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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Horayos 12

HORAYOS 12-14 - One week of study material has been dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and is dearly missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.


(a) Besides the Shemen ha'Mishchah and the flask containing the Man, which two other things were hidden together with the Aron?

(b) Who ordered whom to hide them?

(c) What does this have to do with the Pasuk in Ki Savo "Yolech Hashem Oscha ve'es Malk'cha ... "?

(d) What caused Yoshiyahu to hide the Aron?

(a) What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' ...
  1. ... "ve'No'adti Lecha Sham Ve'dibarti Itcha me'al ha'Kapores" ("Ve'no'adti *Shamah* li'Venei Yisrael") "Ve'sein *Shamah* Me'lo ha'Omer Man"?
  2. ... "Ve'hanach Oso Lifnei Hashem le'Mishmeres *le'Doroseichem"* "Shemen Mishchas Kodesh Yih'yeh Zeh Li *le'Doroseichem*"?
  3. ... "*le'Mishmeres* le'Doroseichem" "*le'Mishmeres* le'Os li'Venei Meri"?
(b) What problem do we now have with the earlier statement that Yeho'achaz was anointed with the Shemen ha'Mishchah?

(c) How does Rav Papa solve this problem?

(d) The Beraisa describes how kings and Kohanim Gedolim were anointed. What is the difference between them?

(a) Everyone agrees that they would pour oil on the incumbent's head and place oil between his eye-lashes).
What does one Tana learn from the Pasuk in Tzav "Va'yitzok mi'Shemen ha'Mishchah al Rosh Aharon, Va'yimshach Oso Le'kadsho"?

(b) How does the Tana who gives precedence to the anointing, and who learns it from the Holy vessels, on which they anointed (without pouring at all), explain the above Pasuk?

(c) How does the Beraisa explain the Pasuk in Tehilim "ka'Shemen ha'Tov al ha'Rosh ha'Yored al ha'Zakan, Z'kan Aharon"?

(d) What does Rav Papa say happened to the drops of oil whenever Aharon shaved (as the Kohen Gadol was obligated to do every day)?

(e) What is the significance of the Pasuk written in the same Kapitel ...

  1. ... "ke'Tal Chermon"?
  2. ... "Hinei Mah Tov u'Mah Na'im Sheves Achim Gam Yachad"?
(a) What is the significance of anointing a king by a fountain?

(b) Which king was anointed by the fountain of Gichon?

(c) What advice does Rebbi Ami give to someone who wants to know whether he will ...

  1. ... live until the end of the coming year?
  2. ... succeed in the business venture that he is about to undertake?
  3. ... return from the overseas trip that he about to embark upon?
(d) Why is it preferable not to make this last test?
(a) What principle does Abaye learn from all this?

(b) What does he therefore advise one to eat on Rosh Hashanah besides pumpkin, fenugreek and leek?

(c) What did Rav Mesharshaya advise his sons to do ...

  1. ... before attending the Shiur with their Rebbe?
  2. ... whilst the Shiur was in progress?
  3. ... when they studied on their own?
(d) What did he say about ...
  1. ... the trash-heaps of Masa Mechsaya as opposed to the palaces of Pumbedisa? Why is that?
  2. ... eating small, smelly fish as opposed to good strong Kutach (a sharp condiment made of moldy bread, milk and salt)?
(e) What two possible reasons are there for this last piece of advice?
(a) What is the significance of the words "Ramah Karni b'Elokai" that Chanah said in her Tefilah? What does it imply?

(b) What does 'Ramah Karni, ve'Lo Ramah Pachi' mean? What was their practical application?

(a) In the Pasuk in Vayikra "Im ha'Kohen ha'Mashi'ach Yecheta" (in connection with the Par He'elam Davar), why does the Torah need to add ...
  1. ... "Kohen"? What would we have thought had it only written "Mashi'ach"?
  2. ... "Mashi'ach"? What would we have thought had it only written "Kohen"?
(b) What do we then learn from the extra letters in "ha'Kohen ha'Mashi'ach"?

(c) And we base this Limud on Rava, who says "ha'Yerech", 'ha'Meyumenes she'be'Yerech'.
What do we learn from there?

(d) How could the Tana even suggest that "Mashi'ach" means a king, seeing as a king brings a Sa'ir, and not a Par?

(a) We establish that the author of our Mishnah, which distinguishes between a Kohen Mashu'ach and a Merubeh Begadim with regard to a Par He'elam Davar, cannot be Rebbi Meir.
Why is that? What does Rebbi Meir say about a Kohen Gadol Merubeh Begadim?

(b) From where does he learn that?

(c) Rebbi Meir rules in a Beraisa that, when the Kohen ha'Meshamesh becomes Tahor, the Kohen she'Avar continues to perform the Avodah.
What does Rebbi Yossi say? Why is that?

(d) What incident does Rebbi Yossi cite with regard to Yosef ben Eikim from Tzipori (a Kohen Gadol who once became Tamei and whom they replaced)?

Answers to questions



(a) We just established the Reisha of our Mishnah like the Rabbanan and the Seifa like Rebbi Meir.
Is that acceptable?

(b) What does Rav Yosef mean when he establishes the entire Mishnah like Rebbi?

(c) Rava establishes the entire Mishnah like Rebbi Shimon.
On what basis does he do that?

(a) Besides the eight Halachos of a Kohen Gadol discussed in our Mishnah, the Beraisa adds another six that pertain to him exclusively (and not to a Kohen Hedyot). Which two prohibitions pertain to him with regard to Korbanos even though he is permitted to sacrifice them even when he is an Onan?

(b) A Kohen Gadol has first choice in two matters. One of them is that he may choose to sacrifice any Korban that he pleases.
What is the other?

(c) He wears the eight garments of a Kohen Gadol, and only he may perform the Avodas Yom ha'Kipurim.
For which Chiyuv Kareis is he exempt from bringing a Korban Chatas?

(a) From which ...
  1. ... solitary case does the Tana preclude a Merubeh Begadim? With whose opinion does this conform?
  2. ... two cases does he preclude a Kohen she'Avar?
    With whose opinion does this conform?
(b) And what does he add regarding 'Lo Porei'a ve'Lo Poreim, Ein Metamei li'Kerovim, Muzhar al ha'Besulah, Asur be'Almanah, and Machzir es ha'Rotzei'ach'? Why specifically these five?

(c) The last Halachah ('Machzir es ha'Rotzei'ach') is the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah.
What do the Chachamim say?

(d) Rava established this Beraisa (like he did our Mishnah), like Rebbi Shimon.
How does Rav Papa prove this?

(a) The Pasuk in Emor which forbids a Kohen Gadol to let his hair grow long, rent his clothes and render himself Tamei for a deceased relative begins "ve'ha'Kohen ha'Gadol mei'Echav Asher Yutzak al Rosho Shemen ha'Mishchah, u'Milei es Yado Li'lebosh es ha'Begadim".
Which two Kohanim, other than the Mashu'ach, does the Tana of the Beraisa include from this Pasuk?

(b) And what does the Tana learn from the Pasuk ...

  1. ... (in connection with an Onan) "Ki Neizer Shemen Mishchas Elokav *Alav*"?
  2. ... "*ve'Hu* Ishah bi'Vesulehah Yikach"?
(c) This is the opinion of Rebbi Yishmael.
Whom, according to Rebbi Akiva, does "ve'Hu" come to include?
(a) Rava asked Rav Nachman whether a Kohen Gadol who contacts Tzara'as is permitted to marry an Almanah.
What are the two sides to the She'eilah?

(b) Rav Nachman was unable to resolve the She'eilah.
How did Rav Huna his son resolve it from the previous Beraisa?

(c) What was Rav Papa's reaction when he heard that from him?

(a) We already learned earlier that when a close relative dies, a Kohen Gadol performs neither P'ri'ah nor P'rimah, and that he sacrifices Korbanos as usual.
How does our Mishnah qualify the Din of 'Eino Porem'? How does the Tana distinguish between the P'rimah of a Kohen Hedyot, and that of a Kohen Gadol?

(b) Rav and Shmuel both take 'Lema'alah' in our Mishnah (of a Kohen Gadol's P'rimah) literally. Rav explains 'Lematah' literally, too.
What does Shmuel say?

(c) What distinction does the Beraisa draw between the K'ri'ah for parents and for other relatives?

(d) Why does that present Shmuel with a problem?

(a) To solve the problem, we establish Shmuel like Rebbi Yehudah.
What does he say about a tear that does not totally divide the two sections of the garment?

(b) In another Beraisa, Rebbi Yehudah discusses the Pasuk in Emor "es Rosho Lo Yifra, u'Vegadav Lo Yifrom".
What does he mean when he says that if the Pasuk had said 'Rosh' and 'Beged', he would have interpreted it to mean that of a Sotah?

(c) How does he explain the Pasuk now that it says "Rosho" and "Begadav"?

(d) What does Rebbi Yishmael say?

(e) How do we then reconcile Shmuel with Rebbi Yehudah, seeing as he (Shmuel) holds that a Kohen Gadol is obligated to perform K'ri'ah?

(a) What does our Mishnah say about ...
  1. ... one thing that is more common or more holy than another?
  2. ... a case where a Par Mashi'ach and a Par ha'Eidah are both waiting to be sacrificed?
(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk ...
  1. ... in Pinchas "Mil'vad Olas ha'Boker *Asher le'Olas ha'Tamid*" (Abaye)?
  2. ... in Emor "Ve'kidashto" (Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael)?
(c) In which three areas must one give a Kohen precedence?
Answers to questions

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