'Einah Chozeres?
Why is that?
(c) Shmuel makes no distinction between Angarya Chozeres and Angarya
she'Einah Chozeres - but he does draw a distinction between 'be'Derech
Halichasah' and 'La'av be'Derech Halichasah'.
What does 'be'Derech
(d) What is then the reasoning behind the distinction?
(a) What does the Beraisa rule in a case of 'ha'Socher es ha'Chamor ...
(b) On whom does this Beraisa present a problem?
- ... ve'Hivrikah O she'Nishtatsah'?
- ... Meisah O she'Na'asis Angarya'?
(c) Why can we not simply establish the Beraisa when they took the donkey
along the same route that he was going? What does Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar
say in the Seifa?
(d) So how does Shmuel initially reconcile his opinion with the Beraisa?
(a) Alternatively, he can even go one stage further and avoid holding like
an individual opinion.
How could the entire Beraisa go like Shmuel?
(b) In that case, how does the Beraisa 'Meisah O she'Na'asis Angarya Chayav
Le'ha'amid Lo Chamor Acher' continue?
(a) What is the problem with establishing the Beraisa like Rebbi Shimon ben
Elazar? What does he rule in another Beraisa in a case of 'ha'Socher es
ha'Chamor Li'rekov Alav, ve'Hivrikah O she'Nishtatsah' that clashes with the
Reisha of the current Beraisa?
Answers to questions
(b) How does Rabah bar Rav Huna resolve this problem?
(c) What does Rav Papa say about glass vessels?