POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Kidushin 35
KIDUSHIN 32-35 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi
publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) AN ALTERNATIVE WAY TO LEARN
(a) Question: According to the opinion that we can learn from
two verses, one of which could have been learned from the
other - how can we learn?
2) NEGATIVE MITZVOS
(b) Answer (Rava): "(You will wear Tefilin)...in order that
Hash-m's Torah will be in your mouth" - the entire Torah
is equated to Tefilin.
1. Just as Tefilin is a Mitzvas Aseh that only applies
at certain times and women are exempt - they are
exempt from all Mitzvos Aseh that only applies at
(c) Question: According to the opinion that Tefilin applies
at all times, how can we answer?
2. Inference: They are exempt from Mitzvas Aseh that
only applies at certain times, but they are
obligated in Mitzvos Aseh that apply at all times.
3. This answer is as the opinion that Tefilin does not
apply at all times.
(d) Answer: R. Meir is the one who holds that way - he holds
that two verses, one of which could have been learned
from the other, do not teach to other laws (so he learns
as on 34B).
(e) Question: But R. Yehudah also holds that Tefilin applies
at all times, and he holds that two verses, one of which
could have been learned from the other, do teach to other
laws - how can he learn?
(f) Answer: Matzo, Simchah and assembly are 3 verses, each of
which could have been learned from the others, that women
are obligated (so they do not teach to other laws).
(a) (Mishnah): Every negative Mitzvah...
(b) Question: From where do we know this?
(c) Answer #1 (Rav Yehudah): "A man or a woman that will
commit any sin" - the Torah equates men and women for all
(d) Answer #2 (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Eliezer): "That you
will put in front of them" - the Torah equates men and
women for all (monetary) laws.
(e) Answer #3 (d'Vei Chizkiyah): "That will kill a man or
woman" - the Torah equates one who kills a man to one who
kills a woman.
(f) It is necessary to hear all of these.
1. If we only heard regarding punishment - one might
have thought, this is so women will get atonement,
but monetary laws only apply to men (since it is the
way of men to do business);
2. If we only heard regarding monetary laws - one might
have thought, these apply to women, for the sake of
their livelihood, but ransom for a person killed by
a goring animal only applies to men, for they are
commanded in all the Mitzvos.
3) SHAVING AND CUTTING THE PE'OS
3. If we only heard regarding ransom - one might have
thought, this is because a soul was taken, but
punishments and monetary laws do not apply to women
- we hear, this is not so.
(a) (Mishnah): ...Except for cutting the Pe'os (the hair at
the corners of the head), shaving (the corners of the
beard), and becoming Tamei.
(b) We understand, they are not forbidden to become Teme'os -
"The Kohanim, the sons of Aharon" - not the daughters of
(c) Question: From where do we know that they are exempt from
cutting the Pe'os and shaving?
(d) Answer: "Do not round the corner of your heads and do not
destroy the corner of your beards" - whoever is commanded
on the beard is commanded on the Pe'os of the head;
1. Since women are not forbidden to shave, they are not
forbidden to cut Pe'os.
(e) Question: From where do we know that they are exempt from
(f) Answer #1: Logic dictates this, for women have no beards!
(g) Answer #2: A verse teaches this - "Do not round the
corner of your (plural) heads and do not destroy the
corner of your (singular) beards";
1. It changes to the singular form by beards, to teach
that shaving does not apply to women.
(h) Question: Is this really true?!
1. (Beraisa): The beard of a woman, or a Seris that
grew hair there - it is considered as a beard in all
(i) Answer #1 (Mar Zutra): It is considered a beard if
Tzara'as appears in it.
2. Suggestion: It is as a beard regarding the
prohibition to shave!
3. Rejection (Abaye): That cannot be - we learn a
Gezeirah Shavah "Pe'as-Pe'as" from the prohibition
of Kohanim to shave.
i. Just as that does not apply to women (it says,
"the sons of Aharon"), also the prohibition of
Yisraelim to shave.
4. Question: "The sons of Aharon" is written by Tum'ah.
If we say that it also applies to shaving (to
exclude female Kohanim), there is no need for the
i. The Torah gave extra Mitzvos to Kohanim, yet
female Kohanim are not forbidden to shave - all
the more so, the prohibition for Yisraelim to
shave does not apply to women!
5. Answer: We would have said that "the sons of Aharon"
does not apply to shaving, for there is an
interruption - we only know that this is not so
because of the Gezeirah Shavah. (If female Kohanim
were forbidden to shave, the Gezeirah Shavah would
not teach anything!)
6. Question: The Gezeirah Shavah could teach as the
following Beraisa! ("The sons of Aharon" would not
apply to shaving.)
i. (Beraisa): "They will not shave" - one might
have thought that one is liable for shaving
with scissors - "do not destroy (the corners of
your beard - scissors do not cut the entire
hair, this is not destruction)" teaches, this
is not so;
7. Answer: We could have made the Gezeirah Shavah even
if the Torah had said 'Do not round the Pe'as
(corner) of your heads and do not destroy it (the
corner) in your beards' (since it is as if it said
'the Pe'as in your beard')
ii. One might have thought that one is liable for
destroying (removing) his beard with a planing
tool or tweezers - "do not shave" (and these
are not ways of shaving) teaches, this is not
iii. The Torah forbade shaving that destroys, i.e.
with a razor.
i. The Torah explicitly said "the Pe'as in your
beard" to show that the Gezeirah Shavah teaches
us more (i.e., also that Benos Yisrael are
exempt, just as Benos Aharon).
8. We still have not answered the Beraisa!
i. (Beraisa): The beard of a woman, or a Seris
that grew hair there - it is considered as a
beard in all respects.
1. Objection: But it explicitly says "A man or woman
that will have a plague in the head or beard" (so
why must a Beraisa teach this)?
(j) Answer #2 (Mar Zutra): Rather, it is as a beard to say
that a Metzora must shave it to become Tahor.
(k) Question: This is obvious - since one can contract
Tzara'as through it, it is also as a beard to become
(l) Answer: Really, it is considered a beard if Tzara'as
appears in it;
1. One might have thought that the verse says that a
man or woman can have a plague of the head, but only
men can have plagues of the beard - we hear, this is