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Chulin 97

CHULIN 96-98 - Sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) Question: Does Chelev really forbid the rest of the animal?!
1. A case occurred, a kid was roasted with its Chelev, and R. Yochanan permitted it, except for the areas around the Chelev!
(b) Answer #1: It was a thin kid (its Chelev does not spread, or it did not have enough Chelev to give Ta'am to the kid.)
(c) Answer #2 (Rav Huna bar Yehudah): The case was, a kidney was cooked with its Chelev; R. Yochanan permitted the kidney.
(d) Answer #3 (Ravin bar Rav Ada): A kidney was cooked in a pot with its Chelev; R. Yochanan said that a Kefeila (Nochri chef) should see if he tastes Chelev in the kidney.
(e) Question (Rava - Beraisa): One may not cook milk in a pot in which meat was cooked;
1. If he did, and the milk absorbed the Ta'am of meat, the milk is forbidden;
2. One may not cook Chulin in a pot in which Terumah was cooked;
i. If he did, and the Terumah gave taste to the Chulin, the Chulin must be eaten (by a Kohen, in Taharah,) like Terumah.
3. We understand the case of Terumah, a Kohen may taste the food.
4. (Summation of question): One may not taste the milk, perhaps it is forbidden!
(f) Answer (Rava): We rely on a Kefeila, like R. Yochanan said (elsewhere.)
(g) (Rava): Sometimes, Chachamim say that we taste food (to see if it absorbed taste); sometimes, we rely on a Kefeila; sometimes, we say that an Isur is Batul if and only if it was mixed with 60 times its own volume of Heter (permitted food):

1. If diverse foods were mixed, and all are permitted to (some) Jew, the Jew tastes it;
2. If diverse foods were mixed, and one of them is forbidden to all Jews, a Kefeila tastes it;
3. In the following two cases an Isur is Batul in 60 times its own volume:
i. If identical foods were mixed (but one is forbidden);
ii. If diverse foods were mixed, one is forbidden and a Kefeila is not available.
(a) Some thighs were salted with the Gid ha'Nasheh inside. Ravina forbade them, Rav Acha permitted them.
(b) (Mar bar Rav Ashi): My father permits them.
(c) Question (Rav Acha, to Ravina): Do you forbid them because Shmuel taught that salted food is like Rose'ach (boiling hot), and pickling is like cooking?
1. But Shmuel forbade the thigh only if it was cooked with the Gid; if it was roasted, it suffices to peel off the layer around the Gid!
2. Suggestion: Shmuel said that salted food is like Rose'ach - perhaps he means, like cooking.
3. Rejection: Since he said that pickling is like cooking, we infer that salting is not, rather it is like roasting.
i. This is left difficult.
(d) (R. Chanina): When estimating whether an Isur (Tosfos - a forbidden absorption in a pot) is a 60th of the mixture, we include the gravy, the sediment, the solid pieces, and the pot.
1. Version #1: 'The pot' refers to (the volume of the walls of) the pot itself.
2. Version #2: 'The pot' refers to the Heter absorbed in the walls of the pot.
(e) (R. Avahu): If an Isur became mixed with other food, and we cannot test whether or not it gives Ta'am (since both have the same taste, or there is no one around permitted to sample it), we gauge whether the same volume (as the Isur) of onions or leeks would give taste to the mixture.
(f) Question (R. Aba): Why not gauge using peppers or spices, even minute quantities of them give taste!
(g) Answer (Abaye): Chachamim gauged, no Isur is Nosen Ta'am more than onions and leeks.
(h) (Rav Nachman): The Gid ha'Nasheh does not forbid a mixture 60 times its own size - it itself is not counted towards 60 parts of mixture;
1. A (cooked) udder does not forbid a mixture 60 times its own size - it itself is counted towards the 60 (parts of mixture);
2. An egg does not forbid a mixture 60 times its own size - it itself is not counted towards the 60.
(i) (R. Yitzchak brei d'Rav Mesharshiya): The udder itself is forbidden; if it falls into another pot, it forbids that pot (if it is more than one part in 60.)
(j) Question: Must the first pot have 60 times the volume of the entire udder (to be permitted), or only what exuded from it?
(k) Answer: It must be, the entire udder - we do not know how much exuded!
(l) Question: If so, if the udder falls into another pot, it should not forbid it (since we assume that all the forbidden taste left the udder)!
(m) Answer: Since the udder itself becomes forbidden, we view it like a Neveilah (which is always forbidden and forbids mixtures.)
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