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1) A RESIDENT OF THE "CHATZER" WHO DIED ON SHABBOS QUESTION: Rabah says that one who forgot to join the Eruv in a Chatzer may be Mevatel his Reshus, but he must be Mevatel his Reshus to every resident in the Chatzer, and not just to one of them. Abaye challenges this from a Beraisa which states that "one who did not join the Eruv may be Mevatel Reshus to *one* who did join the Eruv." Obviously, the Beraisa is referring to a case where there was at least one other person in the Chatzer besides the two individuals mentioned, because it says that one of them made an Eruv, and if there are only two people in the Chatzer and one did not join the Eruv, with whom did the second person make the Eruv? And yet the Beraisa says that the one who forgot needs to be Mevatel Reshus to only *one* person.
Rabah answers that the Beraisa is discussing a case where, at the beginning of Shabbos, there were two others in the Chatzer who had made an Eruv together (besides the person who forgot to join the Eruv), but on Shabbos one of them passed away. When the one who forgot is Mevatel his Reshus to the remaining resident, he *is* being Mevatel to *all* of the [current] members of the Eruv.
If there was another resident of the Chatzer who died on Shabbos, how can Bitul Reshus help to permit carrying in the Chatzer? The heirs of the deceased person inherit his property in the Chatzer, and since they did not join the Eruv, their share in the Chatzer forbids the two residents from carrying in it on Shabbos!
(a) RASHI (DH d'Havah) answers that the Beraisa is referring to a temporary encampment in the wilderness which a group of travelers set up in order to rest over Shabbos. Since each traveler merely pitched his tent there and no one owns the property, there is nothing there for heirs to inherit. When one of the travelers passes away, his share in the make- shift Chatzer goes completely to the remaining residents.
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