REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chagigah 20
CHAGIGAH 19 & 20 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah
in Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
(a) According to Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, if someone's shawl fell off, and
he asked his friend to hand him to him, the shawl remains Tamei.
(b) What does Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram say about someone who meant to take
his weekday clothes, and then discovered that they were his Shabbos clothes?
Why do we initially believe this to be so?
(c) What episode did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok relate with regard to two
women who were both 'Chaveiros' (who were particular about Tum'ah)? What did
Rebbi Akiva rule?
(a) What will be the Din if a Tahor person ...
(b) This Beraisa creates a problem with the rulings of Rebbi Yonasan ben
Elazar, Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram and Rebbi Akiva (all of whom seem to be
strict under similar circumstances).
- ... stretched his hand into a basket to take out wheat-bread and he took out barley-bread instead, is it Tahor or Tamei?
- ... was guarding a barrel, thinking it contained wine and it really contained oil? Is it Tahor or Tamei?
How does Rebbi Yirmiyah explain the
Seifa of the Beraisa, which reads 'va'Asurah mi'le'Echol'?
(a) What does the Beraisa say about someone who is carrying a basket of figs
on his shoulder in which there is also a shovel (used for cutting up the
figs when they stick together), and the man carrying it placed his hand
inside the basket, having in mind to guard the basket from Tum'ah but not
the shovel. Are the basket and the shovel considered Tamei or Tahor?
(b) Why does the shovel not transmit Tum'ah ...
(c) To what else might this distinction pertain besides the shovel?
- ... to the basket?
- ... to the contents of the basket?
(d) What have we proved from this Beraisa?
(a) The first woman who came before Rebbi Yishmael explained how she had
woven the garment be'Taharah, though she had not guarded it be'Taharah.
What did this transpire to mean after Rebbi Yishmael had questioned her
carefully, that resulted in Rebbi Yishmael declaring the garment Tamei?
(b) What transpired with regard to the second woman, who had woven a cloth
be'Taharah (even though she was a Nidah), that resulted in Rebbi Yishmael
declaring the cloth Tamei?
(c) In the first incident, what did the woman then mean when she claimed
that she had woven the garment be'Taharah?
(a) In the second episode, seeing as the woman was a Nidah, how could she
claim to have woven the cloth be'Taharah?
(b) Why did Rebbi Yishmael then declare the cloth to be Tamei?
(c) Why can the reason not have been because she was an Am ha'Aretz, whose
spittle (even when she is not a Nidah) renders Tamei like that of a Zav?
(d) What now emerges from this Beraisa, leaving us with a Kashya on all the
statements above in 1. (of Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar, Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram
and Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok)?
(a) How do we resolve the problem with ....
Answers to questions
1. ... Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok with ease, by distinguishing between his
case (of two women who took each other's garment) and the case of the basket
and of the barrel, both of which remain Tahor as well as the two cases of
Rebbi Yishmael, as we just explained? Which type of P'sul rendered each
woman's garment Tamei in his case?
(b) The Beraisa states that if someone's ass-drivers or workers were
carrying Taharos, those Taharos remain Tahor even though he moved away from
them as far as a Mil.
2. ... Rebbi Yonasan ben Amram with ease, by distinguishing between his case
(of a person taking his Shabbos clothes instead of his weekday ones) and the
other cases? Why did he rule that the clothes were Tamei any more than in
those two cases?
3. ... the stringent ruling of Rebbi Yonoson ben Elazar (who speaks about
one person handing the other his shawl) with the lenient ruling of other
cases? On what did he base his stringent ruling?
How are the Taharos being transported? On what
grounds do the Taharos therefore remain Tahor?
(c) How does this Beraisa appear to clash with Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar (the
way we just explained him)?
(a) What will be the Din if, in the previous case, the owner instructs his
ass-drivers and his workers to keep going, and he will follow them later?
***** Hadran Alach 'Ein Dorshin' *****
(b) To answer the discrepancy between this Beraisa and Rebbi Yonasan ben
Elazar, we assume that really, a person does *not* guard what is in his
friend's domain (like Rebbi Yonasan ben Elazar).
How does Rebbi Yitzchak
Nafcha explain why, nevertheless, in the Reisha of the Beraisa, the Taharos
(c) If the workers Toveled, then why in the Seifa, are the Taharos Tamei?
(d) Seeing as the workers do not care about their friends touching the
Taharos, why are the Taharos then Tahor in the Reisha? What ultimately, is
the difference between the Reisha and the Seifa?
***** Perek Chomer ba'Kodesh *****
(a) May one Tovel two Tamei vessels one inside the other, to use for ...
(b) What is the significance of the statement 'Achorayim, ve'Toch u'Veis
ha'Tzevitah'? What is 'Beis ha'Tzevitah'?
- ... Terumah?
- ... Kodesh?
(c) Does it make any difference as to which kind of Tum'ah affected the
(d) Will this Din apply to Kodesh as well?
(a) Someone who is carrying a Medras ha'Zav (such as his shoes) may carry
Terumah at the same time, but not Kodesh.
What does the Tana mean by
'carry Terumah'? How is he transporting it?
(b) When Toveling a garment to use with Kodesh, one is first obligated to
untie any knots and make sure that the garment is dry, before Toveling it
and re-tying it.
What would one be permitted to do in the corresponding
case if one Toveled a garment to use for Terumah?
(c) Terumah vessels that are completed be'Taharah do not require Tevilah.
Kodesh vessels do.
What does 'completed be'Taharah' mean?
(a) 'ha'K'li Metzaref Mah she'be'Tocho le'Kodesh ... '.
What is 'Tziruf
(b) 've'Lo li'Terumah'.
What is the Din by Terumah?
(c) 'ha'Revi'i ba'Kodesh Pasul'.
What is the corresponding Din by Terumah?
(d) What is the Din if one hand of a Kohen who wants to eat ...
- ... Terumah becomes Tamei through a Tum'ah d'Oraysa? What must he do in order to become Tahor?
- ... Terumah became Tamei through a Tum'ah de'Rabbanan?
- ... Kodshim becomes Tamei through a Tum'ah de'Rabbanan?
(a) 'A Kohen who has Tamei hands is permitted to eat dry fruit of Terumah'.
What does the Tana mean by ...
Answers to questions
(b) May one eat Kodesh in the same circumstances?
- ... Tamei hands? What sort of Tum'ah is he talking about?
- ... dry fruit?
(c) An Onen and a Mechusar Kipurim require Tevilah to eat Kodesh, but not to
Under what condition does Tevilah permit ...
- ... an Onen to eat Kodesh?
- ... a Mechusar Kipurim to eat Kodesh?