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Previous daf Kidushin 36
KIDUSHIN 36-40 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
1) [line 5] NISHTOK KRA MINEI - the verse should remain silent from it (i.e.
from the Gezeirah Shavah)
2) [line 10] AFILU KARACH ARBA V'CHAMESH KERACHOS - even if he tore four or
five bald spots
3) [line 23] NICHTOV KRA "KERACH" - the verse should write "Kerach" (and not
"Karchah," with the additional "Heh" at the end)
4) [line 34] BI'ZEMAN SHE'ATEM NOHAGIM MINHAG BANIM, ATEM KERUYIM BANIM - at
a time when you are acting in the manner of children [with respect and
obedience towards HaSh-m], you are called "children"
5) [line 38] "BANIM SICHLIM HEMAH" - "They are foolish children." (Yirmeyahu
6) [line 38] "BANIM LO EMUN BAM" - "Children in whom there is no
trustworthiness." (Devarim 32:20)
7) [line 38] "ZERA MERE'IM, BANIM MASHCHISIM" - "Seed of evildoers, children
who act destructively." (Hoshea 2:1)
8a) [line 40] SICHLEI HU D'MIKREI BANEI - only when they act foolishly are
they called "children"
b) [line 40] KI LEIS BEHU HEMNUSAIHU - [but] when they do not have
trustworthiness [they are not called "children"]
9) [line 42] KI FALCHU - when they worship
10) [line 45] SEMICHOS (SEMICHAH)
(a) Semichah refers to the Mitzvah for a person to press his hands with all
his might on the head of his animal sacrifice (and not a bird sacrifice)
before it is slaughtered, as described in Vayikra (1:4).
(b) Women are not required to perform Semichah since the verse states,
"Daber El Benei Yisrael...v'Samach" - "Speak to the sons of Yisrael (and not
to the daughters)...and he shall perform Semichah" (Vayikra 1:2-4).
11) [line 45] TENUFOS (TENUFAH)
Waving portions of certain Korbanos and meal-offerings is called Tenufah;
the Kohen, together with the owner of the Korban (when it is not a Korban
Tzibur), waves them in all four directions and up and down (RASHI Menachos
62a DH Molich. TOSFOS to Sukah 37b DH Kedei, ponders whether all Tenufos
were done in this fashion, or whether some Tenufos only required lifting and
12) [line 45] HAGASHOS (HAGASHAH)
When a Korban Minchah (flour offering) is offered, a Kohen must take the
utensil containing the Minchah and touch it to the southwest corner of the
13) [line 45] KEMITZOS (KEMITZAH)
(a) When an individual who is not a Kohen offers a Korban Minchah (flour
offering), a Kohen must take off a Kometz (handful), which is burned upon
(b) A Kometz is the amount that can be held by the middle three fingers when
they are pressed upon the palm. The Kohen puts his hand in the dough or
baked goods and removes one handful. He next wipes off the dough or baked
goods that stick out, using his thumb and smallest finger, until only the
(c) The remainder of the Minchah (the Sheyarei ha'Minchah) is eaten by male
(d) A Minchah that is brought by the Tzibur, a Minchah offered by a Kohen,
and a Minchah that is brought together with an animal Korban (the Minchas
Nesachim -- see Background to Sotah 15:9) are entirely burned on the
14) [line 45] HAKTAROS (HAKTARAH)
Haktarah refers to the burning of all or part of a Korban on the Mizbe'ach.
15) [line 45] MELIKOS (MELIKAH)
Birds that were brought as Korbanos were not slaughtered from the neck.
Instead, the Kohen performed Melikah by cutting the back of the neck of the
bird with his right thumbnail, making sure to cut both Simanim (the trachea
and the esophagus) of the Olas ha'Of or one Siman (either one) of the Chatas
ha'Of. When performing Melikah on the Chatas ha'Of he would make sure not to
sever the entire neck of the bird.
16) [line 46] KABALOS (KABALAH / KABALAS HA'DAM)
The offering of a Korban is comprised of four main actions. These four
"Avodos" are Shechitah (slaughtering), Kabalas ha'Dam (collecting the blood
of the Korban that will be cast on the Mizbe'ach), Holachah (carrying the
blood towards the Mizbe'ach) and Zerikah (casting the blood on the outer
17) [line 46] HAZA'OS (HAZA'AH)
Haza'ah in our Mishnah refers to the procedure of sprinkling the blood of a
Chatas ha'Of (bird offering) on the Mizbe'ach (Gemara 36b). The blood is
sprinkled directly from the neck of the bird onto the Mizbe'ach.
18) [line 46] MINCHAS SOTAH
The Minchas Sotah is the meal-offering brought by the husband of a Sotah
during the Sotah procedure (see Background to Gitin 60:17). The husband must
bring his wife to the Beis ha'Mikdash along with a sacrifice consisting of
1/10 of an Eifah (approx. 2 quarts) of barley meal as a Minchah offering.
Before this Minchah offering is burned, the woman and the Kohen perform
Tenufah with it (Sotah 19a).
19) [line 46] NEZIRAH (NAZIR)
When a Nazir completes his period of Nezirus, he must offer three
sacrifices: a male sheep as an Olah, a female sheep as a Chatas, and a ram
as a Shelamim. Together with the Shelamim he brings 6 and 2/3 Esronos of
Soles (fine flour), which are made into 20 loaves of Matzah, 10 Chalos
(unleavened loaves of Matzah) and 10 Rekikin (flat Matzos). The Nazir, with
a Kohen, performs Tenufah with the one Chalah and one flat Matzah together
with the right foreleg of the cooked ram (Bamidbar 6:19-20). (SEFER
20) [line 2] PARAH (PARAH ADUMAH/HAZA'AH)
(a) The Parah Adumah, an exclusively red-haired female cow is burned on Har
ha'Zeisim and its ashes are used for making a person Tahor if he is Tamei
Mes. Only a cow that has not had a yoke placed upon it and has had no other
work done with it is fit to be used as a Parah Adumah. A place is prepared
for its slaughter on Har ha'Zeisim, opposite the gate to the Azarah (the
courtyard of the Beis ha'Mikdash). After it is slaughtered, its blood is
sprinkled in the direction of the Beis ha'Mikdash seven times. This is the
"Haza'ah" to which the Gemara now suggests the Mishnah is referring. A cedar
branch, some Ezov branches and a piece of crimson wool are thrown into the
carcass of the cow while it is burning. (Bamidbar 19:1-22)
(b) If a person (or utensil) became Tamei through touching Tum'as Mes or
being in the same room as a Mes or something that is Metamei b'Ohel, he must
wait seven days to become Tahor. On the third and seventh days he must have
spring water mixed with the ashes of the Parah Adumah (Mei Chatas) sprinkled
on him. A person who is Tahor dips three Ezov branches that have been bound
together into the mixture, and sprinkles them on the person who is Tamei. On
the seventh day, he immerses in a Mikvah after the mixture is sprinkled on
him in order to complete his Taharah. (Bamidbar 19:17-19)
21) [line 2] "ELAZAR" KASUV BAH - the Torah limits the Haza'ah of the blood
of the Parah Adumah to "Elazar" (Bamidbar 19:4), i.e. the Segan or deputy
Kohen Gadol. That is, HaSh-m commanded that the first Parah Adumah be
prepared by the Segan. The Tana'im argue as to whether the subsequent ones
were commanded to be prepared only by the Kohen Gadol or even by ordinary
Kohanim, i.e. the Segan and the Kohanim Hedyotos (RAMBAN to Bamidbar 19:3,
citing Sifrei Chukas 8). The Mishnah (Parah 3:5) records that only six
Kohanim were involved with preparing Paros Adumos after Moshe Rabeinu. All
of them were Kohanim Gedolim.
22) [line 2] PENIM (HAZA'AS PENIM) - the sprinkling of the blood of certain
Korbanos bi'Fnim (inside) of the Mishkan or the Beis ha'Mikdash. Rashi
brings two examples:
[I] PAR KOHEN MASHI'ACH
(a) The Par Kohen Mashi'ach is the young bull brought as a Korban Chatas by
a Kohen Gadol who transgresses an Isur Kares thinking that the Torah did not
prohibit such an act. (The bull is brought by a Kohen Gadol for the same
sins that a Par He'elem Davar (see next entry, (a)) is brought when the
people commit transgressions upon being misled by Beis Din in a Halachic
[II] PAR HE'ELEM DAVAR SHEL TZIBUR
(b) The blood of the bull is sprinkled seven times on the Paroches, and is
applied to the Keranos (raised corners) of the Mizbe'ach ha'Ketores in the
Heichal. This is the "Haza'ah" to which the Gemara now suggests the Mishnah
is referring. The Sheyarei ha'Dam (the remainder of the blood) is poured on
the Western Yesod (foundation) of the Mizbe'ach while the Eimurim are
offered on the Mizbe'ach ha'Chitzon.
(c) The meat of the bull, together with the other parts that are not
sacrificed, is burned outside of the city of Yerushalayim (Vayikra 4:3-12).
Those who carry the carcass out of the Azarah are Metamei Begadim.
(According to Rebbi Shimon, Yoma 67b, those who are involved in burning the
meat are Metamei Begadim.)
(a) The Sanhedrin (the Jewish Supreme Court) must bring a Korban if they
issued a mistaken ruling permitting an act that carries a Chiyuv Kares and
the Jewish people in Eretz Yisrael (the majority of the people or the
majority of the tribes) conducted themselves based on this ruling. The sages
bring a young bull as a Chatas on behalf of each of the tribes. The people
are exempt, since they relied on the Beis Din ha'Gadol. If the sin committed
was idolatry, the sages bring a young bull as an Olah and a goat as a Chatas
for each tribe. Each of these bulls is called a Par He'elem Davar Shel
Tzibur (RAMBAM Hilchos Shegagos 12:1).
23) [line 3] "HA'KOHEN HA'MASHI'ACH" KASUV BAH - the Torah (Vayikra 4:5, 16)
limits the sprinkling of the blood of "Penim" (see previous entry) to the
"anointed Kohen," i.e. the Kohen Gadol
(b) The blood of these bulls was sprinkled in the Heichal on the Paroches
and the Mizbe'ach ha'Zahav. This is the "Haza'ah" to which the Gemara now
suggests the Mishnah is referring. The Sheyarei ha'Dam (the remainder of the
blood) was poured on the Western Yesod (foundation) of the Mizbe'ach. The
remains of the bulls were burned outside of the city of Yerushalayim
24) [line 3] HAZA'AH D'VEN OF (CHATAS HA'OF: MELIKASO V'HAZA'ASO) - the
sprinkling of the blood of a bird offering on the Mizbe'ach (as mentioned in
(a) The offering of the Chatas ha'Of (e.g. in Vayikra 5:8-9) consists of
1. MELIKAH - Standing on the floor of the Azarah near the southwestern
corner of the Mizbe'ach, the Kohen cuts the back of the neck (*Orpo* -
similar to the word Arifah) of the bird with his right thumbnail. He makes
sure to cut one Siman (either the trachea or the esophagus), but not to
sever the entire neck of the bird.
(b) The Chatas ha'Of is eaten by the Kohanim on the day that it is offered
and the following night. No part of it was burned on the Mizbe'ach.
2. HAZAYAH - The Kohen sprinkles its blood on the Mizbe'ach (directly from
the neck of the bird), below the Chut ha'Sikra (red line) that is located
halfway up the Mizbe'ach.
3. MITZUY - The Kohen presses the cut neck of the bird to the Mizbe'ach and
squeezes its remaining blood onto the Mizbe'ach.
25) [line 4] BEN TZON (SHECHITASO V'HAZA'ASO)
A Korban offering of a sheep or goat does not need to be slaughtered by a
Kohen. It may be slaughtered by a Yisrael, but yet requires that a Kohen
cast its blood on the Mizbe'ach (Vayikra 1:11)
26) [line 8] REBBI YOSHIYAH D'DAREI - Rebbi Yoshiyah of his generation; i.e.
Rebbi Yoshiyah the Amora (and not Rebbi Yoshiyah the Tana who was also alive
at the time; Rebbi Elazar who is mentioned here is Rebbi Elazar ben Pedas,
the Amora, and not Rebbi Elazar ben Shamu'a the Tana)
27a) [line 8] LO SEISIV! A'KAR'ACH! - Do not sit down, [but rather stand] on
your feet! (TOSFOS to Nazir 24b DH Amar)
b) [line 9] AD D'AMART LI L'HA SHEM'ATA - until you explain to me this
28) [line 11] TENUFAH B'VA'ALIM - the Tenufah procedure is done by the owner
(of the Minchah offering that is being waved)
29) [line 14] "YADAV TEVI'ENAH" - "His (the owner's) hands shall bring it."
30a) [line 15] KOHEN MACHNIS YADO TACHAS YAD BE'ALIM U'MENIF - (a) the Kohen
places his hands underneath (and touching) her hands (TOSFOS Sotah 19a DH
v'Chohen, RASHI Kesav Yad to Menachos 94a DH Nisma'atah). (This is
permissible even if the Kohen is young because the Yetzer ha'Ra has no power
for that short moment -- YERUSHALMI cited by TOSFOS ibid.); (b) the Kohen
places his hands underneath her hands with a cloth intervening between their
hands; (TOSFOS ibid., alternate explanation, as understood by the MINCHAS
SOTAH); (c) the Kohen places his hands *lower* than her hands, at the bottom
of the bowl, while she holds the edges of the bowl (and they do not touch)
(TOSFOS Menachos 61b DH Kohen; see there how Tosfos shows that this is even
the intention of the Yerushalmi)
b) [line 16] U'MENIF - and he waves it [in all four directions and up and