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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Makos 14

MAKOS 11-15 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) We cited Rebbi Yitzchak, who precludes Chayvei K'risus from Malkos from the fact that the Torah mentions Kares by 'Achoso'. The Rabbanan (Rebbi Yishmael and Rebbi Akiva) explain Kareis by 'Achoso' like Rebbi Yochanan. What did Rebbi Yochanan say about someone who transgressed all the eighteen Arayos in one He'elam (without being aware in the middle that he had sinned)?

(b) Why do we need the Pasuk by Achoso to teach us this? Why might we have thought otherwise?

(c) Rebbi Yitzchak learns this from the Pasuk "ve'El *Ishah* be'Nidas Tum'asah", 'Lechayev al Kol Ishah ve'Ishah'. We ask why the Rabbanan cannot learn it from there too.
What do we answer?

(d) So what will they then learn from "Achoso"? To which three Achosos is the Pasuk referring?

(a) We retract from this however, on the grounds that it is obvious.
Why is that?

(b) So which case *is* the Torah referring to?

(c) We establish this in the case of 'Reshi'a bar Reshi'a'.
What does this mean?

(d) Rebbi Yitzchak learns this from a 'Kal va'Chomer', as Rebbi Akiva taught in the name of Raban Gamliel and Rebbi Yehoshua.
On what occasion did Rebbi Akiva ask them this She'eilah?

(a) From where did they derive the 'Kal va'Chomer'?

(b) What 'Pircha' do we ask on it?

(c) Rebbi Yitzchak concedes to this 'Pircha', and he learns the Din of three Achosos from "Achoso de'Seifa ("Ervas Achoso Gilah").
What do the Rabbanan learn from there? Why might we have thought otherwise?

(d) What principle do we learn from here?

(a) From where does Rebbi Yitzchak learn the Onesh of 'Achaso she'Hi bas Aviv u'Bas Imo'?

(b) The Rabbanan learn from "Achoso" de'Reisha 'Lechalek Kareis li'Mefatem ve'Sach' (that if someone makes a replica of the anointing oil and anoints someone with it, he is obligated to bring two Chata'os).
What exactly does this mean? Why do they need a Pasuk for this?

(c) Rebbi Yitzchak does not need this D'rashah, because he holds like Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya.
What does Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya say about wherever the Torah writes two La'avin and one Kareis?

(d) How will this effect our case of three Achosos?

(e) Alternatively (he does not hold like Rebbi Elazar Amar Rebbi Hoshaya, but) he learns it from "Ish Asher Yishkav es Ishah Davah", from which the Rabbanan learn the Din of Rebbi Yochanan in the name of Rebbi Shimon bar Yochai.
What does he say about a woman becoming Tamei Nidah?

Answers to questions



(a) What is the significance of the two Pesukim "es Mishkan Hashem Timei ve'Nichresah" (Chukas) and "ve'Lo Yetam'u es Machaneihem" (Naso)? What is the connection between them?

(b) The Pasuk in Tzav "ve'ha'Nefesh Asher Tochal Basar mi'Zevach ha'Shelamim Asher la'Hashem ve'Tum'aso Alav, ve'Nichresah" is the Onesh for Tamei she'Achal es ha'Kodesh.
Why can we not learn the Azharah from the Pasuk in Emor "be'Kodshim Lo Yochal"?

(c) Resh Lakish learns the Azharah from "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga".
From which 'Gezeirah-Shavah' does Rebbi Yochanan (citing a Beraisa quoted by Bardela) learn it?

(d) If Resh Lakish does not agree with Rebbi Yochanan, because he did not receive the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from his Rebbes, why does Rebbi Yochanan decline to learn like Resh Lakish? What does he learn from "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga"?

(a) Resh Lakish learns the Azharah for a Zar to eat Terumah from the Pasuk (that we quoted earlier) "Ish Ish me'Zera Aharon ... be'Kodshim Lo Yochal". How does he know that this Pasuk is speaking about Terumah and not Kodshim?

(b) Seeing as B'nos Aharon *are* also eligible to eat Chazeh ve'Shok of Kodshim Kalim, how do we then know that the Pasuk is not referring to Kodshim Kalim?

(c) In that case, why does Rebbi Yochanan require the Pasuk "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga" by Terumah?

(a) In an independent Machlokes, Rebbi Yochanan establishes the Pasuk "be'Chol Kodesh Lo Siga" by a Tamei who touches Terumah. How does Resh Lakish explain the Pasuk?

(b) Then on what grounds does he apply the same Pasuk to a Tamei who *eats* Kodesh?

(c) In a third Machlokes, Rebbi Yochanan confines the Din of Malkos by a Tamei who eats Kodesh to Kodshim after the Zerikah.
From where does he know that?

(d) And from where does Resh Lakish learn that he is Chayav even he eats them *before* the Zerikah?

(a) Whose opinion is supported by a Beraisa?

(b) What does the Beraisa prove?

Answers to questions

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