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Kesuvos 69

KESUVOS 69 (4 Sivan) - This Daf is dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's father, Mr. David Kornfeld, to the memory of the members of his family who perished at the hands of the Rotzchim in the Holocaust and whose Yahrzeit is observed today: his mother (Mirel bas Yakov Mordechai), brothers (Shraga Feivel, Aryeh Leib and Yisachar Dov, sons of Mordecai), grandfather (Yakov Mordechai ben Rav David Spira) and aunt (Charne bas Yakov Mordechai, wife of Moshe Aryeh Cohen).

1) [line 1] BEINEI CHAITEI - (a) between the *lines* of a letter (RASHI); (b) between the *stitches* used to sew the parchments (of various other questions) together (TOSFOS, citing RABEINU CHANANEL)

2) [line 1] HA'ACHIN SHE'SHI'ABDU - brothers who caused properties of their father's estate to be subject to a different person

*3*) [line 24] V'IM ISA NEIMA LEI MAN AMARAH? - that is, if Rebbi Yochanan was not aware of Rebbi's ruling, he should have asked Rebbi Chanina "who is it that said "Motz'in?" (and upon hearing that it was Rebbi, he would have admitted to his mistake).

4) [line 26] D'IKA REVACH BEISA - there is ample revenue in the house (she has sufficient provisions since she inherits half of the estate)

5) [line 29] BAS, YORESHES HAVYA - a daughter's claim of a tenth of the estate is the claim of an heir (and she can collect her claim from any or all of the fields of the estate)

6) [line 30] ILU BA'I L'SALUKAH B'ZUZEI - if the brothers want to give her money in lieu of her share of the property

7) [line 30] HACHI NAMI D'LO MATZI L'SALUKAH? - would you also say that they cannot give her money?!

8) [line 32] BAS, BA'ALAS CHOV HAVYA - a daughter's claim of a tenth of the estate is the claim of a debtor (and the brothers can pay her claim with a field of their choice or money)

9) [line 35] D'SHAM'EI ME'ACHEI - we heard from her brothers

(a) A person may pay his debts by transferring his ownership of a plot of land into the hands of his creditor. For this purpose, Chazal classified plots of land using three levels of quality: Ziburis - the poorest quality, Beinonis - average quality and Idis - the highest quality. Damages (Nezikin) are reimbursed with Idis. Standard loans (Halva'os) and debts (Chovos) are repaid using Beinonis. The value of a Kesuvah or debts owed by orphans for claims on their father's estate are paid using Ziburis.
(b) When a person collects a debt from orphans, he has to take an oath that he did not receive payment from their father.

11) [line 42] ITZTEROVLA - the lower millstone (which is immovable)
12) [line 43] ME'AMLA D'VEISEI - from the rent of houses
13) [line 43] HUNA CHAVRIN, SHELAM - Huna our colleague, Shalom
14) [line 44] ZIL EIMA LEI, UV'SHAMTA YEHEI MAN D'LO AMAR LEI - Go tell him [these words], and if you do not tell him you shall be excommunicated

15) [line 46] U'MAN YASIV BEI MARZEICHAH B'REISHA - and who sits at the head of a table in a house of mourning

16a) [last line] EIMA LI EIZI - Tell me, my close friend, (MAHARSHAL to Bava Metzi'a 70a)


b) [line 1] GUFA D'UVDA HEICHI HAVAH? - what was the incident?
17) [line 6] "EVCHAR DARKAM..." - "I chose out their way, and sat like a chief, and dwelt like a king in the army, like one who comforts the mourners." (Iyov 29:25)

18) [line 9] YINCHAM KESIV - it is written as if it said, "[...like a mourner] who is being comforted."

19) [line 10] "...V'SAR MIRZACH SERUCHIM." - "[Therefore now they shall go into exile at the head of the exiles,] and the revelry of those who stretched themselves [out on their beds (a reference to Amos 6: 4)] shall pass away." (Amos 6:7) - Chazal make a play on the word "v'Sar" ("and it shall pass away"), rendering it as if it were written with the letter Sin ("v'Sar" = "and he will be a minister"). The second half of this verse is thus translated as, "and the Mirzach (the mourner who was Mar v'Zach -- *bitter and distracted*) will be a minister over Seruchim (*important personages* who come to comfort him)."

20) [line 13] HA'MASHLISH MA'OS L'VITO - a person who gives to an agent money with which to buy land when the time comes for her to get married

21) [line 36] TALAH NAFSHEI - he suspended himself
22) [line 36] ISKARYA D'MACHUSA - on the mast of a [ship on which a] sail [hangs]

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