POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 55
1) DOES 'UNTIL' MEAN 'INCLUDING'? (cont.)
(a) (Mishnah): If a small earthenware vessel, its bottom or
walls (if it broke) can stand unsupported, it is Mekabel
Tum'ah if it holds enough oil to anoint a baby's toe;
2) A PUNCTURED SPLEEN OR KIDNEY
1. This is the Shi'ur (of a shard) if the Kli initially
held until a Log (before it broke.)
i. Suggestion: If it was exactly one Log, this is
like less than a Log.
2. (Mishnah): If the Kli was initially from one Log
until a Se'ah, the shard must hold a Revi'is.
ii. Rejection: No, this is like more than a Log.
i. Suggestion: If it was exactly one Se'ah, this
is like less than a Se'ah.
3. (Mishnah): If the vessel was from one Se'ah until
two Sa'im, the shard must hold a half-Log.
ii. Rejection: No, it is like more than a Se'ah.
i. Suggestion: If it was exactly two Sa'im, this
is like less than two Sa'im.
4. Question (Beraisa): A Log is like less than a Log; a
Se'ah is like less than a Se'ah; two Sa'im is like
less than two Sa'im.
ii. Rejection: No, this is like more than two
5. (Retraction (of Inference 5:a:2, 54B)): 'Ad' is
always understood in the more stringent way
(including or excluding.)
i. (R. Avahu): Whenever Chachamim gave a Shi'ur,
we are always stringent about the exact amount,
except for a blood stain the size of a bean, we
are lenient about this.
ii. Support (Beraisa): Five (Tefachim sticking out
from the bed) is like more than five; 10 is
like less than 10.
(a) (Mishnah): If the spleen was removed (it is Kosher.)
(b) (Rav Avira): If it was removed, it is Kosher, but if it
was punctured, it is Tereifah.
(c) Question (R. Yosi bar Avin - Mishnah): If part of a fetus
was cut off (and left in the womb), slaughter of the
mother permits it;
1. If an animal's spleen or kidney was cut (before
slaughter), it is forbidden to eat.
(d) Answer #1: No - even the animal is Tereifah;
2. Inference: The animal itself is permitted (only the
cut organ is forbidden.)
1. The Tana simply said 'forbidden' for contrast to the
Reisha, which permits a cut part of the fetus.
(e) Answer #2: Cutting the spleen does not make the animal
Tereifah, but puncturing it does.
(f) (Mishnah): If the kidneys were removed (it is Kosher.)
(g) (Rakish bar Papa): If a kidney was stricken, it is
(h) (Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael): This is only if the
afflicted area extends to the groove.
(i) Question: Where is the groove?
3) A DRIED LUNG
(j) Answer: The white part under the hips (the middle of the
(k) (R. Nechunyah): The Halachah follows Rakish bar Papa; it
does not follow Rav Avira.
1. The Halachah does not follow Rav Avira only
regarding the bottom of the spleen, but if the top
of the spleen is punctured, it is Tereifah;
(l) (Chachamim of Eretz Yisrael): If a defect in the lungs is
(makes the animal) Tereifah, the same defect in the
kidney is Kosher (not Tereifah);
2. If the puncture does not go all the way through, and
it is covered by flesh the size of a Dinar, it is
1. All the more so, a defect that is Kosher in the
lungs is Kosher in the kidney.
(m) Question (R. Tanchuma): But pus in the lungs is Kosher,
but in the kidney, it is Tereifah! And pure water is
Kosher in both places! (Tosfos - even though it has the
same cause like pus, we do not learn from one Tereifah to
2. A puncture in the lungs is Tereifah; in the kidney,
it is Kosher.
(n) (Rav Ashi): We do not learn from one Tereifah to another
- if one cuts an animal in one place, it is Tereifah, in
another place, it is Kosher!
(o) Pure water is Kosher only if it is clear and not spoiled
- if it is cloudy or spoiled, it is Tereifah.
(p) If the kidney shrank due to illness - if in a small
animal it shrank to the size of a bean, or to the size of
a grape in a large animal, it is Tereifah.
(q) (Mishnah): If the womb was removed (it is Kosher.)
1. Em, Tarpachas and Shalpuchis are all names for the
(a) (Mishnah): Charusah bi'Dei Shamayim (that happened
naturally) is Kosher.
4) A FLAYED ANIMAL
(b) (Beraisa): Charusah is when the lung dried up - if it was
bi'Dei Shamayim, it is Kosher; bi'Dei Adam (caused by
man), it is Tereifah;
(c) R. Shimon ben Elazar says, even if it was caused by any
(d) Question: Do R. Shimon's words apply to the first clause
(through animals is like bi'Dei Shamayim, it is Kosher),
or to the last clause (and it is Tereifah)?
(e) Answer (Beraisa): Charusah bi'Dei Adam is Tereifah; R.
Shimon ben Elazar says, even through animals.
(f) Rabah bar bar Chanah found rams with dry lungs. He was
told how to test whether this was bi'Dei Shamayim or
1. One soaks them in water for 24 hours. (In summer, a
white vessel with cold water is used; in winter, a
black vessel with warm water.) If they return to
normal, it is Kosher; if not, it is Tereifah.
(a) (Mishnah): Gludah (an animal without skin)...
(b) (Beraisa - R. Meir): Gludah is Kosher;
1. Chachamim say, it is Tereifah.
(c) Question: But R. Shimon ben Elazar says that R. Meir
2. R. Shimon ben Elazar says, R. Meir retracted (and
agreed that it is Tereifah.)
1. (Beraisa - R. Shimon ben Elazar): R. Meir and
Chachamim did not argue, they agree that Gludah is
Tereifah; if skin the size of a Sela remains, it is
(d) Answer (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): The Beraisa means, R.
Meir did not persist in the argument.
(e) (Beraisa): If skin the size of a Sela remains, it is
(f) Question: Where must the skin be?
(g) Answer #1 (Shmuel): It must be along the entire spine.
1. Question: Can it be a thin strip, the entire area is
like a Sela - or must the width of a Sela cover the
2. Answer: R. Nehorai cited Shmuel to say that the
width of a Sela must cover the entire spine.
(h) Answer #2 (Rabah bar bar Chanah): A Sela must cover the
vertebrae and the joints.
(i) Answer #3 (R. Elazar ben Antigonus): It must cover the
1. Questions (R. Yanai b'Rebbi Yishmael): What if only
the skin covering the spine was removed? Only the
skin over the joints? Only the skin over the navel?
(j) Answer #4 (Rav): A Sela of skin anywhere makes it Kosher,
except over Beis ha'Perasos (the feet, below the knee.)
2. These questions are unresolved.
(k) Answer #5 (R. Yochanan): Even skin over the feet makes it
(l) Question (Rav Asi): Does skin over the feet save the
(m) Answer (R. Yochanan): Yes.
(n) Question (Rav Asi - Mishnah): The following skin is
considered like meat - the skin on the feet (for it is
(o) Answer (R. Yochanan): That is R. Shimon's opinion,
1. (Beraisa): If one slaughters an Olah with intent
Lehaktir (to burn) Chutz li'Mkomo (not on the
Mizbe'ach) a k'Zayis of the skin under the tail, the
Korban is Pasul, one who eats it is not Chayav
2. If he slaughtered Chutz li'Zmano (intending to burn
the next day, after the allotted time), it is Pasul,
one who eats it is Chayav Kares;
3. Eliezer ben Yehudah says, improper intent for any of
the following takes effect:
i. Skin on the feet, on the head of a tender calf,
under the tail, and 'any skin that is Tamei
like the meat' (this includes skin of the
4. If he intended Chutz li'Mkomo, it is Pasul, there is
no Kares; Chutz li'Zmano, it is Pasul, there is