REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Chulin 139
CHULIN 137-140 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dapim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
(a) We learned in our Mishnah 'Aval Lo be'Mukdashin'.
What is the problem
with that, assuming that the nest is ...
(b) Why can we not then establish the case where he picked up ...
- ... in one's house?
- ... outside?
(c) And we prove this from Rebbi Yochanan ben Yosef in a Beraisa.
- ... the baby birds outside his property, and after declaring them Hekdesh, he returned them to the nest?
- ... the mother, and after declaring it Hekdesh, he returned it to its nest?
Rebbi Yochanan ben Yosef say about someone who Shechts a Chayah and then
declares it Hekdesh?
(d) Is someone who Shechts a Chayah belonging to Hekdesh obligated to cover
(a) Rav establishes the case by 'Makdish Peiros Shovcho u'Mardu'.
does this mean? How does this explain the fact that the birds could be both
Hekdesh and yet be subject to Shilu'ach ha'Kein?
(b) Why did Rav say 'Peiros Shovcho', and not just 'Shovcho'?
(c) What does Shmuel say?
(d) If Shmuel basically agrees with Rav and does not learn like him, in
order to teach us that even Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis are Patur from Shilu'ach
ha'Kein, why does Rav decline to learn like Shmuel?
(a) What does Shmuel say about that? What does this have to do with the
Pasuk in Tehilim "la'Hashem ha'Aretz u'Melo'ah"?
(b) Rebbi Yochanan established the Mishnah like Shmuel.
How did Resh
Lakish query him?
(c) What did he reply?
(a) In a case where someone declares a Manah, Hekdesh Bedek ha'Bayis, and it
is subsequently stolen, Rebbi Yochanan considers the owner liable until it
reaches the hand of the treasurer.
What does Resh Lakish say?
(b) What is now the problem?
(c) If Resh Lakish retracted after hearing Rebbi Yochanan's previous ruling,
how do we reconcile the discrepancy in Rebbi Yochanan's two rulings?
(a) Discussing Kodshei Mizbe'ach, how does the Beraisa distinguish between a
Neder and a Nedavah?
(b) Then how can Resh Lakish dispute Rebbi Yochanan's ruling in the previous
case, where the latter obligates someone who declared 'Harei Zu Manah
le'Bedek ha'Bayis' to pay, if the money is stolen?
(c) What does the Mishnah in Erchin say about someone who declares an ox an
Olah, and a house, a Korban (to Bedek ha'Bayis) should the ox die or the
house fall down, assuming he said ...
(d) How will we reconcile Resh Lakish with this Mishnah, which teaches us
that one remains liable even in a case of 'Harei Alai' by Kodshei Bedek
- ... 'Shor Zeh Olah, Bayis Zeh Korban'?
- ... 'Shor Zeh Alai Olah, Bayis Zeh Alai Korban'?
(a) What does Rav Hamnuna say about someone who declares Hekdesh Erchin,
using the word 'Alai', should the money that he subsequently designates be
(b) Why is that?
(c) How does Rava query Rav Hamnuna's statement, factually.
What might the
Noder have said without using the word "Alai"?
(d) He also queries him from Rebbi Nasan in a Beraisa. Rebbi Nasan discusses
the Pasuk in Bechokosai "Ve'nasan es ha'Erk'cha ba'Yom ha'Hu".
connection is this Pasuk written?
(a) What does the Tana say about Hekdesh and Ma'aser Sheini that one
redeemed on Chulin money?
Answers to questions
(b) What is the reason for this?
(c) What does Rebbi Nasan now learn from the above Pasuk?
(d) How does Rava therefore present Rav Hamnuna's revised statement?
(a) The Beraisa discusses the Pasuk "Ki Yikarei Kan Tzipor Lefanecha".
Following the Pasuk "*Shale'ach Teshalach* es ha'Eim ... ", why does the
Pasuk need to write "Ki Yikarei Kan Tzipor ... "? What would we otherwise
(b) And what does the Tana learn from the word ...
(c) From where does the Tana learn that the Mitzvah applies even if the nest
is in a tree?
- ... "Kan"?
- ... "Tzipor"?
- ... "Lefanecha"?
- ... "ba'Darech"?
(d) Then why does the Torah add "O al ha'Aretz"?
(a) The Tana then retracts from its D'rashah "ba'Derech" (seeing as the
Pasuk anyway includes wherever the nest is found).
What does he initially
(b) Included in a nest that he has not acquired are doves in a dovecot,
doves in an attic and Tziporim she'Kanenu be'Tafichin u'va'Biros'.
are 'Tziporim she'Kanenu ...
(c) When are geese and chickens subject to Shilu'ach, and when are they not?
- ... Tafichin'?
- ... Biros'?
(d) And what does the Tana say about Yonei Hardesiyos?
(a) We refute this Limud too however, on the grounds that we already know it
all from "Ki Yikarei", 'P'rat li'Mezuman'. And we finally use "ba'Darech"
to teach us Rav Yehudah Amar Rav's D'rashah.
Based on the Pasuk in
Yeshayah "Koh Amar Hashem, ha'Nosen ba'Yam Derech", what does Rav Yehudah
Amar Rav learn from "ba'Darech"?
(b) And seeing as we already know the Din of Reshus ha'Yachid from the
above, what do we learn from "Lefanecha"?
(c) Based on the above D'rashah from "ba'Darech", why can we not learn from
the Pasuk in Mishlei "Derech Nesher ba'Shamayim", that a birds' nest that a
bird is carrying in the sky is subject to Shilu'ach ha'Kein?
(a) The Papunai asked Rav Masna for a number of sources.
What did he prove
with the Pasuk in Shmuel "va'Adamah al Rosho"?
(b) He cited them a Pasuk in Bereishis (prior to the great flood)
"be'sha'Gam Hu Basar".
How does this Pasuk hint at Moshe Rabeinu?
(c) Why did he cite the Pasuk in ...
- ... Bereishis "ha'Min ha'Eitz ... "?
- ... Ha'azinu "ve'Anochi Hastir Astir Panai"?
- ... in Ki Sisa "Mar D'ror"? How does Unklus translate it?
(a) Rebbi Chiya and Rebbi Shimon (b'Rebbi?) argue over whether 'Yonei
Hardesiyos' (which the Beraisa exempts from Shilu'ach ha'Kein) is spelt like
that or as 'Yonei Hadresiyos.
What are 'Yonei ...
(b) Rav Kahana saw the remains of Hurdus dove-nests.
- ... Hadresiyos'?
- ... Hardesiyos? What is the significance of Hurdus here?
How many rows of them
were there, and how long was each row?
(c) All the doves chirped 'Kiri Kiri' except for one.
What does 'Kiri'
(a) What did the silent dove begin to chirp, when its friend said to it
'Blind one; say Kiri Kiri' (like us)?
(b) What happened to that poor dove?
(c) If, as Rebbi Chanina commented to Rav Ashi, birds cannot speak, how
could Rav Kahana then testify that he heard it?
(a) The Beraisa precluded Tamei birds from Shilu'ach ha'Kein from the Pasuk
Answers to questions
What distinction does Rebbi Yitzchak draw between 'Of' and
(b) We take for granted that the Pasuk in Va'eschanan (in connection with
the Isur of Avodah-Zarah) "Tavnis Kol Tzipor Kanaf" incorporates Tamei
birds. "Kanaf" certainly comes to include grasshoppers in the Isur.
According to Rebbi Yitzchak, from where, if not from "Tzipor", will we then
learn Tamei birds?
(c) And where do the following Pesukim include Tamei birds ...
(d) And how will Rebbi Yitzchak then explain the Pasuk in Daniel
"u've'Anpohi Yeduran Tziprei Shemaya" (where 'Kanaf' is not mentioned)?
- ... "ha'Chayah ve'Chol Beheimah, Remes ve'Chol Tzipor Kanaf ... Yehalelu es Shem Hashem" (Tehilim)?
- ... "Kol Tzipor Kol Kanaf" (Bereishis, in connection with the creation)?