ANSWERS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Gitin 31
GITIN 31 - sponsored by Hagaon Rav Yosef Pearlman of London, England, a
living demonstration of love for and adoration of the Torah.
(a) One may designate fruit to separate Terumos and Ma'sros from it to
exempt other batches of Tevel.
(b) In the event that one discovers the fruit to be no longer there - Rebbi
Elazar ben Shamu allows for a period of twenty-four hours (though what he
means is a matter of opinion, as we shall now see).
(c) According to Rebbi Yochanan, 'Me'es Le'es' means that we assume the
fruit to have been lost only during the twenty-four hours prior to the time
of discovery, but before that, it is assumed to have been there; according
to Rebbi Elazar ben Antignos Mishum Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai - it means
that it is only assumed to have been there for the first twenty-four hours
from the time that he designated it.
(a) According to Rebbi Yehudah, one is obligated to examine the wine that
one has designated on three occasions. Two of them, when the east wind blows
on Motza'ei Succos and when the grapes reach the stage of S'madar - which is
the moment the flowers fall away and the fruit begins to resemble a grape.
(b) The third occasion is 'be'Sha'as K'nisas Mayim be'Bosar' - meaning when
a little juice develops in the S'madar) and it becomes possible to squeeze
some of that juice from it (this is synonymous with the grapes attaining the
size of a Pul ha'Lavan [a white bean]).
(c) 'be'Sha'as K'nisas Mayim be'Bosar' might also refer to the stage -
when, after grinding the Bosar, they tended to add water to it and use it as
(a) In the event that one discovers the designated fruit to be no longer
there, Rebbi Elazar in our Mishnah applied the S'vara of Chazakah to permit
any fruit that was Ma'asered on account of it, in a period of twenty-four
hours (according to the interpretations Rebbi Yochanan and Rebbi Elazar ben
Antignos Mishum Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai respectively). His opinion
however - is not unanimous, since Rebbi Elazar (ben P'das) cites a Mishnah
in Mikva'os, where the Rabbanan, in similar circumstances, dismiss the
S'vara of Chazakah completely, as we shall now see.
When the Rabbanan in Mikva'os say 'Mikveh she'Nimdad ... Kol Taharos
she'Na'asu al-Gabav Lemafre'a ... Teme'os', we need Rebbi Elazar (ben P'das)
to inform us that they argue with Rebbi Elazar (ben Shamu'a) - because we
might otherwise have explained 'Lemafre'a to mean up to twenty-four hours
(either like Rebbi Yochanan or like Rebbi Elazar ben Antignos Mishum Rebbi
Elazar b'Rebbi Yanai.
(b) The Rabbanan in Mikva'os say that if a Mikvah had originally contained
forty Sa'ah, but when measured, was found to be lacking - all the 'Taharos'
that were Toveled in it remain Tamei.
(c) Neither do they differentiate between a Mikvah in a Reshus ha'Yachid or
one that is in a Reshus ha'Rabim - despite the principle of 'Safek Tum'ah
bi'Reshus ha'Rabim Tahor'.
(d) The reason that they do not apply the principle of ...
1. ... Safek Tum'ah bi'Reshus ha'Rabim, Tahor is - because it only applies
when the Tum'ah is be'Safek (such as Safek Naga, Safek Lo Naga), whereas
here the Tum'ah is Vaday (and it is the Taharah which is a Safek).
2. ... Chazakah - because the Mikvah is lacking in front of us (so how can
we say declare it to have been Kasher at any stage. Bear in mind also that
the person or the vessels that Toveled in it have a Chezkas Tum'ah).
(a) We learned in our Mishnah that, according to Rebbi Yehudah, one is
obligated to examine the wine that one has designated when the east wind
blows on Motza'ei Succos. The Tana of the Beraisa qualifies this - confining
it to when the autumn season (Tekufas Tishri) has already begun, but not if
Succos falls early and the summer season has not yet terminated (see Tosfos
After the last of these dates - each day is considered the right time, and
one partner is permitted to sell without consulting the other.
(b) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, gives three dates from when on one may sell
produce or wine - meaning that one partner in a wheat or wine business is
permitted to sell without first consulting the other (because generally,
these are the best times to sell).
(c) Two of the dates vis-a-vis ...
1. ... produce are before the seeding and at the time of seeding (see
Tosfos). The third date is - 'P'ros Pesach' (meaning fifteen days before
(d) By the same token, a partner is permitted to sell oil without consulting
his partner - from Shavu'os and onwards.
2. ... wine are P'ros ha'Pesach and P'ros Atzeres (i.e. Shavu'os). The
third date is - 'P'ros ha'Chag' (i.e. Succos).
(a) The Pasuk in Yonah refers to the east wind (that Hashem blew after the
sun shone) as "Ru'ach Kadim Charishis". Rabah rejects Rav Yehudah's
interpretation of 'a wind that is so powerful that it creates furrows in the
sea' - inasmuch as the Pasuk is currently describing the heat of the
east-wind, not its power.
(b) So Rabah interprets it to mean - the wind that silences (from the Lashon
'Cheresh' [meaning that stops]) the cold that is inherent in all the other
(a) Rav Huna and Rav Chisda were seated when Geniva approached them. The
reason that ...
1. ... one of them proposed that they stand up before him was - because he
was extremely learned.
(b) Geniva quoting ... Rav said that ...
2. ... the other one declined to do so was - because he was a trouble-maker
(as we saw above on 7a.).
1. ... all four winds blow every day - and that if the north wind did not
blow with each of them, the world could not exist.
(c) When Rava went to greet Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov - he was sitting in a
carriage designated for the aristocracy wearing a cloak of Techeiles (the
color of the sky just before nightfall).
2. ... the south wind - is the most powerful of all the winds, and that if
the Angel 'ben Netz' did not slow it down with its wings, it would destroy
(d) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak initially declined to go with him - because he
thought that the person sitting in the carriage was someone from the Resh
Gelusa's entourage, of which he had no need seeing as he himself was the
son-in-law of the Resh Galusa (or because he was extremely wealthy. See
Tosfos DH 'Ana').
(a) The reason that Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov gave for revealing his arm was -
because the east-wind was blowing and he felt hot.
(b) Rava reacted to Rav Nachman bar Ya'akov's statement - by quoting
statements by Rav Shmuel and Rebbi Yochanan in connection with the
(c) Rav said that the east-wind causes a woman to have a miscarriage, and
Shmuel, that it causes the pearls on the sea-bed to rot. Rebbi Yochanan
added - that it even causes the semen inside a woman's stomach to rot.
(d) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak then explained the Pasuk in Hoshe'a "ve'Hu Bein
Achim Yafri, Yavo Kadim ... ". When Hoshei'a said ...
1. ... "ve'Yeivosh Mekoro" - he meant that it causes a woman to have a
2. ... "ve'Yecherav Ma'ayano" - he meant that the east-wind causes the semen
that is inside a woman's stomach to rot.
3. ... "ve'Hu Yishseh Otzar Kol K'li Chemdah" - that it causes the pearls on
the sea-bed to rot.
(a) When Rava commented on Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak's explanation 'Ada
Sura'ah Hu', he meant to say - that this explanation must have emanated from
Sura, where they were experts in Darshening Pesukim.
***** Hadran Alach, Kol ha'Get *****
(b) Rava himself explained the phrase (in the same Pasuk) "ve'Hu Bein Achim
Yafri" to mean that the east wind even separates the handle from the spade.
1. ... Rav Yosef said 'Afilu Sichsa be'Dafna' - he meant that it even pulled
the pegs out of the wall.
2. ... Rav Acha bar Ya'akov mean when he said 'Kanya be'Kufsa Rafya' - he
meant that it even takes apart the reeds that have already been woven into a