POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kesuvos 103
1) WHEN ONE DOES NOT NEED AS HE STIPULATED
(a) (Rhetorical question): Why did the Mishnah say, to where
her mother is?
2) THE WIDOW REMAINS WHERE SHE WAS LIVING
(b) Answer: To teach, a daughter, big or small, is raised by
(c) (Mishnah): Both husbands cannot say ...
(d) Reuven rented a mill to Shimon - they fixed that in lieu
of paying, Shimon would grind Reuven's grain. Reuven
waxed rich, and bought a mill and a donkey to grind.
1. Reuven: Until now, you were grinding for me - now,
pay me money.
(e) (Ravina): This is as our Mishnah - the husbands cannot
say, we will feed her together, rather one feeds her, and
the other gives her the monetary equivalent.
2. Shimon: No, I will continue to grind for you.
(f) Question (Rav Avira): The cases are different! A girl has
no use for 2 portions of food - but Shimon can tell
Reuven, use your grinder to grind and sell to others, and
I will grind for you!
1. This only applies if Shimon cannot find people that
will pay him to grind for them; if he could find
such people, in such a case, we prevent people from
acting as in Sodom (where people refused to help
others, even if they would not lose themselves).
(a) (Mishnah): A widow that says, I do not want to leave my
late husband's house - the orphans cannot say, 'Return to
your father's house; and we will feed you there' -
rather, they feed her, and give her living quarters
according to her honor;
3) REBBI'S PASSING
(b) If she says, I want to stay in my father's house - the
orphans can say, 'If you are by us, we will feed you; if
not, we will not feed you'.
1. If she claims that she must stay in her father's
house (to avoid suspicion) because both she and they
are young, they feed her in her father's house.
(c) (Gemara - Beraisa): She lives in the house as in her
husband's lifetime - the same applies to using slaves,
pillows and blankets, and gold and silver vessels.
1. The husband wrote in the Kesuvah - 'You will live in
my house and be fed from my property your entire
(d) (Rav Yosef): 'In my house' - and not in my hut.
(e) (Rav Nachman): Orphans that sold a widow's quarters, the
sale is invalid.
(f) Question: Why is this different than R. Asi's law?
1. (R. Asi): Orphans that sold property of a small
estate (i.e. it does not suffice to feed the
children until the daughters grow up), the sale is
(g) Answer: There, there was no lien on the property in the
father's lifetime; here, there was.
(h) (Abaye): The law is, if the quarters of a widow fell, the
heirs need not rebuild it.
1. Support (Beraisa): If the quarters of a widow fell,
the heirs need not rebuild it; further, if she wants
to rebuild it herself, they can stop her.
(i) Question (Abaye): What if she strengthened it before it
fell (Rashi; Tosfos - may she strengthen it before it
1. This question is unresolved.
(j) (Mishnah): If she said (I want to remain by my father)
(k) Question: The orphans should feed her there!
(l) Answer: The Mishnah supports Rav Huna.
1. (Rav Huna): (More) blessing rests on a bigger
(m) Question: They should feed her, less what they lose
because the household is smaller!
(n) Answer: Indeed, they do.
(o) (Rav Huna): From the words of Chachamim, one learns the
way to blessing, wealth, and cures.
1. Blessing - as we taught.
2. Wealth - (Mishnah): Reuven is selling fruit to
Shimon. If Shimon pulled the fruit to his domain but
did not measure it, he acquired it; if he measured
it but did not pull it, he did not acquire it.
i. If he is clever, he rents the place of the
fruit (and acquires it right away).
3. Cures - (Mishnah): A person may not chew wheat on
Pesach and put it on a wound, because the wheat will
(a) (Beraisa): When Rebbi passed away, he instructed his
sons: Be careful to honor your mother; leave a light
burning in my place, and the table and bed set; Yosef
Chafni and Shimon Efrati served me in my lifetime, they
will serve me in my death.
1. Question: 'Honor your mother' - why did he need to
tell them this, it is mid'Oraisa!
(b) (Beraisa): Leave a light burning in my place, and the
table and bed set.
2. Answer: He meant, his wife (even though she was not
3. Question: This is also mid'Oraisa!
i. (Beraisa): "Honor Es your father v'Es your
mother" - The 1st "Es" comes to include your
father's wife; the 2nd, your mother's husband;
the 'Vav' - your older brother.
4. Answer: The Torah only commands to honor the spouse
of a parent in the lifetime of the parent.
(c) Question: Why did Rebbi request this?
(d) Answer: Every week, when Shabbos entered, Rebbi returned
to his house.
1. Once, a neighbor was calling on the porch - Rebbi's
slave asked her to be quiet, lest she disturb Rebbi.
(e) (Beraisa): Yosef Chafni and Shimon Efrati served me in my
lifetime, they will serve me in my death.
i. Rebbi stopped coming, so people should have
improper thoughts about previous Tzadikim that
did not return.
(f) People thought, Rebbi meant that they would serve him in
this world (in his burial). When they saw that Yosef and
Shimon died before Rebbi, they realized, he meant that
they will serve him in the world to come.
1. He knew that they would die before him. He feared
that people would suspect that Yosef and Shimon did
not have merits of their own, and just lived in
Rebbi's merit, and therefore, they did not merit to
participate in his funeral.
(g) Rebbi charged Chachamim: 'Do not eulogize me in medium
cities; 30 days after my death, people should learn; my
son Shimon is the Chacham, my son Gamliel will be Nasi,
and Chanina Bar Chama will head the academy.
2. To show that this was wrong, he made it known that
they would serve him in the next world.
4) THE LEADERS AFTER REBBI
1. People thought that Rebbi did not want to be
eulogized in medium cities (but rather in villages),
to make things easier for them.
(h) '30 days after my death, people should learn' - he
reasoned, people should not mourn over me longer than
Moshe Rabeinu - "Bnei Yisrael cried over Moshe ... for 30
2. When they saw that he was eulogized in the great
cities, and everyone came, they realized that his
intention was to increase the honor.
1. For 30 days, they eulogized Rebbi day and night.
After that, he would be eulogized by day and they
learned at night, or vice-versa.
(i) The day Rebbi passed away, a voice from Heaven
proclaimed, all that were at the passing of Rebbi is
prepared for the world to come.
2. This continued for 12 months.
1. There was a launderer that used to come in front of
Rebbi every day. The day Rebbi expired, he did not
come. When he heard, he jumped of the roof out of
(j) Question: 'My son Shimon is the Chacham' - what was Rebbi
i. A voice from Heaven declared that the launderer
is also prepared for the world to come.
(k) Answer: Even though Shimon is the bigger Chacham, Gamliel
will be the Nasi.
(l) Question (Levi): Did Rebbi really need to say this?
(m) Answer (Shimon): Yes!
(n) Question: Why? "He gave the kingship to Yehoram, since he
was the firstborn".
(o) Answer: Yehoram filled his father's place - but Gamliel
(p) Question: Why did Rebbi make him Nasi?
(q) Answer: Gamliel did not fill his father's place regarding
learning, but regarding fear of sin, he did.
(a) 'Chanina Bar Chama will head the academy' - but Chanina
refused, because R. Efes was 2 1/2 years older.
1. R. Efes led the academy, and R. Chanina sat outside;
Levi learned with R. Chanina outside.
(b) Question: R. Chiya was around - why didn't Rebbi appoint
him to lead the academy?
2. R. Efes died; R. Chanina then led the academy, and
Levi had no one to learn with, so he went to Bavel.
i. They told Rav that a great Chacham arrived in
Nehardai; he limps, and he rules that a bride's
crown may be worn outside on Shabbos.
ii. Rav: It must be, R. Efes died; R. Chanina led
the academy, and Levi had no one to learn with,
so he came to Bavel.
iii. Question: How did Rav know this? Maybe R.
Chanina died, and Levi had no one to learn
with, so he came to Bavel!
iv. Answer #1: Levi would sooner have been
submissive to learn in the academy under R.
Efes rather than come to Bavel.
v. Answer #2: Since Rebbi said that R. Chanina
would head the academy, it had to happen - "(A
Tzadik) decrees and it will be fulfilled".
(c) Answer #1: R. Chiya had already died.
1. Objection: But R. Chiya said, 'I saw Rebbi's coffin
and cried over it'!
(d) Answer #2: We need not switch the Beraisos - Rebbi did
not appoint R. Chiya leader of the academy, so he should
not distract him from Mitzvos.
2. Answer: The Beraisa must be switched (Rebbi cried
over R. Chiya's coffin.)
3. Objection: But R. Chiya said, 'The day Rebbi died,
4. Answer: The Beraisa must be switched.
5. Objection (Beraisa): When Rebbi got sick, R. Chiya
came to visit him; and found him crying.
i. R. Chiya: Why are you crying?
6. Answer: The Beraisa must be switched.
A. (Beraisa): If one dies amidst laughter, it is a
good sign; amidst crying, it is a bad sign;
ii. Rebbi: I am crying because of the Torah and
Mitzvos I will no longer have.
B. If his face is up, it is a good sign; if his
face is down, it is a bad sign;
C. If he is facing the people, it is a good sign;
if he is facing the wall, it is a bad sign;
D. If his face is green, it is a bad sign; if his
face is radiant and red, it is a good sign;
E. If he dies on Erev Shabbos, it is a good sign;
after Shabbos, it is a bad sign;
F. If he dies on Erev Yom Kipur, it is a bad
sign; after Yom Kipur, it is a good sign;
G. If he dies from stomach sicknesses, it is a
good sign, since most Tzadikim die from stomach
1. R. Chanina claimed precedence over R. Chiya, because
he was learned enough to return Torah to Yisrael if
it would be forgotten;
(e) Before he died, Rebbi taught Shimon the ways of Chachmah.
2. R. Chiya claimed precedence over R. Chanina, because
he ensured that Torah would not be forgotten!
i. R. Chiya planted flax, set traps, caught deer,
fed the meat to orphans, made parchments from
the skin, and he went to a city that did not
have teachers for children. He wrote each book
of the Torah on a parchment. He took 5
children, and taught each 1 book of the Torah;
he took 6 children, and taught 1 order of the
Mishnah to each.
3. Rebbi: How great are the deeds of R. Chiya!
ii. He told each child to teach what he knew to the
4. Shimon (Rebbi's son): Are they greater even than
5. Rebbi: Yes.
6. R. Yishmael b'Rebbi Yosi: Are they greater than my
7. Rebbi: Do not say such a thing.
(f) Before he died, Rebbi taught Gamliel how the Nasi should
1. 'Conduct among the great ones, and instill fear in
(g) (Beraisa): Rebbi was in Tzipori, and his grave was
prepared in Beis She'arim.
2. Objection: It is taught - "He will honor those that
fear Hash-m" - this is Yehoshafat, who would rise
from his throne to hug and kiss Chachamim, and would
greet them 'Rebbi, Rebbi, my teacher, my teacher'!
3. Answer: That was in private - in public, one
instills fear in them.
(h) Question (Beraisa): "Pursue righteousness" - go to a
qualified judge, such as Rebbi in Beis She'arim ...
(i) Answer: Rebbi was in Beis She'arim; when he got sick,
they took him to Tzipori, since it is elevated, and had