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Kesuvos 103

1) [line 3] D'OGAR LEI REICHAYA L'CHAVREI - who rented a mill to his friend
2) [line 3] LI'TECHINAH - [where the rent payments were to be made] by grinding [the wheat that was needed for the household of the owner of the mill]

3) [line 4] I'ASAR - [the owner of the mill] became wealthy
4) [line 4] ZAVIN REICHAYA V'CHAMRA - he bought a [new] mill with a donkey [to drive the mill]

5) [line 5] HAVAH TACHINENA GABACH - I have had my wheat ground by you [which was your payment for the rental of the mill]

6) [line 6] AMAR LEI, "MITCHAN TACHINENA LACH" - the one who rented the mill said the owner of the mill, "I will continue to grind for you [as payment]."

7) [line 10] KEREISA - stomach
8) [line 12] TECHON V'ZAVIN, TECHON V'OSIV - grind [wheat with the new mill] and sell it, grind [wheat with the old mill as I have done until now] and place it in your house [for your food]

9) [line 18] MADOR - dwelling
10a) [line 24] KARIM - bolster, mattress
b) [line 24] KESASOS - pillows, cushions
11) [line 26] KOL YEMEI MEIGAR ARMELUSICH B'VEISI - all the days of the extent of your widowhood in my house

12) [line 27] BIKASI - my small hut
13) [line 30] NEKITINAN - we have a tradition
14) [line 32] HANICHUNI V'EVNENU MI'SHELI - let me build it from my own money
15) [line 32] SHIPTZAH MAI? - (a) If she renovated it, does she have the right to remain living there as long as it stands, or can they evict her for ignoring the Halachah that prevents her from renovating it? (RASHI); (b) According to the Girsa SHIPTZA (with an Alef instead of a Heh) MAI? - Can she renovate it? (TOSFOS, citing RABEINU CHANANEL)

16) [line 34] BIRKAS HA'BAYIS B'RUBAH - the blessing, prosperity of a household comes when then are many people in the household (because they help one another)

17) [line 36] MASHACH (KINYAN MESHICHAH) - if one moved produce with the intent of buying it
(a) When a person buys or sells an object, he must make a Ma'aseh Kinyan (a formal Halachically-binding act denoting the change in status). The forms of Ma'aseh Kinyan that may be used are: for Metaltelin (movable goods) - 1. Hagbahah, i.e. lifting an item; 2. Meshichah (lit. pulling), i.e. causing an item to move; 3. Chatzer, i.e. bringing the item into one's domain; for Mekarka'in (real estate) - Chazakah, i.e. performing an act that is normally performed by an owner.
(b) Examples of Chazakah are Na'al (locking), Gadar (fencing in) and Paratz (making a breach in a fence to create an entrance) or any act that is done to *enhance* the land, such as digging to improve a field and the like (MISHNAH Bava Basra 42a).

18) [line 36] MADAD - measured
19) [line 37] YIL'OS - chew
20) [line 39] NER YEHEI DALUK BI'MEKOMO - a candle should be lit in its place [near the table]

21) [line 41] CHEFANI - from Haifa
22) [line 41] EFRASI - from Efras (Beis Lechem)
23) [line 46] BEI SHIMSHEI - Erev Shabbos
24) [line 47] SHEVAVTA - (female) neighbor
25) [line 47] KA KARYAH A'BAVA - she was calling at the door
26) [line 47] (SHESIKU) [SHESOKI]! - Be quiet!
27) [line 50] D'KADIM ARSAIHU L'ARSEI - their biers preceded his bier (they died immediately before Rebbi and were buried before him)

28) [line 51] MILSA HAVAI LEHU - they harbored a [hidden] matter [of sin] (that prevented them from serving Rebbi during his funeral)

*29*) [line 52] V'AD HA'IDNA NAMI ZECHUSO D'REBBI HU D'AHANYA LEHU - that is, Rebbi knew that his two Talmidim would die immediately before him. He did not want people to think that they were sinners who would have died long ago if not for the merit of Rebbi, who needed their help and kept them alive until near his death, when he no longer needed them. To the contrary, in truth these Talmidim, who were extremely close to their mentor, Rebbi, merited to die immediately before him so that they should "serve" him after death as well as during his life.


*30*) [line 3] SAVUR MINAH MISHUM TIRCHA HU D'KA'AMAR - that is, originally it was thought that he asked not to be eulogized in the medium-sized cities in order that the villagers should not have to trouble themselves to come. If the eulogies would be delivered only in the very large cities, the villagers, who lived far from those cities, certainly would not feel it necessary to come (RASHI). Alternatively, originally it was thought that he asked not to be eulogized in the medium-sized cities in order not to bother the students to have to bring flutes and the other necessities that are used during eulogies to these cities, which were not well-stocked with such items. That is why he asked for the eulogies to be delivered only in the very large cities, where such tools were commonplace (RA'AVAD, cited by Shitah Mekubetzes).

*31*) [line 6] MISHUM YEKARA HU D'KA'AMAR - that is, he asked not to be eulogized in the medium-sized cities (but rather in the large ones) in order that the eulogies should be few and well-attended, rather than many small crowds in many cities (RASHI). Alternatively, he wanted there to be enough room to accommodate the large crowds that would come for the honor of the Torah (RA'AVAD cited by Shitah Mekubetzes)

32) [line 12] ASHKAVTEI D'REBBI - the funeral and eulogies of Rebbi
33) [line 14] SALIK L'IGRA - he went up to the roof
34) [line 17] TZERICHA L'MEIMAR? - Does it not go without saying [that Raban Gamliel bar Rebbi should be the Nasi]?

35) [line 18] TZERICHA LACH UL'MITLATACH? - Who needs you and your limp?
36) [line 18] MAI KASHYA LEI, HA KERA KA'AMAR! - Why was Rebbi Shimon bar Rebbi bothered about Levi's question? The verse states that the firstborn is chosen as the successor!

37) [line 25] U'MITLA - and he is limping
38) [line 26] V'DARISH KELILA SHARI - and he taught that is it permitted for a woman to go out into Reshus ha'Rabim on Shabbos wearing a Kelila (a tiara, a decorative half-crown worn by brides)

39) [line 29] MEIKAF HAVAH KAYIF LEI - he would have been deferential to Rebbi Afas (RASHI based on RASHASH)

40) [line 30] LO SAGI D'LO MALICH - it would have been impossible (lit. there is no way) for him not to have become the Rosh Yeshiva

41) [line 33] BATLAH KEDUSHAH - (a) Kedushah ceased to exist - Rebbi was known as Rabeinu ha'Kadosh (TOSFOS DH Oso ha'Yom, 1st explanation); (b) the Kedushah of the Kehunah, i.e. the prohibition against Kohanim coming into contact with or being in the same room as Rebbi's body, was suspended on that day (TOSFOS ibid., citing RABEINU CHAYIM KOHEN)

42) [line 36] YERUKIN - pale, yellow or greenish
43) [line 38] CHOLEI ME'AYIM - intestinal disorders
44) [line 40] AFAGREI - overburden him, interrupt him [from performing Mitzvos]
45) [line 40] MINTZU - quarreling
46) [line 42] PILPULI - my erudition
47) [line 42] D'AISINA KISNA - because I bring flax [seed]
48) [line 42] V'SHADYANA - and I plant [them]
49) [line 42] U'MEGADALNA NISHBEI - and I twist [the flax into cords and make] nets [out of it]

50) [line 43] V'TZAYIDNA TAVYA - and I catch deer
51) [line 43] V'ARICHNA MEGILASA MI'MASHCHEI D'TAVYA - and I prepare [parchment for] scrolls from the hides of the deer

52) [line 44] MAKREI DARDEKEI - teachers of elementary school children
53) [line 44] YENUKEI - school boys
54) [line 45] ASNI SIDRACH L'CHAVRACH - teach your Seder [of Mishnayos] to your friend

55) [line 47] SIDREI CHACHMAH - how the wise men are supposed to conduct themselves

56) [line 48] SIDREI NESI'US - how the Nasi is supposed to conduct himself
57) [line 48] NEHOG NESI'USECH B'RAMIM - assert your reign [as Nasi] among the nobles and leaders

58) [line 48] ZEROK MARAH BA'TALMIDIM - make sure that the students fear you

59a) [line 50] TZIPORI - a city in the lower Galilee, approximately midway between Tiberias and Haifa
b) [line 50] BEIS SHE'ARIM - an important city in the times of the Mishnah and the Gemara, located in the lower Galilee southeast of Haifa and to the west of the modern-day Moshav Beis She'arim.

60) [last line] CHALASH - he became sick
61) [last line] (AMTEYUHI) [AMTEYUHU] - they brought him

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