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Eruvin 15

ERUVIN 11-15 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.

1) [line 1] LECHI HA'OMED ME'ELAV - a board which was not put in place for the purpose of being used as a Lechi

2) [line 14] CHITZAS HA'KANIM - planted reeds that form a partition
3) [line 15] DEYOMAD - a corner piece (made of two planks one Amah wide and ten Tefachim tall, set perpendicular to each other -- see Pasei Bira'os, Background to Eruvin 10:2)

4) [line 19] HA'MESICH AL HA'ARETZ - that hangs over the ground
5) [line 19] NOFO - the end of its branches
6) [line 23] BEIS SE'ASAYIM - a parcel of land in which two Se'ah of grain is normally planted, which is the area of the Azarah of the Mishkan, 50 by 100 Amos, approx. 1,152 square meters (12,400 square feet) or 1,659 square meters (17,856 square feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions

7) [line 24] DIRAH SHE'TASHMISHAH L'AVIR - a residence whose only purpose is to provide protection from the outside elements

8) [line 27] B'NEKA - (a) in a crevice of a rock (RASHI); (b) in a ditch (ARUCH)
9) [line 28] V'KAMAH KETZURAH, V'SHIBOLOS MAKIFOS OSAH - stalks of grain that were cut leaving a clearing, with stalks that were ten Tefachim high left standing (uncut) at the perimeter

10) [line 35] L'MEISAR BINYANA - to attach future construction
11) [line 40] KUZA D'MAYA - a small cup of water
12) [line 41] NAFAL LICHYA - the Lechi fell down
13a) [line 41] ACHVEI B'YADEI - he motioned with his hand
b) [line 41] KAM A'DUCHTEI - (a) he stood in his place; (b) according to the Girsa of Dikdukei Sofrim #50: KUM A'DUCHTEICH - [as if to say] "Stand in your place!"

14) [line 42] LI'SMOCH A'DIKLA - it is permissible to use the palm tree standing at the entrance of the Mavoy as a Lechi

15) [line 42] DAMI HAI ME'RABANAN K'MAN D'LO PARSHEI INSHEI SHEMA'ATA - (a) this Chacham [is speaking] like people who have never understood what they have learned; (b) ...D'LO *GAMREI* INSHEI SHEMA'ATA - this Chacham [is speaking] like people who have never learned before (Soncino Edition of the Shas, cited in Dikdukei Sofrim #60)

16) [line 44] BARKA - extension of a building
17) [line 45] KULEI SHENAIHU - all the years of their life
18) [last line] GOLEL - (a) the top of a coffin (RASHI); (b) the tombstone (TOSFOS Shabbos 152b)


19) [line 1] GITEI NASHIM
In order for a man to divorce his wife, he must write her a Get (bill of divorce), as it states in Devarim 24:1. A Get may be written on any surface, including paper, parchment, potsherds, leaves that do not wither, the hand of a slave and the horn of a cow. (RAMBAM Hilchos Gerushin 4:3)

20) [line 8] EIN LI ELA SEFER - I only know that it is permissible to write on a parchment scroll

21) [line 11] V'EINO OCHEL - and it is not a food
22) [line 13] L'SEFIRUS DEVARIM B'ALMA - for a mere recounting of the details of the divorce

23) [line 16] ISKASH YETZI'AH L'HAVAYAH - divorce is compared to betrothal (Kidushin) in the verse in Devarim (24:2)

24) [line 27] SHEYARA SHE'CHANSAH B'VIK'AH - a caravan that encamped on a plain
25) [line 28] KELEI VEHEMAH - equipment used for animals
26) [line 32] PARUTZ K'OMED - if the open spaces of the enclosure exactly equal the size of the closed spaces

27) [line 42] HA'MEKAREH SUKASO BI'SHEPUDIN - one who covers his Sukah with iron spits (which are invalid as Sechach), [leaving space between them for Kosher Sechach]

28) [line 43] ARUCHOS HA'MITAH - (O.F. espondes) the lengthwise sides of a bed-frame
29) [line 46] B'MA'ADIF - the Mishnah is talking about a case where he left a space between the iron spits that is slightly greater than the area of the spits themselves

30a) [line 46] EREV - widthwise
b) [line 47] SHESI - lengthwise
31) [last line] UKAFOS - saddles

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