|(Permission is granted to print and redistribute this material
as long as
this header and the footer at the end are included.)
THOUGHTS ON THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rav Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question about the Daf
ERUVIN 11-15 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) HOUSES AND "CHATZEROS" OPENING INTO A MAVOY
OPINIONS: Rav Nachman states that the only type of Mavoy which can be
permitted by a Lechi or Korah is a Mavoy into which houses and Chatzeros
open. The MISHNAH BERURAH (363:102), citing the Beis Yosef in the name of
the Rashba, explains that the reason is because in order to permit carrying
in a Mavoy with a diminutive Lechi or Korah, the Rabanan required that it be
an area which is used by many people, who will point out to each other the
Lechi or Korah. That is why an adjustment as small as a Lechi or Korah
suffices to permit carrying in it. A Chatzer, though, which is not used by
as many people, requires a larger adjustment (a Pas at least four Tefachim
wide, or two Lechayayim) in order to permit carrying in it. (See also Tosfos
How many houses must open to the Chatzeros in order to constitute a Mavoy
that can be permitted with a Lechi or Korah?
(a) The RAMBAM (Hilchos Shabbos 17:8) writes that a Mavoy is not permitted
with a Lechi if it "only has one house *or* one Chatzer." The Rashba infers
from these words that the Rambam maintains that even *one Chatzer with one
house* suffices. This is the opinion of Shmuel later in the Masechta (Eruvin
72b). However, this is contrary to the opinion cited as the Halachah in our
Sugya, and even Shmuel might agree to this opinion according to the
conclusion of the Gemara later (72b).
HALACHAH: The SHULCHAN ARUCH (OC 363:26) rules in accordance with the Rashba
and most Rishonim, that a Mavoy requires two houses in each of two
(b) RASHI (DH u'Vatim v'Chatzeros) says that there must be *two Chatzeros*
each with at least *one house opening into each*. This is also the opinion
of the RA'AVAD quoted by the Rashba.
(c) The RASHBA strongly disagrees and requires each of the *two Chatzeros*
to have *two houses* open into it. This is also what RASHI says elsewhere
(Shabbos 130b, Eruvin 74a), and this is the opinion of most of the Rishonim.
This article is provided as part of Shema Yisrael Torah Network
Permission is granted to redistribute electronically or on paper,
provided that this notice is included intact.
For information on subscriptions, archives, and other Shema Yisrael
Classes, send mail to firstname.lastname@example.org
Shema Yisrael Torah Network
In the U.S.:
Tel. (908) 370-3344
Fax. (908) 367-6608
Toll free line for dedications: 1-800-574-2646