POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Gitin 25
GITIN 24 & 25 - have been anonymously dedicated by a very special
Marbitz Torah and student of the Daf from Ramat Beit Shemesh,
1) INVALID GITIN AND CHALITZOS
(a) (R. Elazar): Chalitzah done with the left foot or at
night does not permit her to remarry, but it disqualifies
her from doing Yibum;
2) DIFFERENT KINDS OF BREIRAH
(b) Chalitzah by a minor or with a sock - it does not permit
her to remarry, nor does it disqualify her from doing
(c) (Ze'iri and Rav Asi): Only the get of the last case
disqualifies her from Kehunah.
(d) (R. Yochanan): Even the last case does not disqualify
1. This is consistent with another teaching of R.
(e) It was necessary for R. Yochanan to teach that there is
no Bereirah in both cases.
2. (Rav Asi, citing R. Yochanan): Brothers that divide
an inheritance (of land) - they are considered to
have sold to each other, and every Yovel, they
return the portions they received, and divide the
property again. (If he held of Bereirah, he would
say that each brother inherited the proper portion,
and they need not redivide in Yovel.)
1. Had he only taught regarding a Get - one might have
thought, this is only by a Get, since it says "To
her" - Lishmah, but the Torah only said that a sale
returns on Yovel, not inheritances.
2. Had he only taught regarding inheritance - one might
have thought, this is only a stringency (and by a
Get we are also stringent, to say that it
disqualifies her from Kehunah);
i. Or - one might have thought, inheritances
return in Yovel in order to return to the
original status, even though there is Bereirah.
ii. Therefore, he had to teach both cases, so we
will know that there is no Bereirah at all.
(a) Question (Rav Hoshaya): A man told a scribe to write a
Get for whichever of his wives will leave the door first
- is this valid?
(b) Answer (Rav Yehudah - Mishnah): Even further - Reuven
told a scribe to write a Get for one of his wives, later
he will decide which one - he cannot use it to divorce
1. We see, there is not Bereirah; such a Get is
(c) Question (Rav Hoshaya - Mishnah): A man told his
children: I will slaughter the Pesach sacrifice on behalf
of whichever of you comes first to Yerushalayim - once
the first child enters, he acquires his portion, and his
siblings acquire through him.
1. Question (Rav Yehudah): How can you bring a proof
from the Pesach sacrifice?
(d) Question (Abaye): I do not understand! Rav Hoshaya asked
a case of Bereirah (Get) in which the husband makes the
Get dependent on what others will do (which wife will
leave first) - and Rav Yehudah answered from a case of
Bereirah dependent on the man's own will (whichever wife
he will decide to divorce)!
2. R. Yochanan said, the father was only training them
to be zealous in Mitzvos (really, the father himself
caused each child to acquire his share at the time
3. Support #1: The Mishnah says, once the first child
enters, he acquires his portion, and his siblings
acquire through him.
i. We understand this if they already owned their
shares at the time of slaughter.
4. Support #2 (Beraisa): A case occurred, the daughters
came to Yerushalayim before the sons - the daughters
were zealous, the sons were lowly.
ii. Question: If not - how could they acquire their
iii. (Mishnah): One may be appointed (acquire a
share) on a Pesach sacrifice, or withdraw from
it until it is slaughtered.
1. Further - Rav Hoshaya then rejected the proof, based
on a case dependent on the will of others!
(e) Answer (Rava): Why is this difficult? Perhaps the opinion
that says that there is Bereirah does not distinguish
whether he makes it dependent on his own will or that of
others; and also the opinion that there is no Bereirah
does not distinguish!
(f) Question #1 (Rav Mesharshiya): But we see that R. Yehudah
holds of Bereirah when he ascribes to the will of others,
but not when he makes it dependent on his own will!
1. (Beraisa - R. Meir): One who buys wine from Kusim
(and is not able to separate the tithes before
drinking) says: The 2 Lugim that I will later
separate should be Terumah; 10 Lugim (that I will
separate) - Ma'aser Rishon; 9 Lugim - Ma'aser Sheni.
2. He (Rashi -redeems the Ma'aser Sheni; Tosfos - mixes
the wine) and may drink immediately;
(g) Question #2 (Rav Mesharshiya): Also R. Shimon holds of
Bereirah when he ascribes to the will of others, but not
when he makes it dependent on his own will!
3. R. Yehudah, R. Yosi and R. Shimon say, he must
separate the tithes before drinking.
4. We see, R. Yehudah does not hold of Bereirah when he
ascribes to his own will. The following shows that
he holds of Bereirah when he ascribes to the will of
5. (Mishnah): (A man gave a Get, to take effect
immediately, if he will later die from his
sickness.) R. Yehudah says, in the meantime, we
consider his wife to be fully married; when he dies
(of the sickness), the Get takes effect
1. He does not hold of Bereirah when he ascribes to his
own will - from the above Beraisa of tithing wine.
He does hold of Bereirah when he ascribes to the
will of others from the following.
(h) Answer (to both questions - Rava): Both R. Yehudah and R.
Shimon hold of Bereirah, even when a person ascribes to
his own will.
2. (Beraisa): A man told a woman: 'I will have relations
with you now, to make engagement on condition that
my father agrees' - even if his father does not
agree, she is engaged;
i. R. Shimon bar Yehudah says, R. Shimon says, she
is only engaged if his father agrees.
1. They do not allow relying on Bereirah to tithe wine
for the reason stated in the Beraisa - perhaps the
barrel will break before he separates the tithes,
and he will have drunk Tevel retroactively.
2. R. Meir is not concerned lest the barrel break.