POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
prepared by Rabbi Yisrael Shaw
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Chagigah 25
CHAGIGAH 23, 24, 25 - have been sponsored by a grant from a benevolent
foundation based in Yerushalayim, that is dedicated to spreading awareness
of Torah and Judaism.
1) IN YEHUDAH, AN AM HA'ARETZ IS TRUSTED
(a) Question: Why is he trusted only in Yehudah, and not in Galil?
2) FOR TERUMAH, AN AM HA'ARETZ IS TRUSTED ON THE TAHARAH OF WINE AND
OIL ONLY DURING THEIR PRODUCTION SEASONS
(b) Answer: Not even a Chaver is trusted from Galil, because there
is a strip of foreign land separating Galil from Yehudah.
1. The Chachamim decreed Tum'ah on foreign land.
2. Question: Let them bring the wine and oil in a closed chest
carried above the ground?
3. Answer: The Mishnah is the view of Rebbi, who maintains
that such an airborne enclosure does not separate from
4. Question: Let them bring it in a tightly sealed vessel?
5. Answer: A tightly sealed vessel does not protect Kodesh
6. Question: But did not Ula say that the Chaverim in Galil
are Metaher their wine and oil for the Mizbe'ach?
7. Answer: Leave them, for when Eliyahu comes, perhaps he
will be Metaher them (by revealing that there is a path of
Jewish land through the strip of foreign land).
(a) Question: A Beraisa says that an Am ha'Aretz is *not* trusted
on the Taharah of his oil during its production season!
3) THE KOHEN MAY NOT ACCEPT BARRELS OF TERUMAH WINE OR OIL THAT WERE
BROUGHT BY AN HA'ARETZ AFTER THE PRODUCTION SEASONS HAD PASSED
1. (Beraisa) One who completes the production of his olives
must leave one basket (not processed into oil) and show it
to the Kohen (so that the Kohen sees that it did not become
fit to be Mekabel Tum'ah).
(b) Answer #1 (R. Nachman): The Beraisa is referring to late olives,
which ripened after the production season had passed.
(c) Answer #2 (R. Yosef): The Beraisa is referring to olives brought
from Galil, and that is why the Am ha'Aretz is not trusted.
(d) Refutation (Abaye): Another Beraisa states clearly that Trans-
jordan and Galil have the same status as Yehudah, and Amei
ha'Aretz are trusted on the Taharah of their wine and oil during
the production seasons!
(e) Rather, R. Nachman's answer is the correct answer.
(a) Question: If the Kohen transgressed and accepted the wine or oil
from the Am ha'Aretz, may the Kohen leave it until the next
season and then use it?
(b) Answer: The Mishnah (Demai 6:9) teaches that a Kohen who is a
Chaver must destroy the Terumah items that he inherited from
his father who was an Am ha'Aretz.
4) IF THE AM HA'ARETZ SAYS THAT HE DESIGNATED SOME WINE IN THE BARREL FOR
KODESH, HE IS TRUSTED EVEN FOR THE TERUMAH
1. This implies that he may not leave them until the next
season, nor until the festival, when the Terumah items of
Amei ha'Aretz are considered Tahor.
(c) Refutation: That Mishnah is referring to items that have no
production season (but are produced throughout the year), and
to items that will not last until the festival, and thus cannot
be left until then (but perhaps in our case, the Kohen may leave
the wine or oil until the next season).
(a) (Mishnah, Ohalos 18:4) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel agree that a
Beis ha'Pras may be checked for the sake of bringing the Korban
Pesach, but not for the sake of eating Terumah.
5) JUGS OF WINE AND OIL OF AN AM HA'ARETZ
1. (Shmuel) This means that one may walk through a Beis ha'Pras
by blowing the ground in front of him (to move away any
remains of a corpse so that he not become Tamei by
inadvertently carrying it with is foot).
(b) Question: If the Beis ha'Pras was checked by someone going to
offer the Korban Pesach, may he also eat Terumah after walking
2. (Ula) This means that one checks to see if the Beis ha'Pras
was trampled by other people, and if so he may go through it.
3. The reason is because the Chachamim did not enforce their
enactment (that a Beis ha'Pras is Tamei) in the place of
Kares (permitting those who need to bring the Korban Pesach
to go through a Beis ha'Pras without becoming Tamei).
4. And they did enforce it in the place of Misah (making those
people who eat Terumah become Tamei when they pass through a
Beis ha'Pras, in order to prevent them from being Chayav
Misah if they actually carried a bone).
(c) Answer #1 (Ula): It is permitted.
(d) Answer #2 (Rabah b. Ula): It is prohibited.
(e) (Refutation): Do not argue with Ula, for our Mishnah supports
1. The Mishnah says that since the Am ha'Aretz is trusted
regarding the Taharah of the Kodesh mixed in the barrel,
he is also trusted with regard to the Terumah.
2. Likewise, since one who walks through a Beis ha'Pras is
Tahor for the Korban Pesach, he is also Tahor for Terumah.
(a) (Beraisa) Amei ha'Aretz are not trusted on the Taharah of
jugs, nor on Terumah.
6) SEVENTY DAYS BEFORE THE PRODUCTION SEASONS
(b) Question: What sort of jugs?
1. If they are jugs of Kodesh, then since the Am ha'Aretz is
trusted on the Taharah of the Kodesh, he should also be
trusted on the jugs ("Migu")!
(c) Question: How can the Beraisa refer to jugs of Terumah that
presently contain Terumah, and say that the Am ha'Aretz is not
2. But if they are jugs of Terumah, then it is obvious that
they are not trusted!
3. Rather, the jugs are those used for Kodesh which are
presently empty (since there is no longer any Kodesh in
them, the Am ha'Aretz does not guard them from becoming
4. It also refers to jugs used for Terumah, which are presently
full, during the production season (the Am ha'Aretz is
trusted regarding the Taharah of the Terumah, but not of the
jugs containing the Terumah).
1. The Mishnah states that the Am ha'Aretz *is* trusted!
(d) Answer: The Mishnah means Demai of Kodesh (but if it is Demai of
Terumah, the Am ha'Aretz is *not* believed, as the Beraisa says.)
2. (Mishnah) [An Am ha'Aretz is trusted on the Taharah of his]
jugs of wine and oil that are Demai.
3. This presumably means Demai of Terumah (Terumah and Chulin
1. Demai of Kodesh means that he designated some of the wine in
the jug to be Kodesh, and it is mixed with the rest of the
wine which is Terumah and Chulin. (Since he is trusted for
the Kodesh, he is also trusted for the Terumah and the jugs.)
(a) (Abaye) From here we learn a Halachah: the worker goes up to
deal with preparing the jugs seventy days before the winepress.
7) MISHNAH: BUYING TAHOR VESSELS FROM AN AM HA'ARETZ
(a) From Modi'im and inward (toward Yerushalayim), they are trusted
on the Taharah of earthenware vessels.
8) THE STATUS OF MODI'IM ITSELF
(b) From Modi'im and outward, they are not trusted.
(c) Only the potter who comes within Modi'im selling only the pots
that he himself brought, is trusted, and only for the person who
buys the pots directly from him.
(d) If the potter went outside of Modi'im, he is no longer trusted.
(a) (Beraisa) Sometimes Modi'im is like inside of Modi'im (and the
potter is trusted), and sometimes it is like outside of Modi'im
(and the potter is not trusted).
1. When the potter is leaving Modi'im and the Chaver coming in,
Modi'im is like inside.
2. When both the potter and Chaver are coming in, or both are
going out, it is like outside.