POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Kesuvos 58
1) PROBLEMS THAT MAY INVALIDATE THE SALE
2) THE WIFE OF A KOHEN IS FED TRUMAH
1. If the slave is found to be a thief or gambler - the
sale is valid!
(b) Question: Both according to Ula and Rav Shmuel Bar
Yehudah, she does not eat - what difference is there
2. If the concern is that he is an armed robber, or
will be executed by the king - such things are
(c) Answer #1: If the husband accepted her even if she is
blemished (blemish is not a concern, feeding siblings is
1. Answer #2: The father handed her to the messengers
of the husband (the only concern is a blemish);
2. Answer #3: Messengers of the father went with her
and with messengers of the husband (the only concern
is a blemish).
(a) (Mishnah - R. Tarfon): He may give her all Terumah ...
3) OTHER GIRLS THAT DO NOT EAT
(b) (Abaye): The dispute is by a Bas Kohen married to a Kohen
- but all agree that a Bas Yisrael married to a Kohen
receives half Chulin (regular food).
(c) (Abaye): The dispute is by an engaged girl - but all
agree that after Nesu'in, she receives half Chulin
(d) A Beraisa supports both these laws.
1. R. Tarfon says, he may give her all Terumah; R.
Akiva says, he gives her half Chulin. This applies
to a Bas Kohen engaged to a Kohen; but if she is a
Bas Yisrael, or fully married, all agree that she
receives half Chulin;
2. R. Yehudah Ben Beseira says, she receives 2/3
Terumah, 1/3 Chulin; R. Yehudah says, he gives her
all Terumah, and she sells it to buy Chulin; R.
Shimon Ben Gamliel says, whenever he gives Terumah,
he gives double the quantity.
3. Question: What is the dispute between R. Yehudah and
R. Shimon Ben Gamliel?
4. Answer: How much exertion she will need to sell the
(a) (Mishnah): A Yavam does not enable a Yevamah to eat
1. "(A Kohen's) monetary acquisition" - but she is the
acquisition of his brother.
(b) (Mishnah): If she was engaged 6 months ...
(c) Question: If she does not eat in merit of her husband, we
need not hear that she does not eat in merit of the
(d) Answer: Correct! The 2nd law of the Mishnah (12 months
less 1 day in front of the Yavam) may be learned from the
(e) (Mishnah): This is the first version of the Mishnah ...
(f) Question: Why is the latter Mishnah more stringent?
(g) Answer (Ula; some say, Rav Shmuel Bar Yehudah): We are
concerned, she may have a blemish.
1. We understand, if Ula said this - the first Mishnah
was concerned that she may share her Terumah with
her siblings; the latter, lest she have a blemish.
4) CAN A HUSBAND SANCTIFY HIS WIFE'S EARNINGS?
2. Question: If Rav Shmuel Bar Yehudah said this, this
is the same explanation he gave for the first
3. Answer: They differ, mid'Oraisa we rely on his
relatives checking her for blemishes.
i. The 1st Mishnah relies on this, the 2nd does
(a) (Mishnah): One who declares his wife's earnings Hekdesh -
she may eat what she earns;
(b) R. Meir says, if she makes extra money, it is Hekdesh; R.
Yochanan ha'Sandler says it is not.
(c) (Gemara - Rav): A wife can tell her husband, do not feed
me, and I will not work for you.
1. He holds, the primary decree was that that she
should be fed; he receives her earnings to avoid
(d) Question (Beraisa): It was enacted that he feed her in
return for receiving her earnings.
2. If she wants, this arrangement does not apply.
(e) Answer: Rather, say the enactment was that he receives
her earnings in return for feeding her.
(f) Suggestion: Our Mishnah supports Rav - One who declares
his wife's earnings Hekdesh - she may eat what she earns.
1. Isn't the case, he offers to feed her (but since she
declines, he has no claim to her earnings)?
(g) Rejection: No - he does not offer to feed her.
(h) Question: If so, the law is obvious!
1. Even the opinion that says that one may tell his
slave, 'Work for me, and I will not feed you' - this
only applies to a Kanani slave, but not to a Jewish
slave, by which it says, "As a worker and settler he
will be with you".
(i) Answer: We need to hear the end of the Mishnah - R. Meir
says, if she makes extra money, it is Hekdesh; R.
Yochanan ha'Sandler says it is not.
2. All the more so, one cannot say this to his wife!
(j) Rav Huna argues on Reish Lakish.
1. (Reish Lakish): R. Meir did not say the extra
earnings are Hekdesh because he holds one can make
Hekdesh something which is not yet in the world;
(k) Question: Does R. Meir really hold, a person cannot make
Hekdesh something not in the world?
2. Rather, because he can force her to work, it is as
if he said, 'Your hands are sanctified to their
3. Question: But he didn't say that!
4. Answer: Since R. Meir holds, a person does not speak
in vain, he certainly meant this.
1. (Beraisa - R. Meir): A man tells a woman, 'You are
betrothed to me after I convert'; or, after you
convert; after I am freed; after you are freed;
after your husband dies; after your sister (that I
am married to) dies; after you do Chalitzah - she is
engaged (when the time comes).
(l) Answer: That Beraisa indeed proves, R. Meir says that one
may transfer ownership of something not yet in the world
- but our Mishnah is no proof.
(m) (Mishnah): R. Meir says, the excess is Hekdesh.
(n) Question: When does it become Hekdesh?
(o) Answer #1 (Rav): After she dies.
(p) Answer #2 (Rav Ada Bar Ahavah): During her lifetime.
1. Question (Rav Papa): What is the case?
i. Suggestion: If he is feeding her and giving her
a weekly coin for other needs - why does Rav
say it is not Hekdesh during her lifetime?
2. Answer (Rav Papa): Really, he is feeding her, but is
not paying for other needs.
ii. Suggestion: If he is not feeding her nor paying
for other needs - why does Rav Ada say it is
Hekdesh during her lifetime?