POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Makos 21
MAKOS 21-24 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications
for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.
1) "SERITAH" WITH AN INSTRUMENT
(a) (Shmuel): Seritah with an instrument is liable.
2) "PE'AS HA'ROSH" AND "PE'AS HA'ZAKAN
(b) Question (Beraisa): Seritah and Gedidah are the same,
just Seritah is by hand, Gedidah is with an instrument.
(c) Answer: Shmuel's law is according to R. Yosi.
(d) A reciter of Beraisos: One is liable on account of a Mes
whether he scratched by hand or with an instrument;
1. One who scratches for the sake of idolatry is liable
only by hand.
(e) Objection: The verse says just the contrary -
Va'Yisgodedu k'Mishpatam ba'Charavos uva'Rmachim"!
(f) Correction: One who scratches for the sake of idolatry is
liable only with an instrument.
(a) (Mishnah): He is lashed for each Pe'as ha'Rosh.
(b) Rav Sheshes pointed to the sideburns
(c) (Mishnah): He is lashed for each Pe'as ha'Zakan - two on
each side and one below.
(d) Rav Sheshes pointed to the five corners.
(e) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): If he cut them at once (at the
same moment; alternatively, with one warning, without
stopping), he is liable only once.
(f) He holds that one Lav forbids all the corners.
(g) (Mishnah): He is liable only if he shaved (the beard;
some say, or the sideburns) with a razor.
(h) (Beraisa) Suggestion: "U'F'as Zekanam Lo Yegalechu" -
perhaps one is liable for shaving with scissors!
1. Rejection "V'Lo Sashchis" - he is liable only if the
entire hair is removed.
(i) (Mishnah - R. Eliezer): He is liable even if he cut them
with a planing tool (or tweezers).
2. Suggestion: Perhaps one is liable for removing the
hair with a planing tool (or tweezers)!
3. Rejection "Lo Yegalechu".
i. He is liable only for shaving that removes the
entire hair, i.e. with a razor.
(j) Question: Either way you say, this is difficult!
1. If R. Eliezer learns the Gezerah Shavah
"Pe'as-Pe'as" (to teach that "Lo Yegalechu" written
regarding Kohanim applies to "V'Lo Sashchis" written
regarding Yisraelim), he should obligate only for a
(k) Answer: He learns the Gezerah Shavah; he holds that a
planing tool (and tweezers) also shave.
2. If he does not learn the Gezerah Shavah, he should
obligate also for scissors!
(a) (Mishnah): Tatooing (is done by making incisions in the
skin and writing with dye which gets absorbed):
4) MULTIPLE LASHES FOR REPEATED TRANSGRESSIONS
1. He is liable only if he wrote *and* made incisions;
(b) R. Shimon says, he is liable only if he writes Hash-m's
name - "U'Chsoves Ka'a'kah Lo Sitnu Bachem Ani Hash-m"
2. He is liable for writing with dye, mascara or
anything that makes a lasting impression.
(c) (Gemara - Rav Acha brei d'Rava) Question: Must he write
(d) Answer (Rav Ashi): R. Shimon does not refer to Hash-m's
1. (Bar Kapara): He is liable only if he writes the
name of idolatry - "...Ani Hash-m" - not another
(e) (Rav Malkiya): It is forbidden to put ashes on a wound,
because it looks like a tattoo.
(f) Version #1 (Rav Chanina brei d'Rav Ika): The following
teachings are of Rav Malkiyo - spit, slaves, and hair
1. The following teachings are of Rav Malkiya - Bluris
(hair that is grown long and shaved off for the sake
of idolatry), ashes, and cheese.
(g) Version #2 (Rav Papa): The teachings that explain
Mishnayos and Beraisos are of Rav Malkiya; the teachings
that have no source in the Tana'im are of Rav Malkiyo.
(h) The versions argue regarding slaves (Rav Papa attributes
it to Rav Malkiya; some say, they also argue about ashes,
Rav Papa attributes it to Rav Malkiyo).
(i) Rav Bivi bar Abaye was careful not to put ashes even on a
(j) (Rav Ashi): Wherever there is a wound, it is permitted
(all recognize that this is for healing).
(a) (Mishnah): If a Nazir was drinking wine (or exposing
himself to Tum'as Mes, or shaving his hair) all day, he
is lashed only once; if he was warned repeatedly, he is
lashed for each warning he transgressed.
(b) If a man was wearing Sha'atnez all day, he is lashed only
once; if he was warned repeatedly, and he removed the
garment and put it on again, he is lashed for each time.
(c) A person can be lashed eight times for plowing one
5) LASHES FOR "KIL'AYIM"
1. He plows with a Hekdesh ox and donkey;
(d) Chananya ben Chakinai says, he can also be lashed for
2. He plows where Kil'ayim was planted in a vineyard,
in Shemitah, on Yom Tov;
3. He is a Kohen and a Nazir plowing over Tum'as Mes.
1. Chachamim: That is not on account of plowing.
(e) (Gemara - Rav Bivi): He need not remove the garment and
put it on again, rather, even if he remove his arm from
the sleeve and puts it in again, he is liable for each
2. Chananya: Also Tum'ah of a Nazir is not on account
(f) Rav Acha brei d'Rav Ika demonstrated this ('Rashi' on the
Rif; Rivan - he gestured that he must remove and put back
on the entire garment).
(g) (Rav Ashi): Even if he wears it long enough to remove it
and put it on again, he is lashed (for each warning).
(a) (Mishnah): For plowing one furrow...
6) OTHER POSSIBLE LASHES FOR PLOWING ONE FURROW
(b) (R. Yanai): Rabanan concluded, one who covers seeds of
Kil'ayim is lashed.
(c) R. Yochanan: Our Mishnah teaches this - one of the eight
sets of lashes is for Kil'ayim!
1. Surely, the case is, he covers seeds of Kil'ayim!
(d) R. Yanai: You found the support because I told you the
(e) Reish Lakish: Had R. Yanai not agreed with you, I would
have said that the Mishnah is like R. Akiva, who says
that one who is Mekayem Kil'ayim (Aruch - he leaves it in
his field; Tosfos (4B) - he makes a fence to protect it)
(f) Question: Where do we find that R. Akiva says so?
(g) Answer (Beraisa): One who weeds, or covers Kil'ayim is
1. R. Akiva says, even one who is Mekayem.
(h) Question: What is his reason?
(i) Answer (Beraisa) Question: "Sadcha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim"
only teaches seeding - what is the source to forbid
1. Answer: "Kil'ayim Sadcha Lo".
(a) Question (Ula): He should also be lashed for planting on
Yom Tov (because the plowing helps the Kil'ayim grow, as
(b) Answer #1 (Rav Nachman): Indeed, he is; the Tana omitted
(c) Objection (Ula): The Tana said that one can be lashed
eight times, you cannot say that he omitted something!
(d) Answer #2 (Rava): The Melachos of Yom Tov are not
separated (one is only lashed once even if he does
several Melachos at the same time).
(e) Ula: That is a good answer.