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Previous daf Chagigah 9
CHAGIGAH 9 & 10 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
1) [line 4] MI SHE'LO CHAG - any person who did not bring a Korban Chagigah
2) [line 7] "ME'UVAS LO YUCHAL LISKON; V'CHESRON LO YUCHAL L'HIMANOS." - "A
twisted thing cannot be made straight; and that which is missing can not be
counted." (Koheles 1:15)
3a) [line 16] "ATZERES" - "Six days you shall eat unleavened bread; and on
the seventh day shall be *a solemn assembly* to HaSh-m; you shall do no work
in it." (Devarim 16:8)
b) [line 17] "ATZERES" - "Seven days you shall offer an offering made by
fire to HaSh-m; on the eighth day you shall make a holy gathering; and you
shall offer an offering made by fire to HaSh-m; it is *a solemn assembly*;
and you shall do no labor in it." (Vayikra 23:36)
4) [line 18] "ATZERES" - the word "Atzeres" is free (i.e. it is not necessary
for the understanding of the simple meaning of the verse or for any other
Derashah, so it may be used to infer a Gezerah Shavah)
5) [line 21] LAI, AFNUYEI MUFNEH - indeed, the word "Atzeres" is certainly
free (for inferring a Gezerah Shavah)
6) [line 37] NISPASHET - he was cured
7) [line 41] NITMA BA'YOM (KORBAN NAZIR TAMEI)
(a) If a person makes a vow to become a Nazir without stipulating a time
period, his Nezirus lasts for a period of thirty days, as our Gemara shows
from the verses. During this period, the Nazir is not allowed to 1. cut his
hair; 2. become Tamei by touching or being in the same room as a corpse; or
3. consume any products of the grapevine.
(b) If a Nazir becomes Tamei through contact with or being in the same room
as a corpse, on the third and seventh days he must be sprinkled with water
that has the ashes of the Parah Adumah in it to become Tahor. On the seventh
day of his purification he shaves off the hair of his head. On the eighth
day, he brings the sacrifices of a Nazir who becomes Tamei and begins
counting his Nazirite days anew. The sacrifices he brings are two turtledoves
(Tor) or two young common doves (Yonah), one as a Chatas and one as an Olah.
He must also bring a yearling sheep as an Asham. He may then start counting
his Nazirite days anew. These Korbanos and this shaving are in addition to
the Korbanos and shaving of every Nazir upon the completion of his Nezirus.
(c) If a Nazir becomes Tamei Mes, and on the eighth day of his purification
becomes Tamei a second time, he must bring a second set of Korbanos for the
second state of Tum'ah. Becoming Tamei again on any of the seven days of his
purification does not require another set of Korbanos. He merely waits to
bring his Korbanos until eight days have passed since the last time that he
becomes Tamei. Our Gemara discusses the case where he becomes Tamei the
second time on the *night* of the eighth day (the night that follows the
seventh day). Chizkiyah and Rebbi Yochanan argue as to whether he brings only
one or two Korbanos.
(d) When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three
sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram as
a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of Soles
(fine flour) which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos (unleavened
loaves) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). He then shaves his hair and burns it
under the pot in which the Shelamim is cooked (Bamidbar 6:18). (Sefer
8) [line 44] PESACH SHENI
If the Kohanim, the Klei Shares, or the majority of the Jewish people are
Tamei Mes on the 14th day of Nisan, the Korban Pesach is brought b'Tum'ah.
Otherwise, those who are Tahor bring it b'Taharah on the 14the of Nisan,
while those individuals who are Tamei bring their Korban the following month
on Pesach Sheni (the 14th day of Iyar) and eat it the following evening.
9) [line 3] LAILAH EINO MECHUSAR ZEMAN
(a) The Torah sets specific times to do some of the Avodos of the Korbanos.
For example, the Lechem ha'Panim (see Background to Yoma 24:9a) must be
placed on the Golden Table in the Beis ha'Mikdash specifically on Shabbos,
etc. If these Korbanos were offered before their appointed times, they do not
become sanctified since they are "Mechuserei Zeman," i.e. they need to have
had more time elapse before they should have been brought.
(b) Similarly, the slaughter and offering of all Korbanos, as well as the
Kemitzah of the Korban Minchah (see Background to Yoma 29:9) is only Kosher
during the daytime, and not at night. If a Kohen slaughters an animal or does
Melikah on a bird (see Background to Yoma 29:8) at night, it is likewise
considered Mechusar Zeman, and is Pasul. It follows, therefore, that the
Tum'ah of the Nazir on the night of the eighth day of his purification should
not require another set of Korbanos.
(c) However, according to the opinion that holds that Lailah Eino Mechusar
Zeman (nighttime does not invalidate a Korban with regard to the Pesul of
Mechusar Zeman), if the appointed time of the Korban is during the daytime,
the previous night *is* called "Zemano," to the extent that the Avodah
*becomes sanctified* as if it were performed during the day. Similarly, the
Tum'ah of the Nazir who becomes Tamei on the night of the eighth day of his
purification will require another set of Korbanos. With regard to whether the
specific Avodah is Kesheirah or Pesulah, however, it is Pesulah, since the
Avodah was done at night and not during the day.
10) [line 5] RA'AH ACHAS BA'LAILAH (ZAV)
(a) A Zav, a man who emits Zov two or three times (see Background to Pesachim
66:16 for a discussion of the Tum'ah of the Zav), whether it is emitted in
one day or in two or three consecutive days, is an Av ha'Tum'ah. Zov is a
clear discharge with the appearance of the white of a sterile or spoiled egg,
in contrast with semen, which has the consistency of fresh egg white. Zov can
also be a pus-like discharge resembling the liquid from barley dough or soft
(b) A man who emits a discharge that may be Zov is "checked " to determine
whether or not he becomes a Zav. If the discharge came about b'Ones (due to
an external cause), he is Tahor. Some examples of Ones are: 1. eating too
much; 2. drinking too much; 3. jumping; 4. being sick; etc. (see Zavim 2:2).
(c) A Zav must count seven "clean" days in which he sees no Zov in order to
start his purification process, as it states in Vayikra 15:13. On the seventh
day or afterwards, he must immerse in a spring during the day. At nightfall
he becomes Tahor, if he did not emit Zov again beforehand (ibid.).
(d) If a Zav emits Zov only two times, he does not bring a Korban. If he
emitted Zov three times, whether it is emitted in one day or in two or three
consecutive days, he has to bring a Korban after he becomes Tahor in order to
enter the Beis ha'Mikdash and to eat Kodshim and Terumah.
12) [line 12] SALKA DA'ATACH AMINA K'ASKAFTA D'RAV SHISHA BREI D'RAV IDI; KA
MASHMA LAN KED'RAV YOSEF - According to Rebbi Yochanan we combine one Re'iyah
of the night and two Re'iyos of the day to make a Zav bring a second Korban.
In Kerisus 8a, Rav Yosef brings a proof that this is an obvious statement
from the fact that in general, the first emission of a Zav is no more severe
than an emission of Shichvas Zera (which makes a person Tamei for only that
day). However, this Re'iyah combines with the later two Re'iyos to make him
bring a Korban. Rav Shisa (Sheshes in Kerisus 8a) brei d'Rav Idi states that
Rebbi Yochanan's statement is not obvious, and is not comparable to the
general case of the first Re'iyah of a Zav. The first Re'iyah of a Zav is
seen at a time when a Zav may become obligated to bring a Korban should he
see Zov three times. In the case of Rebbi Yochanan, even if the Zav saw three
Re'iyos on the night following the seventh day, he would not bring second
Korban, since they would be considered a continuation of the previous Zivah.
Our Gemara and the Gemara in Kerisus conclude that Rebbi Yochanan made his
statement specifically according to the opinion that rules "Lailah Eino
Mechusar Zeman" in order to prove that we accept the opinion of Rav Yosef,
and not of Rav Shisha brei d'Rav Idi.
13) [line 17] SHE'MINUHU CHAVEIRAV LI'DVAR MITZVAH - his friends counted him
together with them to do a Mitzvah
14) [line 31] SHUK SHEL CHAMARIN - the marketplace of the donkey-drivers,
where donkeys are hired
15) [line 34] "HINEH TZERAFTICHA..." - "Behold, I have refined you, but not
in [the way that] silver [is refined -- with fire]; I have chosen for you the
furnace of poverty (lit. affliction)." (Yeshayah 48:10)
16a) [line 37] YA'EH ANIYUSA L'YHUDA'EI - poverty is beneficial for the Jews
b) [line 37] KI BARZA SUMKA L'SUSYA CHIVRA - like a red strap for a white