POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Chulin 142
1) THE REWARD OF THE MITZVAH
(a) (Mishnah): One may not take a mother on her young even to
be Metaher a Metzora.
TAM VE'NISHLAM, SHEVACH L'KEL BOREI OLAM
(b) Regarding Shilu'ach ha'Ken, an easy Mitzvah which entails
a loss of about an Isar (the value of the mother), it
says "Lema'an Yitav Lach v'Ha'arachta Yomim" - all the
more so regarding difficult Mitzvos!
(c) (Gemara - Beraisa - R. Yakov): Every Mitzvah for which
the Torah writes its reward, it is [also] rewarded by
1. It says about honoring parents "Lema'an Ya'arichun
Yamecha u'Lema'an Yitav Lach";
(d) (Rav Yosef): If Acher had expounded these verses like his
grandson R. Yakov, he would not have become a heretic.
2. It says about Shilu'ach ha'Ken "Lema'an Yitav Lach
3. Question: If a man asked his son to bring him eggs
from the top of a building, and the son did so
(sending the mother first) and died on his way down,
where is the length of days and goodness that the
Torah promises for these two Mitzvos?!
4. Answer: It must be, "Lema'an Ya'arichun Yamecha"
refers to the world [to come] that is eternal;
i. "u'Lema'an Yitav Lach" refers to the world [to
come] that is all good.
5. Question: Perhaps [the reward is in this world,
therefore] such an event would never occur!
6. Answer: R. Yakov saw such an event.
7. Question: Perhaps the son had sinful thoughts at the
time (and was punished for them)!
8. Answer: Hash-m does not punish [Yisrael] for
thoughts, only for sinful actions.
9. Question: Perhaps the son had idolatrous thoughts at
the time (Yisrael are punished for thoughts of
i. (Rav Acha bar Yakov): "Lema'an Tefos Es Beis
Yisrael b'Libam" - this refers to thoughts of
10. Answer: R. Yakov reasons - if the reward for Mitzvos
was in this world, it should have saved him from
having these thoughts which caused his death.
i. Rather, the reward for Mitzvos must be in the
world to come.
11. Question: But R. Elazar taught, harm will not befall
someone on the way to do a Mitzvah!
12. Answer #1: He can be harmed on the way back.
13. Rejection: R. Elazar taught, harm will not befall
someone on the way to do a Mitzvah or on the way
14. Answer #2: He went down a rickety ladder - the above
law does not apply to a dangerous situation;
i. "Shmuel said "Eich Elech v'Shoma Sha'ul
va'Horagani'" (he was concerned for danger,
even though Hash-m told him to anoint David, a
(e) Question: What did he see that broke his faith?
(f) Answer #1: He saw an incident like R. Yakov saw.
(g) Answer #2: He saw the tongue of R. Chutzpis the
translator (who was among the ten great Chachamim killed
by Romi) in a wasteheap;
1. Acher was appalled that the tongue which spoke Torah
so wondrously was not protected from such an end;
2. He did not know that "Lema'an Ya'arichun Yomecha" -
refers to the world that is eternal, "U'Lma'an Yitav
Lach" refers the world that is all good.
On to Bechoros