POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 71
CHULIN 71-72 - sponsored by Dr. Lindsay A. Rosenwald of Lawrence NY, in
honor of his father, David ben Aharon ha'Levy Rosenwald of blessed memory.
1) CARCASSES ("NEVEILOS") OF "CHAYOS"
(a) (Beraisa - R. Yonason): The Torah teaches that Neveilos
of (Tahor or Tamei species of) Behemos are Tamei, also of
2) "TUMAH" OF A DEAD FETUS
1. Question: From where do we know that Neveilos of
Tahor Chayos are Teme'os?
(b) Question: How do we know that 'Behemah' includes Chayah?
2. Answer (Ben Azai): "Anything that goes on its soles,
in every Chayah that goes".
3. R. Yonason: But it says *in* every Chayah, not
4. Ben Azai: How did R. Yishmael explain?
5. R. Yonason: "When an animal will die" - this refers
to a Tamei animal; "That you may eat" - this refers
to a Tahor animal;
i. We have learned that Chayah is included in the
term Behemah (whether we refer to Tahor or
Tamei animals), and that Behemah is included in
(c) Answer: "This is the Behemah you will eat - an ox, a
sheep...a wild goat, a deer..." (the Tahor Chayos are
(d) Question: How do we know that 'Chayah' includes Behemah?
(e) Answer: "This is the Chayah you will eat, from every
Behemah on the ground...".
1. Behemah includes Chayah (regarding Tahor animals)
regarding Simanim (the Torah is Machshir a Behemah
with split hooves that chews the cud, this also
applies to Chayos).
2. Behemah includes Chayah (regarding Tamei animals)
regarding the prohibition to crossbreed different
3. Chayah includes Behemah (regarding Tamei animals)
regarding Rebbi's law.
i. (Beraisa - Rebbi): It was not necessary to
write 'Behemah' in the Parsha of Tumos (since
it already said Chayah) - it is extra, to teach
from another place that Behemah Teme'ah is
mentioned, that one who became Tamei is
obligated to bring a Korban only if he entered
the Mikdash or ate Kodshim when Tamei.
4. Chayah includes Behemah (regarding Tahor animals) in
the Parshah of creation (this teaches that a woman
that miscarried the form of either is Teme'ah like
one who gave birth to a human).
i. (Mishnah - R. Meir): If a woman miscarried the
form of a male Behemah, Chayah or bird, whether
Tahor or Tamei, she is (Tamei like) Yoledes
Zachar; for a female form, she is Yoledes
Nekevah; if we do not know the gender, she has
the stringencies of both;
ii. Chachamim say, if it is not a human form, it is
not considered a child.
iii. Question: What do Chachamim learn from the
verse that teaches that Chayah includes Behemah
(regarding Tahor animals)? (Tosfos; Rashi -
what do they learn from the verse R. Yosi
ha'Galili uses to teach that a fetus inside a
Tamei animal is Tamei?)
iv. Answer: It teaches like Rebbi.
(a) (Mishnah): If a midwife touched a dead fetus in the womb,
she is Teme'ah (Mes) for seven days, the mother is
Tehorah until the fetus comes out.
(b) (Gemara - Rabah): Just like Tum'ah Belu'ah (enveloped)
does not Metamei, also Taharah Belu'ah does not become
(c) Question: From where do we know that Tum'ah Belu'ah does
(d) Answer: "One who eats Neveilah will (immerse and) wash
his clothes (and be Tahor at night)" - this is true even
if he ate just before nightfall (and immersed, even
though the Neveilah is intact in his stomach and he moves
(e) Question: Perhaps the Neveilah is not Metamei because it
is not fitting for a Ger Toshav (one who accepted to keep
his seven Mitzvos) to eat!
1. This is not difficult for R. Yochanan, who holds
that the Neveilah retains its full Tum'ah as long as
it is fit for a dog.
2. According to Bar Pada, a Neveilah is Metamei people
only if a Ger Toshav would eat it; it is Metamei
food as long as a dog would eat it;
(f) Answer: Granted, a Ger Toshav would not eat it if he saw
the man vomit it out, but if he did not know it had been
swallowed, he would eat it, so it retains its full
i. Neveilah is not Metamei in the stomach because
then it is not fit for a Ger Toshav!
(g) Question: From where does Rabah know that Taharah Belu'ah
does not become Tamei?
(h) Answer: A Kal va'Chomer teaches this:
1. A Kli Cheres (earthenware vessel) with a Tzamid
Pasil (hermetic seal) does not suppress Tum'as Mes
(from breaking out);
i. If Tumas Mes is not under an Ohel (of a Tefach
in each direction), the Tum'ah breaks through
(any covering) and is Metamei anything directly
overhead, up to the sky.
2. Nevertheless, such a Kli shields its contents from
becoming Tamei (in Ohel ha'Mes);
3) OTHER CASES OF "TUMAH BELU'AH"
3. A person suppresses Tum'ah that he swallowed - all
the more so, he should shield what he swallowed from
(i) Question: We cannot learn from a Kli Cheres, for it
cannot become Tamei from its outside, whereas a person
(j) Answer: The Kal va'Chomer is not from the outside of a
Kli Cheres, rather from its inside;
1. The inside of a Kli Cheres is even more prone to
Tum'ah than man - it becomes Tamei through Tum'ah in
(a) Question: We have a source that Tum'ah swallowed via the
mouth does not Metamei - what is the source for Tum'ah
inserted through the rectum?
(b) Answer: We learn from a Kal va'Chomer - the mouth does
not digest food very much, yet what it swallows is not
Metamei (afterwards) - all the more so, what enters below
(through the rectum) is not Metamei, for most digestion
takes place below!
(c) Question: We have a source that Tum'ah Belu'ah in a
person does not Metamei - what is the source for Tum'ah
Belu'ah in an animal?
(d) Answer: We learn from a Kal va'Chomer - a living person
can become Tamei, yet Tum'ah Belu'ah inside him is not
Metamei - a live animal cannot become Tamei, all the more
so, Tum'ah Belu'ah inside it is not Metamei!
(e) Question: Regarding Bayis ha'Menuga (a house with
Tzara'as), man is less prone to receive Tum'ah than an
animal - man must tarry, an animal need not!
(f) Answer: The stringency that an animal need not tarry
pertains to vessels on the animal - the same stringency
applies to man!
1. (Mishnah): If one enters Bayis ha'Menuga with
clothes resting on his shoulder, and sandals and
rings on his hands (not on the proper fingers), he
and his clothes are Teme'im immediately;
2. If he enters wearing his clothes, sandals and rings
(on the proper fingers), he is Tamei immediately,
his clothes are Teme'im only after he tarries the
time needed to eat a half loaf of bread;
i. We gauge the time to eat wheat bread (not
barley), reclining, with an accompaniment on