REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chagigah 16
CHAGIGAH 16 - Dedicated by the Fogel family (California) as a Zechus towards
the Refu'ah Shelemah of Chava Rivka Bas Hendal Falck.
(a) What does Rabah bar bar Chanah Amar Rebbi Yochanan learn from the Pasuk
in ve'Zos ha'Berachah "ve'Asah me'Rivevos Kodesh" (and Rebbi Avahu from the
Pasuk in Shir ha'Shirim "Dagul me'Revavah", and Resh Lakish from the Pasuk
in Yeshayah "Hashem Tzevakos Hu")?
(b) The Pasuk in Melachim 1 writes "Lo be'Ru'ach Hashem ... Lo be'Ra'ash
Hashem ... Lo be'Eish Hashem".
Then where *was* Hashem?
(c) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan, how did Rebbi
Akiva learn from there not to sin?
(a) The Sheidim (demons) have wings like angels, can fly from one end of the
world to the other like angels (see Agados Maharsha), and they hear from
behind the heavenly curtain what is going to happen like angels.
three respects do they resemble human beings?
(b) Human beings have knowledge like angels, they walk upright like angels
and they speak (Lashon ha'Kodesh - see Agados Maharsha) like angels.
which three respects do they resemble animals?
(a) What Mashal do Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar give to answer the Kashya
'What is wrong with questioning what happened before the world was created,
seeing as that is over and done with?
(b) We learned in our Mishnah that anyone who does not have respect for the
Kavod of Hashem would have been better not to have been born. Rav Yosef
interprets this to mean that one should not perform a sin in private. How
does Rebbi Aba (Rabah) explain it?
(a) In light of Rav Yosef, who just explained that not having respect for
the Kavod of Hashem refers to someone who performs a sin in private, how do
we explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Koh Amar Hashem, ha'Shamayim Kis'i,
ve'ha'Aretz Hadom Raglai"?
(b) What does Rav Ila'a ha'Zakein advise a person to do if he feels that the
Yeitzer ha'Ra is getting the better of him?
(c) How do we reconcile Rav Ila'a ha'Zakein with Rav Yosef?
(a) Rebbi Yehudah Bar Nachmeini (Resh Lakish's translator), lists three
things that cause one's eyes to go dim by looking at them: two of them are a
rainbow and the Nasi.
What is the third?
(b) What is the reason for this?
(c) When does the third case of looking at the Kohanim when they Duchen not
(a) What did Rebbi Yehudah Bar Nachmeini also say about the Yetzer ha'Ra?
When should one not believe his promises?
(b) Some say that it is the stones and the beams of his house that will
testify against him in the Heavenly Court. Who testifies against him
according to the Chachamim, based on the Pasuk in Michah "mi'Shocheves
Cheikecha Shemor Pischei Picha"?
To whom does "Shocheves Cheikecha" refer?
(c) And who testifies against him according to ...
- ... Rebbi Zerika, based on the Pasuk in Tehilim "Ki Malachav Yetzaveh Lach ... "?
- ... Yesh Omrim, based on the Pasuk in Yeshayah "ve'Atem Eidai, Ne'um Hashem va'Ani Keil"?
(a) What was the first Machlokes among the Chachmei Yisrael?
Answers to questions
(b) According to the Tana of our Mishnah (Rebbi Meir), what is the common
factor between ...
(c) Menachem was the Av Beis-Din before Shamai.
- ... Yosef ben Yoezer, Yehoshua ben P'rachya and Yehudah ben Tab'ai, all of whom hold that Semichah was *not* done on Yom-Tov?
- ... Yosef ben Yochanan, Nitai ha'Arbeili and Shimon ben Shetach, who all hold that it *was*?
- ... Sh'mayah and Hillel, who both hold that Semichah *was* done on Yom-Tov?
- ... Avtalyon and Shamai, who both hold that it was *not*?
What was his opinion?
(d) The above is the opinion of Rebbi Meir.
What do the Chachamim say
about Yehudah ben Tabai and Shimon ben Shetach?
(a) Why was Yehudah ben Tabai particularly pleased at having sentenced to
death one Eid Zomem even though the defendant had not yet been put to death?
(b) What did Shimon ben Shetach retort when Yehudah ben Tabai informed him
of what he had done?
(c) How do we learn this from the Pasuk in Ki Seitzei "ve'Hinei Eid Sheker
(d) Does the same apply to an Eid Zomem who testified falsely that the
defendant was Chayav Malkos or Chayav to pay money?
(a) What did Yehudah ben Tabai undertake to do from then on?
(b) Every day, he would lie on the grave of the witness and weep bitterly.
What did the people think?
(c) Yehudah ben Tabai tried to prove that it was *his* voice that they could
hear (and not that of the witness) from the fact that from the moment he
died, the voice stopped.
On what two grounds did Rav Acha Brei de'Rava
refute that proof?
(d) According to the Rabbanan, who maintain that Yehudah ben Tabai was the
Av Beis-Din, what does the Beraisa mean when it says that he undertook not
to issue rulings unless Shimon ben Shetach was present? Since when does an
Av Beis-Din issue rulings in the presence of the Nasi?
(a) According to Abaye, Menachem went out to evil ways.
What does Rava
(b) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, which concurs with Rava, many
pairs of Talmidim went with him.
How many? What were they wearing?
(a) Rebbi Yochanan warns us not to treat a Sh'vus lightly, since the
prohibition of Semichah is only a Sh'vus, yet the Chachamim of many
generations argued over it.
What is his Chidush, considering that we have
already learned in a Mishnah in Beitzah that using an animal on Yom-Tov is
forbidden because of Sh'vus (even when a Mitzvah is involved)? How else
might we have explained the Machlokes?
(b) How can we extrapolate from here that Semichah must be performed with
all one's strength?
(c) The Tana Kama of a Beraisa exempts women from Semichah on their
What is his source for this?
(d) What do Rebbi Yossi and Rebbi Shimon say?
(a) Rebbi Yossi quoting Aba Elazar, related an incident in which they
brought a calf of Shelamim (belonging to a woman) to the Ezras Nashim for
the women to make Semichah 'to afford them satisfaction'.
Answers to questions
What is the
problem with this with Rebbi Yochanan, who maintains that Semichah must be
performed with all one's strength?
(b) Rav Ami answers that the women were instructed to lean on the animal
Then why did the Tana say 'Lo Mipnei she'Semichah be'Nashim ...
', seeing as this was not really Semichah at all?
(c) Rav Papa assumes that the head is like the side of the animal (seeing as
one does not usually ride on the head).
How does he then prove from Rebbi
Yochanan that Chazal forbade even using the side of an animal (and not only
sitting on it)?
(d) How does Rav Ashi refute Rav Papa's proof?