REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Kidushin 57
KIDUSHIN 56-57 - sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor.
Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and
prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.
What does Rebbi Yanai learn from the Pasuk in Shoftim (in connection with
the Eglah Arufah) "Kaper le'Amcha Yisrael"?
(a) If the birds of a Metzora are the 'Machshir ba'Chutz', what is the
(b) What is the significance of 'Machshir' in this regard?
(c) If the Eglah Arufah is the Mechaper ba'Chutz, what is the Mechaper
(d) We learn the Isur Hana'ah by the birds of a Metzora by way of Machshir
u'Mechaper ba'Chutz from Machshir u'Mechaper bi'F'nim.
What does this
(a) According to Rebbi Yochanan, the Shechutah is forbidden from the moment
it is Shechted.
What does Resh Lakish say?
(b) According to both opinions, what happens to the Meshulachas?
(c) Rebbi Yanai knew that the Eglah Arufah is forbidden already before it is
killed, but could not remember exactly from when.
What did his colleagues
(d) Seeing as Resh Lakish learns the birds of a Metzora from Eglah Arufah,
how does he know that they are forbidden already from the moment they are
designated, even though the Eglah is not? Then what *do* we learn from it?
(a) What does the Tana of the Beraisa include from the Pasuk in Re'ei ...
(b) According to Resh Lakish, why do we need the latter Pasuk to forbid the
Shechutah after Shechitah, seeing as, according to him, it had already
become forbidden earlier?
- ... "Kol Tzipor Tahor Tocheilu"?
- ... "ve'Zeh Asher Lo Sochlu Meihem"?
(c) Assuming that the Shechutah was found to be a T'reifah, what does the
Tana of the Beraisa say about ...
(d) According to Rebbi Yochanan, when the Tana says 'T'reifah', he means
that it became a T'reifah (which strictly speaking, is Neveilah) due to a
bad Shechitah (and does not therefore become forbidden).
- ... the second bird?
- ... the Shechutah itself?
How does Resh
Lakish explain it? Why can he not learn like Rebbi Yochanan?
(a) According to Rebbi Ya'akov in another Beraisa, if they Shechted the bird
without the accompanying hyssop, cedar wood or crimson thread, the bird
nevertheless becomes forbidden.
What is the basis of his Machlokes with
Rebbi Shimon, who holds that it remains permitted?
(b) What can we extrapolate from the Beraisa with re. to what renders the
(c) How will Resh Lakish reconcile his opinion with this Beraisa?
(d) He bases his opinion on the Beraisa that we learned earlier ('Machshir
How does he do that? Who is the author of that
(a) Earlier, we cited the Beraisa "Kol Tzipor Tahor Tocheilu", 'Lerabos es
Meshulachas'); "ve'Zeh Asher Lo Sochlu Meihem", 'Lerabos es ha'Shechutah'.
Why can we not reverse the D'rashos, forbidding the Meshulachas, and
permitting the Shechutah?
Answers to questions
(b) How about an animal that was Muktzah and one that was Ne'evad? What is
the difference between them?
(c) We conclude however, that an animal that raped a person or that was
raped by a man, are forbidden, provided there are two witnesses.
basis is it forbidden to derive benefit from such an animal?
(d) So what did Rebbi Yochanan Amar Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai really say to
explain why we not reverse the D'rashos, forbidding the Meshulachas, and
permitting the Shechutah?
(a) de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael learn that the Meshuleches is permitted, from the
Pasuk in Metzora "ve'Shilach es ha'Tzipor ha'Chayah al-P'nei ha'Sadeh".
How does he learn it from there?
(b) Another Beraisa learns from the same Pasuk 'she'Lo Ya'amod be'Yafo ... ,
ve'Lo Ya'amod be'Geives ... , ve'she'Lo Ya'amod mi'Chutz la'Ir ... '. What
is the significance of these three scenarios? To where would he be sending
the bird if he were standing in ...
(c) How do we reconcile Tana de'Bei Rebbi Yishmael with this Tana? How is it
possible to learn both D'rashos from the same word?
- ... Yaffo?
- ... Geives?
- ... mi'Chutz la'Ir? How do we know from there that he must send the bird from inside the town?
(d) Rava does not require a source to teach us that the Meshulachas is
permitted, but learns it from a S'vara.
Which S'vara? What does Rava do
with the various Pesukim from which we learned it?
(a) What do we learn from ...
(b) Rebbi Yehudah in a Beraisa, forbids deriving benefist from Petter
- ... the Pasuk in Naso (written with regard to the hair of a Nazir) "Kadosh Yihyeh Gadel Pera"?
- ... the fact that the Torah writes "Kadosh" and not "Kodesh"?
What does Rebbi Shimon say?
(c) How does Rav Nachman Amar Rabah bar Avuhah reconcile our Mishnah, which
forbids deriving benefit from a Peter Chamor, with Rebbi Shimon?
(a) The author of our Mishnah ...
(b) From where do we learn that T'reifah is Mutar be'Hana'ah?
- ... (forbidding meat cooked in milk be Hana'ah) is Rebbi Yishmael. What does Rebbi Yishmael learn from the fact that the Torah repeats the Pasuk "Lo Sevashel G'di ba'Chalev Imo" three times (in Mishpatim, Ki Sisa and Re'ei)?
- ... cannot be Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah. What does Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah learn from the Gezeirah-Shavah "Kodesh" "Kodesh" ("Ki Am *Kadosh* Atah ... " [which the Torah juxtaposes to "Lo Sevashel G'di ... " in Re'ei] "ve'Anshei *Kodesh* Tiheyun Li" [Mishpatim, in connection with a T'reifah - an animal])?
(a) From where do we know that Kodshim that are Shechted outside the Azarah
are Asur be'Hana'ah?
(b) How does Rebbi Yochanan Mishum Rebbi Meir initially learn from there
that Chulin she'Nishchatu ba'Azarah are Asur be'Hana'ah, too?
(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Acharei-Mos "ve'El Pesach Ohel Mo'ed
Lo Hevi'o Lehakriv Korban la'Hashem ... ve'Nichras"?
(d) How do we use this second D'rashah to repudiate the first one?
(a) What does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei "Ki Yirchak Mimcha
ha'Makom ... ve'Zavachta"?
(b) By what logic might we include in the prohibition ...
(c) Would we have a similar reason to include birds in the prohibition?
- ... a blemished animal?
- ... a Chayah (such as a deer)?
(d) Consequently, we find a triple source that includes all three (despite
the fact that they are all unfit to be brought on the Mizbe'ach).
(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Ki Yirchak Mimcha ha'Makom ...
Answers to questions
(b) From where do we know that this second prohibition extends to blemished
animals, wild animals and birds?
(c) And what do we finally learn from the Pasuk (that we quoted earlier)
"la'Kelev Tashlichun *Oso*"?
(d) How do we know to preclude specifically Chulin she'Nishchatu ba'Azarah
from this Pasuk? What is the previous part of the Pasuk "u'Basar ba'Sadeh
T'reifah Lo Socheilu" talking about ?