POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kesuvos 66
1) PRIVELEGES A HUSBAND HAS IN HIS WIFE
(a) Question (Rava): R. Akiva says, a wife keeps her extra
earnings - all the more so, an object she finds!
2) APPRAISING THE DOWRY
1. (Mishnah): (A woman says to her husband) 'What I
produce is Konam (forbidden as a sacrifice) to your
mouth' - this vow need not be annulled; R. Akiva
says it should be annulled, perhaps she will produce
(b) Answer: The correct text of the Beraisa switches the
opinions of R. Akiva and Chachamim - a husband receives
an object his wife finds; R. Akiva says, she keeps it.
(c) Question: But Ravin taught, R. Akiva admits that extra
earnings (for which she did not strain herself) belong to
the husband (and presumably, found objects as well) - he
only argues by extra earnings which come through pushing
1. By such earnings, Chachamim say they belong to the
husband; R. Akiva says, she keeps them.
(d) Answer (Rav Papa): A found object is comparable to extra
earnings acquired through strain - on this, Chachamim and
R. Akiva argue.
(e) Question (Rav Papa): If she does 2 jobs simultaneously -
is this considered extra earnings through pushing
(f) Question (Ravina): If she does 3 or 4 jobs simultaneously
- is this considered extra earnings through pushing
1. These questions are unresolved.
(g) (Mishnah): Payments for injury or embarrassment sustained
(R. Yehudah Ben Beseira says, the husband receives ...)
(h) Question (Rava Bar Rav Chanan): Will he also say, a man
receives payments if someone embarrasses his horse?!
(i) Answer: No - a horse does not suffer embarrassment.
(j) Question: If a man spat on someone's garment, will he
have to pay?
1. Suggestion: If you will say yes - but a Mishnah
teaches, 'If he spit and the spit reached the
person, or he uncovered a woman's hair, or took off
a man's cloak - he must pay 400 Zuz'.
(k) Answer: A man suffers no disgrace if his garment is spit
on - he is disgraced when his wife is disgraced.
i. (Rav Papa): He must only pay for spitting if
the spit touched him, not if it landed on his
(l) Question (Ravina): According to this - if a poor man from
a rich family is disgraced - the whole family is
disgraced, do they also receive payments?!
(m) Answer (Rav Ashi): They are not the body that was
disgraced; but a man's wife is as his very self.
(a) (Mishnah): A father who commits himself to give a dowry,
and the Chasan died before Nisu'in - the father can tell
the Yavam, I was willing to give to your brother, but I
do not want to give to you;
(b) If she committed to bring 1000 Dinarim into the marriage,
the Chasan writes in the Kesuvah that he received 1500;
(c) Corresponding to an evaluation of property brought into
the marriage, the Chasan writes that he received 1/5 less
than the appraised value;
(d) If he writes that he received 100 and the goods are truly
worth 100, he cannot demand that she bring in more
(e) If he writes that he received 100, she must bring in
property appraised as 125;
(f) If he writes that he received 400, she must bring in
property appraised as 500;
(g) What the Chasan appraises, he writes 1/5 less than the
3) A WIFE THAT BRONGS MONEY INTO THE MARRAIGE
(h) (Gemara - Beraisa): We need not teach, if the father
promised a dowry to a Chacham, and the Yavam is an
ignoramus (he may say, I wanted to give to your brother,
but not to you);
(i) Even if the dowry was promised to an ignoramus, and the
Yavam is a Chacham, he may say, I wanted to give to your
brother, but not to you.
(j) (Mishnah): If she committed to bring in 1000 Zuz ...
(k) Question: The Mishnah repeats the same case needlessly!
(l) Answer: The Tana teaches that we deduct from a small
appraisal, and from a large one; he teaches that we
deduct from an appraisal made by her relatives, and by
the Chasan himself.
(a) (Mishnah): If she committed to bring money into the
marriage, for each Sela, he writes 6 Dinarim;
4) ONE THAT DOES NOT GIVE ENOUGH TZEDAKAH
(b) The Chasan must give 10 Dinars for the box for every
Maneh she brings in;
(c) R. Shimon Ben Gamliel says, everything goes according to
the local custom.
(d) (Gemara) Question: The previous Mishnah says, if she
enters 1000, he writes 1500 - why must our Mishnah also
teach that he adds a third?
(e) Answer: We need to hear that this applies to a small sum
and to a large sum.
1. If we would only teach a large sum - one might
think, this is because the profit is great, but for
a small sum, he does not add a third!
(f) (Mishnah): The Chasan must give 10 Dinars for the box ...
2. If we would only teach a small sum - one might
think, this is because the expenses and
responsibility are small, but for a large sum, he
does not add a third!
(g) Question: What is this box?
(h) Answer: A box of perfumes.
(i) (Rav Ashi): This only applies in Yerushalayim.
(j) Question (Rav Ashi): Does he contribute 10 Dinars for
every Maneh appraised, or for every Maneh he writes in
1. Question: If you will say, for each Maneh he writes
- is this amount given the 1st day, or every day?
(k) (Rav Yehudah): Chachamim apportioned 400 gold coins for
Nakdimon Ben Guryon's daughter for perfumes.
2. Question: If you will say, for each day - is this
for the 1st week, or every week?
3. Question: If you will say, for each week - is this
for the 1st month, or every month?
4. Question: If you will say, for each month - is this
for the 1st year, or every year?
i. This is not resolved.
1. The daughter: So you should apportion for your
2. Chachamim: Amen!
(a) R. Yochanan Ben Zakai saw a girl gathering barley amidst
the dung of the animals of Arabs. When she saw him, she
cloaked herself with her hair, and asked, 'Feed me'!
1. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: Who are you?
(b) Question: Did Nakdimon Ben Guryon really not give
2. The girl: The daughter of Nakdimon Ben Guryon.
3. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: What happened to the money of
your father's house?
4. The girl: As people say in Yerushalayim - salt (the
way to preserve) money is to deduct (to give to
Tzedakah); others say, to do Chesed with it.
5. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: What happened to the money of
your father-in-law's house?
6. The girl: Since it was mixed with money of my
father's house, it was also lost. Do you remember
when you signed on my Kesuvah?
7. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai: Yes! Your father gave 1
million gold dinars, and your father-in-law also
i. R. Yochanan Ben Zakai wept. 'Happy are you,
Yisrael - when you do Hash-m's will, no nation
can rule over you; when you do not do his will,
he puts you in the hands of a lowly nation -
worse than this, in the hands of the animals of
a lowly nation.
1. (Beraisa): When Nakdimon Ben Guryon walked to the
Beis Medrash, they would spread silk garments before
him, and the poor would take them!