REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chagigah 12
CHAGIGAH 12 - has been generously dedicated by Lee and Marsha Weinblatt of
(a) How do we reconcile Rebbi Elazar, who we just saw, learns from a Pasuk
that Adam ha'Rishon was as tall as from the earth till the heaven, with Rav
Yehudah Amar Rav, who learns from another Pasuk that Adam was as tall as
from one end of the heaven to the other?
(b) Rav Yehudah Amar Rav lists ten things that were created on the first day
of the creation. Hashem created heaven and earth, Tohu and Vohu, light and
What are the remaining four?
(c) 'Tohu' was a green line that encircled the earth, and 'Vohu', the wet
stones that were sunk into the bowels of the earth.
What was created from
- ... 'Kav Tohu'?
- ... 'Avnei Vohu'?
(a) We reconcile Rav Yehudah's statement (that light was created on the
*first* day) with the Pasuk, which explicitly states that the luminaries
were created on the *fourth*, with Rebbi Elazar's statement.
Rebbi Elazar say? How does he interpret the Pasuk in Bereishis "va'Yar
Elokim es ha'Or Ki *Tov*"?
(b) Rebbi Elazar concurs with Rebbi Ya'akov in the Beraisa.
How do the
Rabbanan of Rebbi Ya'akov reconcile the Pasuk which says that light was
created on the *first* day, with the Pasuk which says that the luminaries
were created on the *fourth*?
(c) Hashem created the world with ten forces (which presumably match the ten
creations mentioned above. In any case, they certainly correspond to the ten
Sefiros, and also correspond to what Chazal had in mind when they said that
the world was created with ten commands - see Agados Maharsha). The ten
forces are: Chochmah, Tevunah and Da'as, Ko'ach, Ga'arah (scolding) and
What are the remaining four?
(a) In which connection did Hashem put the Midah of Ga'arah to good use at
the creation of the world.
What has that to do with the Pasuk in
va'Yishlach "Ani Keil *Shakai*, P'rei u'Revei"?
(b) Another occasion is hinted in the Pasuk in Nachum "*Go'er* ba'Yam
va'Yavsheihu, ve'Chol ha'Naharos Hechriv".
(a) Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue over whether the heaven was created
first and then the earth, or vice-versa.
What do ...
(b) What do ...
- ... Beis Shamai prove from the Pasuk in Bereishis "Bereishis Bara Elokim ... "?
- ... Beis Hillel prove from the Pasuk in Bereishis "be'Yom Asos Hashem Elokim ... "?
(c) The Chachamim are of a third opinion.
- ... Beis Hillel ask Beis Shamai from the Pasuk in Amos "ha'Boneh ba'Shamayim Ma'alosav, va'Agudaso al Eretz Yesadah"?
- ... Beis Shamai retort from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Koh Amar Hashem, ha'Shamayim Kis'i, ve'ha'Aretz Hadom Raglai"?
What do they maintain, based on
the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Af Yadi Yasdah Aretz vi'Yemini Tipchah Shamayim,
Korei Ani Aleihem *Ya'amdu Yachdav*"?
(d) How do Beis Hillel and Beis Shamai interpret "Ya'amdu Yachdav"?
(a) In any case, the Pesukim quoted by Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel appear to
contradict each other, because, the Heaven and the earth cannot both have
been created first.
Answers to questions
How does Resh Lakish resolve this apparent
(b) "Shamayim" is an acronym. According to Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina it
stands for 'Sham Mayim'.
What does the Tana of the Beraisa say?
(c) How did Rebbi Akiva in the name of Nachum Ish Gamzu explain the word
"es" in the first Pasuk in the Torah to Rebbi Yishmael? How would we have
explained the Pasuk had the Torah omitted ...
(d) Seeing as the opening Pasuk mentions the heaven first, why does the
Torah go on to discuss the earthly creations first? What Mashal do we cite
from Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael?
- ... both "es ha" in "*es ha*'Shamayim ve'*es ha*'Aretz"?
- ... the second "es" in "ve'*es ha*'Aretz" only?
(a) According to Rebbi Yossi in a Beraisa, of what significance is the
sequence: earth, pillars, water, mountains, winds and storm-wind?
(b) What supports the storm-wind?
(c) The Rabbanan disagree with Rebbi Yossi.
What do they learn from the
(d) Rebbi Elazar ben Shamua has a fourth opinion.
- ... "Yatzeiv Gevulos Amim le'Mispar B'nei Yisrael" (Ha'azinu - according to some)?
- ... "Chatzvah Amudeha Shiv'ah" (Mishlei - according to others)?
What does he learn from
the Pasuk "ve'Tzadik Yesod Olam" (ibid.)?
(a) According to Rav Yehudah, there are *two* heavens. What is his source
(b) According to Resh Lakish, there are *seven*: Vilon, Raki'a, Shechakim,
Z'vul, Ma'on and Machon.
What is the name of the seventh?
(c) Vilon appears each morning and disappears each evening, but plays no
positive role in the running of the world. The only other heaven with which
we have visual contact is Raki'a.
What is its function?
(d) What role does Shechakim (whose root is 'li'Sh'chok' - to grind) play?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Melachim 1 "Banoh Banisi Beis Z'vul
Lach"? What happens there?
(b) Ma'on houses many groups of angels.
What do they do there?
(c) Why are they silent by day?
(d) We learn this from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yomam Yetzaveh Hashem Chasdo,
u'va'Laylah Shiro Imi".
What else does Resh Lakish learn from that Pasuk?
(a) What does Rebbi Levi say about someone who stops learning Torah to talk
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Hashkifah mi'Me'on Kodshecha
(a) We learn from the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Yiftach Hashem Lecha es Otzaro
ha'Tov" that many things are stored in the sixth heaven 'Machon'. In fact,
there are six.
What do they all have in common? What purpose do they
(b) It serves as an attic for bad dew and bowls of rain-water.
*store-houses* are kept there?
(c) Storm-winds are kept there too.
What kind of door shuts off the cave
of thick smoke?
(d) How does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav reconcile the above with the Pasuk in
Tehilim that we recite each morning "Halelu es Hashem min ha'Aretz ... Eish
u'Varad, Sheleg ve'Kitor Ru'ach Se'arah Osah Devaro", implying that some of
the above list are stored here on earth?
(a) Arvos, a storehouse containing numerous treasures, is the most
multi-purpose of all the heavens. It contains righteousness, justice,
charity and stores of life, of peace and of blessing.
How do we reconcile the Pasuk which describes the darkness that surrounds
Hashem, with the Pasuk in Daniel which specifically writes " ... Yada Mah
ba'Chashochah, u'Nehora Imei Shari", implying that there is no darkness with
what else does it
contain based on the Pasuk ...
(b) The Ofanim, Serafim and Chayos ha'Kodesh all reside in Arvos.
- ... "ve'Haysah Nefesh Adoni Tzerurah bi'Tz'ror ha'Chayim es Hashem Elokecha" (Shmuel 1)?
- ... "Ki Ru'ach mi'Lefanai Ya'atof, u'Neshamos Asher Asisi" (Yeshayah)?
- ... "Geshem Nedavos Tanif Elokim ... Ata Konantah"?
is to be found there?
(c) The Kisei ha'Kavod of the Living G-d dwells above them all.
still in Arvos or above it? How many layers of cloud surround Him?
(d) We learn this from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Solu le'Rochev ba'Aravos
What do we learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Rochev"
"Rochev" from the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Brachah "Rochev Shamayim be'Ezrecha"?
Answers to questions