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1) [line 1] HORU BEIS DIN LA'AVOR AL ACHAS MI'KOL MITZVOS HA'AMUROS
BA'TORAH - Beis Din (specifically, the Sanhedrin) ruled [to permit the
Jewish People] to transgress one of the Mitzvos written in the Torah (PAR
2) [line 5] PATUR - he is exempt [from offering a Korban Chatas] (KORBAN
1. SHECHITAH - Standing on the floor of the Azarah north of the Mizbe'ach, the Kohen slaughters the animal, making sure to cut two Simanim (the trachea and the esophagus).(c) The Kohanim eat the rest of the Chatas Behemah in the Azarah.
(d) When a Korban Par He'elem Davar is brought, the individuals who sinned are exempt from offering a Korban Chatas.
3) [line 6] TALMID V'HU RA'UY L'HORA'AH - a student [of the Torah sages] who is fit to rule in Halachic matters
4) [line14] MUTARIM ATEM LA'ASOS - you are permitted to perform [this action, i.e this transgression]
5) [line 16] CHAZAR L'IRO - when he (the Zaken Mamrei) returned to his city
1. He is one of the outstanding Torah Sages of his time, authorized to judge and to teach Halachic matters.(c) If these three conditions are fulfilled after having received the proper warnings, he is termed a Zaken Mamrei and is put to death by Chenek (choking). His sentence is carried out in Yerushalayim when Benei Yisrael come for Aliyah la'Regel, on the next holiday, to fulfill the verse, "v'Chol Yisrael Yishme'u v'Yira'u, v'Lo Yezidun Od." - "And all the people of Yisrael shall hear, and fear, and do no more presumptuously [inspired acts]." (ibid. 17:13)
6) [line 18] HORU LAH BEIS DIN L'HINASEI (HETER AGUNA AL PI ED ECHAD)
7) [line 18] KILKELAH - she committed Zenus (extramarital relations)
8a) [line 34] CHELEV (ISUR ACHILAS CHELEV)
b) [line 35] SHUMAN - [permitted] fat (see previous entry)
9) [line 43] "ME'AM HA'ARETZ BA'ASOSAH" - "[And if anyone] of the common people sin unintentionally,] by committing [a transgression...]" (Vayikra 4:27)
10) [line 44] "ASHER LO SE'ASENAH V'ASHEM. O HODA..." - "[...a transgression against any one of the commandments of HaSh-m concerning things] that may not be done, and he becomes guilty. [When his transgression] becomes known to him..." (Vayikra 4:27-28) - These phrases are subsequent to the phrase quoted in the previous entry.
11) [line 45] SHAV MI'YEDI'ASO - one who would abstain and separate himself from a transgression in the first place, had he known that it was prohibited (RASHI to Chulin 5b)
12) [line 46] D'CHI MIS'YADA LEHU L'VEI DINA HADREI VEHU - when it becomes known to Beis Din, they reverse their ruling
13) [line 47] SHE'EINO MASHLIM L'ROV TZIBUR - that he (the person who intended to eat Shuman but his Shuman was switched with Chelev, after the Sanhedrin ruled that Chelev is permitted) does not supplement the count of the people who sinned to achieve the required majority to create an obligation for a Par He'elem Davar (e.g. when half of the people sinned and half did not)
14) [line 47] AD SHE'YEHU KULAN BI'SHEGAGAH ACHAS - until all of them (all of those who sinned) committed the same type of unintentional sin
15) [last line] LO ZO AF ZO KATANI - not only this (the more obvious case) but even this (the less obvious case) is taught
16) [line 1] ZO V'EIN TZARICH LOMAR ZO KATANI - this (the less obvious case) and it goes without saying that this (the more obvious case) is taught
17) [line 13] "BA'ASOSAH ACHAS" - "by committing [a transgression against any] one [of the commandments of HaSh-m]" (Vayikra 4:27) - The Gemara understands that this Beraisa teaches that whenever an individual sins by listening to the ruling of the Sanhedrin, he is exempt from bringing a Korban.
18) [line20] V'KA TA'EI B'MITZVAH LISHMO'A DIVREI CHACHAMIM - and he made a mistake regarding the precept that "it is a Mitzvah to heed the words of the Sages," (by committing a transgression because of their words)
19) [line 23] MEVA'ET B'HORA'AH - one who [consistantly] rejects (lit. kicks at) the Halachic ruling [of the Sanhedrin.] (Such a person is obligated to bring an individual Korban Chatas even though he acts in accordance with the mistaken ruling of the Sanhedrin since he regularly rejects their rulings.)
20) [line 28] "[V']IM NEFESH ACHAS TECHETA VI'SHEGAGAH [ME'AM HA'ARETZ] BA'ASOSAH" - "[And] if anyone [of the common people] sin unintentionally, by committing [a transgression...]" (Vayikra 4:27) - Rebbi Yehudah rules that the words "Nefesh," "Achas" and "ba'Asosah" constitute three "Mi'utim," "exclusions," that limit the scope of the verse, exempting certain transgressors from bringing Korbenos Chatas. The Gemara (Shabbos 93a) states that these three Mi'utim exclude the following cases: 1. With regard to the Melachah of "Ha'Motzi me'Reshus li'Reshus," (see Background to Shevuos 24:8) if one person performs the "Akirah" on an object and another person performs the "Hanachah;" 2. With regard to many Melachos of Shabbos, for example, if two people individually can perform a prohibited action on Shabbos yet they perform it together; 3. With regard to Par He'elem Davar, even if only an individual sins because he listened to the ruling of the Sanhedrin. Our Gemara cites only the last case.
21) [line 32] SHE'EIN BEIS DIN MEVI'IN AL YEDEIHEN PAR - see above, entry #1. According to the Rabanan, the Sanhedrin is not obligated to bring a Korban Par He'elem Davar if only the minority of the people or the minority of the tribes conducted themselves based upon a mistaken ruling of the Sanhedrin permitting an act that carries a Chiyuv Kares.
22) [line 35] SHIGEGAS MA'ASEH - a prohibition performed unintentionally for which the sinner is obligated to offer an ordinary Korban Chatas (see above, entry #2)
23) [line 36] BEIS DIN, MAI AVIDETAIHU? - ... what does Beis Din have to do with it (a case of Shigegas Ma'aseh)?
*24*) [line 40] MI'UT KAHAL SHE'CHAT'U B'SHIGEGAS MA'ASEH - a minority of the Kahal (the Jewish People who live in Eretz Yisrael) sinned *without* being misled by Beis Din's ruling
*25*) [line 42] HA HEN CHAYAVIN - that is, we can infer from the Beraisa (which says that *Beis Din* does not bring its special Korban when the minority were misled by Beis Din), that if the minority were misled by Beis Din's ruling, that minority *is* obligated to bring the usual Korban Chatas (since no other, special, Korban is being brought).
*26a*) [line 46] MAI IRYA DEKA'MEHADAR AL RUBA L'CHIYUVA - why did the
Beraisa find it necessary to prove [only] that when the *majority* of the
Kahal sinned [without being misled by Beis Din] they must bring the usual
28) [line 53] TARVAIHU SETAMEI TENAN - Both of the Beraisos [that argue whether or not a minority who were misled by Beis Din's ruling bring the usual Korban Chatas] were written anonymously