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1) [line 3] "LACHEN SHIM'I NA ZOS ANIYAH ..." - "Therefore hear this, you afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine." (Yeshayahu 51:21) - The tribulations of the exile cause the people of Yisrael to have the same religious immunity as a person who is drunk.
2a) [line 11] KOL HA'MAPIK MAGEN - one who does not pray [lit. eliminates
the Shemoneh Esrei prayer (a) which starts with the *Magen* Avraham blessing
(RASHI); (b) which is like a shield (*Magen*) and protection for the person
3) [line 15] "ACHAI BAGDU KEMO NACHAL ..." - "My brothers have dealt deceitfully like a wadi, and like the watercourses that disappear." (Iyov 6:15) - Rebbi Chanina claims that a flash flood is called "Afik" because is passes by quickly. One should pass over his Tefilah at the time that he is drunk, just as a flash flood passes by.
4) [line 18] "VA'YERA'U AFIKEI MAYIM ..." - "Then the channels of water were seen, and the foundations of the world were laid bare, at Your rebuke, HaSh-m, at the blast of the breath of Your nostrils." (Tehilim 18:16) - Rebbi Yochanan contends that a flash flood is called "Afik" because it is revealed suddenly. One should *not* reveal his Tefilah at the time that he is drunk.
5) [line 21] MASAR SHINTEI L'SHAM'EI - (lit. entrusted his sleep to his attendant) asked his attendant to wake him up when the time to pray arrives
6) [line 25] B'YOMA D'RASACH - on a day that he was angry
9) [line 29] IY AMRAH LI EM KARIV KUSCHA - if my "mother" told me (Abaye was an orphan and he called his nursemaid "Em") "serve the Kutach" (a dip which is prepared by cooking whey with stale bread and salt)
10) [line 30] TO TANA'I - I could not learn properly
13) [line 33] SHINESA - sleep
18) [line 37] MEINAM PURSA - to sleep a little
20) [line 38] V'NEINUM TUVA - and we will sleep very much
22) [line 40] YAZIF U'FARA - would borrow time from the day (to work) and pay it back at night (with learning)
23) [line 42] "VA'EKBETZEM EL HA'NAHAR ..." - "And I gathered them together at the river that runs to Ahavah, and we encamped there for three days; and I inspected the people, and the Kohanim, but found there none of the sons of Levi." (Ezra 8:15) - Ezra recounts that after their journey it took three days for him to come to the level of Binah (understanding). Praying is called Binah since the first blessing in the section of Bakashos (requests) of the Shemoneh Esrei prayer is the blessing for Binah (MAHARSHA).
24) [line 46] SHICHRA - beer
28) [line 50] YAYIN NITAN B'SHIV'IM OSIYOS - the Gematriya, or numeric value
of Yayin is 70
29) [line 52] "TENU SHECHAR ..." - "Give strong drink to the one who is about to perish, and wine to those of heavy hearts." (Mishlei 31:6) - The strong drink (Shechar) is an expression for wine that also hints at the payment (Sechar) for the wicked (the one who is about to perish, i.e. who will have no afterlife). HaSh-m rewards the wicked for any good deeds that they might have done in this world so that they loose their share in the World to Come. The second half of the verse recommends giving wine to mourners to comfort them (MAHARSHA).
30a) [line 3] KOSO - his goblet of wine; if he retains his clarity of mind
after drinking wine
35) [line 16] REGEL HA'MUTERES BI'MKOMAH OSERES SHE'LO BI'MKOMAH
36) [line 24] D'MIRTAS NACHRI - the non-Jew is afraid
39) [line 32] D'LO AGRINA - we cannot rent the Reshus from the Maskir