POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kidushin 20
1) A SLAVE LEAVES AS HE ENTERED
(a) (Beraisa): "If (a slave) enters b'Gapo, he will leave
b'Gapo" - if he enters b'Gufo (with his body), he will
2) THE REDEMPTION PRICE
1. R. Eliezer ben Yakov says, if he entered single, he
will leave single.
(b) Question: What does it mean 'if he enters b'Gufo, he will
(c) Answer (Rava): This teaches that he does not go free if
the master destroys one of his limbs as a (Canaanite)
1. Question (Abaye): We know that from "He will not
leave as (Canaanite) slaves"!
(d) Question: What does R. Eliezer ben Yakov mean 'if he
entered single, he will leave single'?
2. Answer: If only from there, one might have thought
that he receives payment for the lost limb and
leaves (whereas Canaanite slaves leave without
payment) - our verse teaches that he does not go
free at all.
(e) Answer (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): His master can mate
him with a Shifchah only if the slave entered with a wife
(a) (Beraisa): A slave was sold for 100, and later his value
rose to 200 - his redemption is based on his purchase
price (he pays according to the remaining years at the
rate of 100 for 6 years);
1. We learn this from "From the money of his purchase".
(b) If he was sold for 200, and his value went down to 100 -
his redemption is based on his current value (he pays for
the remaining years at the rate of 100 for 6 years);
1. We learn this from "According to his years".
(c) These verses are by a slave sold to a Nochri - since
relatives are commanded to redeem him, we are lenient;
(d) Question: How do we know the same applies when he is sold
to a Yisrael?
(e) Answer: From a Gezeirah Shavah "Sachir-Sachir'.
(f) Question: We could have expounded the above verses
stringently (that we always calculate from the higher
value) - how do we know to be lenient?
(g) Answer (Abaye): Since the Torah demands nice treatment of
the slave, it is lenient by redemption also.
1. "It is good for him with you" - regarding food and
(h) Question: Perhaps that is only so the slave will not
suffer - but we are stringent regarding redemption,
because the slave became a slave through sin!
i. The master cannot enjoy food, drink, or
sleeping accommodations of higher quality than
ii. Buying a Hebrew slave is as buying a master!
1. Beraisa (R. Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina): Light
transgressions of Shemitah are punished very
2. One who does business with Shemitah produce will
have to sell his movable objects;
i. It says "In the Yovel year...when you will
sell...from the hand of your fellow man" - this
refers to Metaltelim, which are sold from hand
3. If he does not feel (that he is being punished), he
will have to sell his fields - "When your brother
will wax poor and sell from his inheritance".
4. He will not understand (to repent) until he sells
his house - "When he will sell a house".
i. Question: Why did the Tana say 'If he does not
feel', and at the next stage 'He will not
5. He will not understand until he sells his daughter -
"When a man will sell his daughter".
ii. Answer: As Rav Huna taught - once a person
repeats a sin, it becomes permitted to him.
iii. Objection: That cannot be!
iv. Answer: Rather, it becomes permitted in his
i. Even though this verse does not appear in this
Parsha, the Tana teaches that it is better to
sell one's daughter than to borrow with
6. He will not understand until he borrows on interest
- "When your brother will wax poor...do not take
from him usury".
ii. Question: Why?
iii. Answer: The redemption of one's daughter
decreases over time, she eventually will go
free (for free); a loan on interest keeps
7. He will not understand until he sells himself -
"When your brother will wax poor and be sold to
i. Not only will he be sold to you (a Yisrael),
but even to a Ger - "To a Ger";
ii. The Ger referred to is not a convert, rather a
law-abiding Nochri - "A resident Ger";
iii. He will even be sold to a Nochri that does not
keep his laws - "The family of a Ger".
iv. He will even be sold to service idolatry -
(i) Answer (Abaye): The Torah later instructs us to have
mercy on him.
3) PARTIAL REDEMPTION
1. Beraisa (Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): One might have
thought, once he became a servant of the idolatry,
he should not be redeemed - "There will be
redemption for him".
(j) Question: Perhaps he is redeemed so he will not be drawn
after the idolaters - but we are stringent regarding the
redemption price, because of his sins!
(k) Answer (Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak): It says "If there is
multitude in years (remaining)", and also "If there is
sparseness in years (remaining)".
1. Question: Can a year be multitudinous or sparse?!
(l) Question: Why not say - if he worked 2 years, and 4
remain, he pays for the 4 years according to his purchase
2. Answer: Rather, if his value increased - the
redemption is based on the purchase price; if his
value decreased, the redemption is based on his
1. If he worked 4 years, and 2 remain, he pays for the
2 years according to his current value!
(m) Answer: If so, it should have said "If many years
remain", and "If few years remain";
1. Rather, it says "in years", to teach as we said.
(a) Question (Rav Huna bar Chinena): A slave sold to a Nochri
- can he be partially redeemed?
1. Do we learn a Gezeirah Shavah "Ge'ulaso-Ge'ulaso"
from an inherited field?
(b) Answer (Rav Sheshes): Just as we expounded "He will be
sold" - entirely, not partially; also, we expound "He
will be redeemed" - entirely, not partially.
i. Just as an inherited field cannot be partially
redeemed, also a slave sold to a Nochri!
2. Or, do we say that partial redemption applies when
this is a leniency?
(c) (Abaye): If we would say that he can be partially
redeemed, this can be a leniency or a stringency.
1. (Leniency): A slave was sold for 100, paid 50 to be
half-redeemed, and rose in value to 200. If partial
redemption works, he need only pay another 100 to
compete redemption; if not does not work, he must
pay another 150.
i. Objection: But we learned, if a slave's value
increases, he is redeemed according to his
purchase price (whether or not partial
redemption works, he should only have to pay
2. (Stringency): A slave was sold for 200, paid 100 to
be half-redeemed, and decreased in value to 100. If
partial redemption works, he must pay another 50 to
compete redemption; if not does not work, it is as
if the 100 are a deposit by his master - this
suffices to redeem him now!
ii. Answer: Rather, the case is he was sold for
200, decreased in value to 100, paid 50 to be
half-redeemed, and rose in value to 200. (If
partial redemption works, he need only pay
another 100 to compete redemption; if not does
not work, he must pay another 150.)