REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kidushin 20
(a) One Beraisa states 'Mochrah le'Aviv, ve'Ein Mochrah li'V'no'.
does the second Beraisa say?
(b) Who is the author of the second Beraisa, Rebbi Eliezer or the Rabbanan?
(c) How do we reconcile the second Beraisa too, with the Rabbanan?
(a) What does the Tana Kama of the Beraisa mean when, commenting on the
Pasuk in Mishpatim "Im be'Gapo Yavo, be'Gapo Yeitzei", he says 'be'Gufo
Nichnas, be'Gufo Yeitzei'?
(b) Why do we not already know this from the Pasuk "Lo Seitzei ke'Tzeis
(c) How does Rebbi Eliezer ben Ya'akov explain the Pasuk?
(a) With regard to a Nimkar le'Akum whose value changed during his years of
service, what do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar ...
(b) We learn from "Sachir" "Sachir" that the same applies to a Nimkar
- ... "mi'Kesef Miknaso?
- ... "K'fi Shanav"?
Why might we have thought otherwise? Why would we not learn
the latter from the former with a 'Binyan Av'?
(c) When Abaye was in particularly high spirits, he would claim to be like
ben Azai in the main streets of Teverya.
What did he mean by that?
(d) A certain Talmid-Chacham, who had a problem with the two previous
D'rashos, took him up on that.
What does he ask him?
(a) Abaye answered him from a Beraisa which discusses the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ki
Tov Lo Imach".
What does the Tana extrapolate from there?
(b) On what grounds does he conclude 'Kol ha'Koneh Eved Ivri, ke'Koneh Adon
le'Atzmo' (see Tosfos).
(c) On what grounds do we refute Abaye's proof? Why might we not be quite so
easy on the Eved Ivri when it comes to his redemption?
(d) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina in a Beraisa say about Avkah shel
Shevi'is? What is 'Avkah shel Shevi'is'?
(a) Based on the sequence of Pesukim in Behar, what punishment follows
having to sell ...
(b) We attribute the change from 'Lo Hirgish', the first two times, to 'Lo
Ba'as le'Yado' the third time, to a statement by Rav Huna.
- ... one's movables, should he not do Teshuvah?
- ... one's fields?
What is the
difference between the two expressions?
(c) What did Rav Huna say?
(d) What is the initial text of Rav Huna? What is startling about it?
(a) The next punishment listed in the Pasuk is that of being forced to
borrow on interest.
Answers to questions
Why does the Tana (note, that Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi
Chanina was actually an Amora) first add the case of selling his daughter?
Why would this be the logical sequence?
(b) The final set of punishments deal with various cases of a man selling
How many such cases are there? What does "le'Eiker" mean?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi b'Rebbi Chanina mean when he says 'Nimkar
(d) In any event, we see that the Nimkar le'Akum is the result of his sins.
In that case, how does Abaye try to reestablish his explanation (that we
should be lenient with regard to his redemption price, like we are lenient
with him regarding food and drink)?
(a) On what grounds do we query Rava's comparison to Tana de'Bei Rebbi
(b) Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak (or Rav Nachman, see Maharshal) finally
explains the Tana who is lenient with the Eved Ivri regarding his
redemption, based on the two Pesukim "Im Od Rabos ba'Shanim ... mi'Kesef
Miknaso. ve'Im Me'at Nish'ar ba'Shanim ... K'fi Shanav".
How does he
explain these Pesukim?
(c) On what grounds do we reject ...
(d) What did Rav Yosef declare about Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak (or Rav
- ... the simple meaning of the Pasuk? What is the simple meaning of the Pasuk?
- ... the suggestion that if the majority of years remain, then he pays "mi'Kesef Miknaso", whereas if only a minority of years remain, he pays "K'fi Shanav"?
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with a S'dei
Achuzah) "u'Matza K'dei Ge'ulaso"?
(b) Rav Huna bar Chinena asked Rav Sheishes whether the same will apply to a
Nimkar le'Akum from "Ge'ulaso" "Ge'ulaso".
What is the alternative?
(c) Rav Sheishes replied with the Pasuk "ve'Nimkar bi'Geneivaso".
he extrapolate from there?
(d) Did Abaye accept Rav Sheishes ruling?
(a) Assuming that he can be redeemed, says Abaye, that can lead to a Kula
and a Chumra.
Which case is le'Kula?
(b) What problem does this create with our previous D'rashah from "mi'Kesef
(c) How do we reestablish Abaye's case of le'Kula to resolve this problem"?
(d) The case le'Chumra according to Abaye, opens when he was sold for two
What is the full case?
(a) For how long can someone who sells a house in a walled city redeem it?
If someone sells a S'dei Achuzah, it returns to him in the Yovel, but he
cannot redeem it in halves.
(b) Rav Huna bar Chinena asked Rav Sheishes whether we learn "Ge'ulaso"
"Ge'ulaso" from S'dei Achuzah that someone who sells a house in a walled
city cannot redeem it in parts.
What is the other side of the She'eilah?
(c) Rav Sheishes replied with a D'rashah of Rebbi Shimon.
Which two Dinim
did Rebbi Shimon learn from the Pasuk in Behar (in connection with selling a
house in a walled city) "Im Ga'ol Yig'al"?
(d) What reasoning (derived from the differences between someone who sells a
S'dei Achuzah and someone who declares it Hekdesh) lies behind this
According to Rebbi Shimon, what is the
equivalent Din in the case of ...
- ... someone who declares a S'dei Achuzah Hekdesh?
- ... someone who sells a house in a walled city?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Behar (written in
connection with declaring Hekdesh a S'dei Achuzah) "Im Ga'ol Yig'al"?
To answer the Kashya on Rav Sheishes, we establish the author of the Beraisa
as the Rabbanan (whereas Rav Sheishes stated his ruling strictly according
to Rebbi Shimon).
(b) Based on a 'Kal va'Chomer' from someone who *sells* a S'dei Achuzah,
what, according to this Tana, would we otherwise have said?
(c) What Pircha does the Tana ask on the 'Kal va'Chomer'? What other
disadvantage does someone who *sells* a S'dei Achuzah have, as compared to
someone who *declares it Hekdesh*?
(d) How does he counter this Pircha from the Din by someone who sells a
house in a walled city (reinstating the need for the Pasuk "Im Ga'ol
Yig'al", and at the same time posing a Kashya on Rav Sheishes, who quoted
Rebbi Shimon as saying that one can redeem it in halves)?
What is the basis of their Machlokes?
Answers to questions