POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 60
1) ONE WHO DID NOT FATHOM HASH-M'S GREATNESS
(a) Kaiser: I want to see your G-d.
2) HASHEM'S CREATIONS
(b) R. Yehoshua ben Chananyah: You cannot.
(c) The Kaiser insisted. On a summer day, R. Yehoshua asked
him to look at the sun.
1. Kaiser: I cannot.
(d) Kaiser: I want to prepare a meal for Hash-m.
2. R. Yehoshua: The sun is a creation of Hash-m, you
cannot look at it - all the more so, you cannot see
(e) R. Yehoshua: You cannot, his legions are too numerous.
(f) The Kaiser insisted. R. Yehoshua told him to prepare it
on the bank of a certain river.
1. The Kaiser prepared for six months in summer; a wind
came, blowing all he had prepared into the river.
(g) Kaiser's daughter: Your G-d is a carpenter - "He makes a
ceiling with water in His upper chambers" - have him make
for me a weaving rod.
2. The Kaiser prepared for six months in winter; rain
came, washing all he had prepared into the river.
3. Kaiser: What is happening?
4. R. Yehoshua: This is the result of those that clean
the floor in front of Hash-m.
5. Kaiser: I cannot prepare a meal for Hash-m.
1. R. Yehoshua prayed; she became leprous. It was
customary in Rome to seat a leper in the market and
to give him a weaving rod, so people will know to
pray for him.
2. R. Yehoshua: Hash-m gave you a nice rod!
3. Kaiser's daughter: Ask him to take it back.
4. R. Yehoshua: Hash-m gives, He does not take.
(a) (Rav Yehudah): All the following should be large in an ox
- the belly, hooves, head and tail;
1. All of these should be small in a donkey.
(b) (Rav Yehudah): The ox that Adam offered had one horn on
its forehead - "Will be more pleasing to Hash-m than a
bull Makrin (with horns) and hooves."
2. This is relevant to commerce (if one sells an ox or
donkey, it should meet these specifications.)
(c) Question: "Makrin" is plural, implying two horns!
(d) Answer: Although it is read "Makrin", it is written
without a Yud, connoting the singular.
(e) (Rav Yehudah): Adam offered an ox whose horns preceded
(came up from the ground before) its hooves - the above
verse mentions the horns before the hooves.
(f) (This implies that it was created mature, with horns -)
this supports R. Yehoshua ben Levi (regarding full
1. (R. Yehoshua ben Levi): Everything created in the
six days of creation was created in is full stature,
with its consent, and in its beauty - "Heaven and
earth were finished, and all Tzeva'am (their
legions)" - this may be read 'Tzivyonam' (the form
(g) (R. Chanina bar Papa): When Hash-m created the trees, he
commanded that each species sprout by itself. The grass
reasoned - even though it is the nature of trees to grow
far apart, Hash-m insisted that they keep separate - it
is the nature of grass to grow mixed together, all the
more so each species should keep separate!
1. Each species sprouted by itself; the world minister
(the angel Metatron) exclaimed "Hash-m's honor will
be forever, Hash-m will exult in his works".
(h) Question (Ravina): According to R. Chanina bar Papa, may
one graft different species of grass onto each other?
3) SURPRISING THINGS WE LEARN FROM THE TORAH
1. Since the Torah did not say that each must grow by
itself, this should be permitted;
(i) Contradiction (R. Shimon ben Pazi): It says, "Hash-m made
the two great luminaries"; later, it says "The great
luminary...and the small luninary"!
2. Or - since Hash-m agreed to the grass' Kal
va'Chomer, it is as if the Torah wrote that each
must be separate!
i. This question is unresolved.
(j) Answer (R. Shimon ben Pazi): Initially, Hash-m made them
both great. The moon objected - two kings cannot share
1. Hash-m: Go diminish yourself.
(k) Contradiction (Rav Asi): It says "The ground brought
grass" on the third day; it says "No tree...(or grass)
had yet sprouted" on Erev Shabbos!
2. The moon: Is this fitting for my proper suggestion?!
3. Hash-m: You will rule (illuminate) day and night.
4. The moon: A small light is useless by day!
5. Hash-m: Yisrael will count days and years by you.
6. The moon: They need the sun to calculate the
seasons, this determines (leap) years!
7. Hash-m: Great Tzadikim will be called small, like
yourself - Yakov, David, and Shmuel.
8. The moon was still not consoled. Hash-m decreed to
bring an 'atonement' for Himself (i.e. to appease
the moon) for having diminished the moon.
i. (Reish Lakish): This is why it says in the
Musaf of Rosh Chodesh "Chatas la'Sh-m".
(l) Answer (Rav Asi): This teaches that the grass was just
below the ground, until Adam prayed for it - then, rain
fell and it sprouted.
1. This teaches that Hash-m desires the prayers of
2. Rav Nachman bar Papa had a garden. He planted seeds;
nothing grew. He prayed, rain came and it sprouted -
Hash-m desires the prayers of Tzadikim.
(a) (Rav Chanan bar Aba): The Shesu'ah is a unique creation;
it has two backs and two spines. (Some say that it is a
species, others say that it is an aberation, like a
1. Question: Was Moshe a hunter, that he would know
about such exotic creatures?!
(b) Question: "The five Plishtim rulers - of Aza, of Ashdod,
of Ashkelon, of Gas, of Akron, and of Avim" - six are
2. Answer: Rather, this proves that he received the
Torah from Hash-m.
(c) Answer #1 (R. Yochanan): Five of them were imporant.
(d) Answer #2 (Rav): The Avim were not Plishtim, they came
(e) Support (Beraisa): The Avim came from Teiman;
1. They are called Avim because they ruined (Ivsu)
their place; or, because they desired (Ivu) many
gods; or, because anyone that saw them was seized
with Avis (trembling.)
(f) (Reish Lakish): Many verses seem to be pointless, but
teach important lessons.
2. (Rav Yosef): They have 16 rows of teeth.
(g) "The Avim dwell in Chatzerim, until Aza (...Kaftorim took
their land)" - this teaches why Yisrael was permitted to
take their land.
1. Avraham had sworn to Avimelech (king of the
Plishtim) not to harm him or his children or
grandchildren; Hash-m caused the Kaftorim to take
the land from the Avim, permitting Yisrael to take
it from the Kaftorim. (This is like R. Yochanan, who
says that Avim were Plishtim; also according to Rav,
Yisrael were forbidden to take the Avim's land, for
they descend from Esav.)
(h) Similarly - "Sichon Melech ha'Emori...fought b'Melech
Mo'av" - this teaches why we could take that land.
1. Yisrael was forbidden to fight Mo'av; Hash-m caused
Sichon to take the land from Mo'av, so Yisrael could
take it from Sichon.
(i) (Beraisa): "Tzidonim call Chermon 'Siryon' (the Emori
call it 'Senir'" - Senir and Siryon are mountains of
2. (Rav Papa): Yisrael was permitted to take the lands
of Amon and Mo'av because they were conquered by
1. This teaches that every nation built a great city
and gave it the name of a mountain of Eretz Yisrael;
(j) "(Yosef) transferred the Mitzrim to the cities" - he
exiled them, so they would not look down on his brothers
because they were exiled from their land.
2. This teaches that even the mountains of Eretz
Yisrael are dear to the nations.