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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Makos 20

MAKOS 16-20 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) Discussing a Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel, what does Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah say in the name of Rebbi Yossi, in a case where fruit that had not yet reached the stage of Ma'asros and that entered Yerushalayim, was taken out again?

(b) In which case then, do Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel argue?

(c) What is then the basis of their Machlokes?

(a) How do we reconcile Rebbi Yossi according to Beis Hillel in the latter Beraisa with his own ruling in the earlier one, where he ruled 'Matanos she'Lo Hurmu, ke'Mi she'Hurmu Damyan'?

(b) How does *Ravina* establish the case of Rebbi Yossi in the earlier Beraisa, to explain Rebbi Yossi's Chidush, and to resolve Rav Papa's She'eilah on the previous Amud?

(a) What does our Mishnah say about someone who makes a bald patch on his head (as a sign of mourning for a deceased person), who rounds off his Pe'os, who destroys the corners of his beard or who cuts himself as a sign of mourning for a deceased person? What do all these have in common?

(b) What does the Tana say about someone who makes ...

  1. ... one cut for five dead people?
  2. ... five cuts for one dead person?
(a) How many sets of Malkos does one receive for ...
  1. ... cutting off one's Pe'os?
  2. ... destroying one's beard?
(b) Rebbi Eliezer qualifies this last statement.
What does he say? In which case will one only be subject to one set of Malkos, according to him?

(c) The Tana Kama confines the La'av to shaving with a razor.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(a) Regarding the Pasuk in Emor "Lo Yikrechu Korchah be'Rosham", what does the Beraisa learn from ...
  1. ... "Korchah"?
  2. ... "be'Rosham"? Why might we have thought otherwise?
(b) This Pasuk is written in connection with the Kohanim (the Pasuk in Re'ei, with Yisre'elim).
Why would we have thought that Kohanim might be different in this regard?

(c) So from where do we know that this Chumra extends to Yisre'elim as well?

(d) On the other hand, what will we learn from the Pasuk in Re'ei (written by Yisre'elim) that will apply to Kohanim too?

Answers to questions



(a) Why can the four or five bald patches discussed in the current Beraisa not be speaking in a case where one made them one after the other ...
  1. ... with the corresponding number of warnings?
  2. ... with one warning?
(b) This ruling is based on a Mishnah in Nazir.
What does the Tana say there about a Nazir who is warned not to drink wine ...
  1. ... and proceeds to drink it all day?
  2. ... and drinks, is warned again and drinks again?
(c) Then what is the case in the Beraisa where he receives four or five sets of Malkos (and which is not obvious)?
(a) According to Rav Huna, the Shiur of a Korchah is that it should be visible.
What does Rebbi Yochanan quoting Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon (or Shamua) say?

(b) The Tana Kama in a Beraisa gives the Shiur as a ks'Geris.
What do Acherim say?

(c) A third Tana cited by Rav Yehudah bar Chaviva gives the Shiur as two hairs.
How do others quote this Tana?

(d) How will we remember that it is the opinion that holds two hairs that is replaced with that of a lentil, and not that which holds the size of a bean?

(a) We learned in a Beraisa that someone who removes a 'M'lo Pi ha'Zug' (the tip of a scissors-full) of hair on Shabbos, is Chayav.
How much does Rav Yehudah give as a 'M'lo Pi ha'Zug'?

(b) How do we therefore amend the Beraisa, which continues 'le'Korchah Sh'tayim'?

(c) This is also the opinion of the Tana Kama in a Beraisa.
What does Rebbi Eliezer say?

(d) The Chachamim concede to Rebbi Eliezer that one is Chayav for removing even one white hair from the black ones.
Why is this forbidden ...

  1. ... on Shabbos?
  2. ... even during the week?
(a) The Beraisa translates "Pe'as Rosho" as 'Sof Rosho'.
How does the Tana go on to define the Isur?

(b) What was Rav Chisda's initial reaction to the Beraisa quoted by the Beraisa expert which rendered the person's whose Pe'os were shaved off Chayav together with the person who shaved him?

(c) He did however, suggest to the Beraisa expert that the author must be Rebbi Yehudah, who holds that one is Chayav for a La'av she'Ein Bo Ma'aseh. Nevertheless, how will Rebbi Yehudah learn this from the Pasuk "Lo Sakifu Pe'as Roshcha" (which implies an act)?

(d) Rava establishes the Beraisa even like the Chachamim, and the Tana speaks when the sinner shaved himself (for which he will receive two sets of Malkos).
What does Rav Ashi say?

(a) A Beraisa describes "Pe'as Zekano" as 'Shiboles Zekano'.
What is 'Shiboles Zekano'?

(b) In the Pasuk "ve'Seret la'Nefesh Lo Sitnu bi'Vesarchem", what does the Beraisa learn from ...

  1. ... "la'Nefesh"? What would we have otherwise thought?
  2. ... "ve'Seret"?
(c) What does Rebbi Yossi learn from "ve'Seret?

(d) So from where does Rebbi Yossi learn the previous Halachah?

Answers to questions

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