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Makos 11

MAKOS 11-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina asks why the Parshah of Rotzchim was said in a strong Lashon.
What does he mean by that?

(b) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Miketz "Diber ha'Ish Adonei ha'Aretz Itanu Kashos"?

(c) The Beraisa, based on the Pasuk "Yadber Amim Tachteinu", describes "Az Nidberu Yir'ei Hashem Ish el Re'eihu" as gentle.
What does "Yadber Amim Tachteinu" mean?

(d) How do we reconcile Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina with the Beraisa?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah and the Rabbanan argue over the previous point; one explains Yehoshua's use of 'Dibur' like Rebbi Chama b'Rebbi Chanina.
What does the other one say?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Nechemyah argue over the Pasuk "Vayichtov Yehoshua es ha'Devarim ha'Eileh be'Sefer Toras Elokim". One of them ascribes this to the Pesukim of the Arei Miklat (which we have just been discussing). What does the other one say?

(c) How will the first opinion explain the words "be'Sefer Toras Elokim"?

(a) Rebbi Yehudah and Rebbi Meir argue over a Sefer-Torah that one stitched with linen threads.
What does one opinion learn from the Pasuk in Bo "Lema'an Tiheyeh Toras Hashem be'Ficha"?

(b) On what grounds does the other opinion validate it in spite of the Hekesh? What does he then learn from the Hekesh?

(c) What did Rav comment about the Tefilin (or the Sifrei-Torah) that he saw in the house of his uncle Rebbi Chiya?

(d) What did he rule in that regard?

(a) A Kohen Merubeh Begadim who died, just like a Mashu'ach be'Shemen ha'Mishchah, would release the murderers from the Ir Miklat.
Could the two serve simultaneously?

(b) A Kohen she'Avar mi'Meshichaso who died would release him too.
What is a 'Kohen she'Avar mi'Meshichaso'?

(c) Which fourth category of Kohen Gadol does Rebbi Yehudah add to the list?

(d) Why would the mothers of the Kohanim Gedolim distribute food and clothes to the murderers?

(a) What does the Tana Kama of our Mishnah learn from the three Pesukim in Masei "Veyashav Bah ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol", "Ki be'Ir Miklato Yeishev ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol" and "ve'Acharei Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol"?

(b) Rebbi Yehudah includes a Mashu'ach Milchamah from the Pasuk "Lashuv ba'Aretz ad Mos ha'Kohen".
On what grounds do the Rabbanan disagree with him?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Mishlei "ke'Tzipor Lanud ki'Deror La'uf Kein Kilelas Chinam Lo Savo"?

(b) How did that old man quoting Rava reconcile our Mishnah with this Pasuk?
What were the mothers of the Kohanim afraid of, seeing as it was not their sons who had murdered?

(c) What is the alternative version to 'K'dei she'Lo Yispalelu al B'neihen she'Yamusu'?

(d) Before arriving at the same conclusion as we did in the first version, what problem did we have with this?

(e) Why did Eliyahu ha'Navi not speak to Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi for three days?

(a) What did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav say about the curse of a Chacham?

(b) When David was digging the foundations for the Beis-Hamikdash, and the depths threatened to drown the world, David asked a She'eilah. How could he dig the foundations of the Beis-Hamikdash, considering that he had not yet purchased the land on which it was to be built, from Aravnah ha'Yevusi?

(a) What was David's She'eilah? How did he aim to confine the water of the depths to its current location?

(b) Eventually, Achitofel resolved David's She'eilah.
What 'Kal va'Chomer' did he Darshen to permit it?

(c) How did Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn his Din from that episode? What subsequently happened to Achitofel and why?

(d) Why did Achitofel strangle himself?

Answers to questions


9) How did Rebbi Avahu learn from Eli and Shmuel that the curse of a Chacham materializes even if the condition that accompanies it is fulfilled?


(a) And what does Rav Yehudah Amar Rav learn from Yehudah, whose bones 'rolled in the coffin'?

(b) What were Yehudah's bones doing in the desert anyway"?

(c) What does Rebbi Shmuel bar Nachmeni Amar Rebbi Yonasan learn from the juxtaposition of the Pasuk in ve'Zos ha'Berachah "Y'chi Reuven ve'Al Yamos" to that of "ve'Zos li'Yehudah ... "?

(d) What is the connection between Reuven and Yehudah in this context?

(e) When Moshe Davened 'Sh'ma Hashem Kol Yehudah", Yehudah's bones knitted together.
What happened when he said ...

  1. ... "ve'El Amo Tevi'enu"?
  2. ... "Yadav Rav Lo"?
  3. ... "ve'Eizer mi'Tzarav Tiheyeh"?
(a) We ask whether the death of one of the Kohanim Gedolim will suffice to release the murderers from the Arei Miklat or whether all of them (either a Mashu'ach or a Merubeh Begadim plus the others) must die to release them.
What does the following Mishnah say about a case where the Din of a murderer is concluded when there is no incumbent Kohen Gadol?

(b) How do we resolve our She'eilah from there?

(a) What does our Mishnah rule in a case where the Kohen Gadol died ...
  1. ... after the murderer's Din was concluded, before he had a chance to run to the Ir Miklat?
  2. ... and they appointed a new one, before his Din was concluded?
(b) We already cited the Mishnah's ruling that if the murderer's Din was concluded before a new Kohen Gadol had been appointed, then he would never be permitted to go free.
What does the Tana say in a case where someone killed a Kohen Gadol or the Kohen Gadol killed him?

(c) What do we learn from the Pasuk "Asher Nas Shamah"? Which three stages does this incorporate?

(d) What if K'lal Yisrael needed him, like for example, Yo'av the commander-in-chief of the army, who were about to go to war?

(a) Was the Go'el ha'Dam permitted to kill the murderer if he caught up with him outside the walls of the town, but within the T'chum (the Shabbos boundaries) of the town?

(b) According to Rebbi Yossi Hagelili, if a Rotze'ach left the Ir Miklat, it was a Mitzvah for the Go'el ha'Dam to kill him.
How about anybody else?

(c) What does Rebbi Akiva say?

(a) What reason does Abaye give for the Din in our Mishnah that a murderer does not go into Galus if the Kohen Gadol dies after the G'mar Din?

(b) How do we answer the Pircha that perhaps a murderer who has been in Galus has at least attained a Kaparah, whereas one who has not been in Galus has not?

(c) What does Rav Kahana learn from the Pasuk "Veyashav Bah ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol Asher Mashach Oso be'Shemen ha'Kodesh"? Since when was the murderer the one to anoint the Kohen Gadol?

(d) Since the second Kohen Gadol was not yet anointed at the time when the murderer killed, how is he to be blamed for not Davening for it not to happen?

(a) What does Abaye say about a murderer whose Din is concluded, but who dies before he manages to run to an Ir Miklat?

(b) How does he extrapolate this ruling from the Pasuk "Lashuv *Lasheves ba'Aretz* ad Mos ha'Kohen ha'Gadol"?

(c) And what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk "Yashuv ha'Rotze'ach el Eretz Achuzaso"?

(a) Rebbi Ami and Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha argue over a case where the Kohen Gadol is declared a ben Gerushah or a ben Chalutzah after the conclusion of the murderer's Din. One them says 'Meisah Kehunah'.
What does he mean by that?

(b) What does the other one say?

(c) Initially, we link the above Machlokes to a Machlokes Tana'im in Terumos. Rebbi Eliezer holds there that if a Kohen who is serving on the Mizbe'ach discovers that he is a ben Gerushah ... , all the Korbanos that he brought until then are Pasul.
What does Rebbi Yehoshua say?

(d) We conclude however, that even if Rebbi Eliezer cannot hold 'Meisah Kehunah', Rebbi Yehoshua might concede 'Batlah Kehunah'.
On what basis then, would the Korbanos that he brought until that moment be valid?

Answers to questions

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