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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Makos 21

MAKOS 21-24 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) What does Shmuel say about someone who makes Sirut with his hand?

(b) What does the Beraisa say about Seritah and Gedidah?

(c) How do we explain Shmuel in light of the Beraisa, which implies that if one warned a person not to make Sirut with an implement (see Aruch la'Ner) he will be Patur?

(a) What objection did Rebbi Yochanan raise to the Beraisa that a Beraisa expert cited to him 'al Meis, Bein be'Yad Bein bi'Keli, Chayav; al Avodah-Zarah be'Yad Chayav, bi'Keli Patur'?

(b) So how did he amend the Beraisa?

(c) What are the ramifications of this Halachah?

(a) What did Rav Sheishes demonstrate to explain our Mishnah ...
  1. ... 've'Chayav al ha'Rosh'?
  2. ... 've'Al ha'Zakan Shetayim mi'Ka'an ... '?
(b) What is the reason of Rebbi Eliezer in our Mishnah, who says that one only receives one set of Malkos for shaving the two Pe'os?

(c) Based on the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' "Pe'as" "Pe'as", what does the Beraisa learn from the Pasuk in ...

  1. ... Emor "u'*Pe'as* Zakanam Lo *Yegalechu*"?
  2. ... Kedoshim "ve'Lo *Sashchis* es *Pe'as* Zekanecha"?
(d) Rebbi Eliezer includes shaving with tweezers or with a plane in the La'av, but not using scissors.
Does he hold of the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' or not?
(a) What does the La'av of Kesoves Ka'aka comprise?

(b) Does it make any difference what sort of dye one uses to fill the cut?

(c) How does Rebbi Shimon ben Yehudah qualify the La'av still further? What is his source for this?

(d) Rav Acha B'rei de'Rava thought that Rebbi Shimon requires the words "Ani Hashem" to be written on one's skin.
What did Rav Ashi tell him? How did he interpret the words "Ani Hashem"?

(a) What did Rav Malkiya Amar Rav Ada forbid a person to do? Why was that?

(b) According to Rav Chinena Brei de'Rav Ika, the author of 'Sh'fod', 'Shefachos' and 'Gumos' is Rav Malkiyo; of 'Beluris', 'Eifer Makleh' (our case) and 'Gevinah', Rav Malkiya.
What does Rav Papa say? What is the meaning of the Si'man 'Masnita Malkesa'?

(c) Over which case are they arguing?

(d) Rav Bibi bar Abaye was careful not to transgress this La'av when bloodletting.
What did Rav Ashi say?

(a) We already discussed the Mishnah's rulings regarding a Nazir who drinks wine after being warned not to.
What does the Tana say about a Kohen who renders himself Tamei Meis ...
  1. ... all day following one warning?
  2. ... after being warned, and then, when he is warned again, he does so again?
(b) And what does he say about someone who ...
  1. ... spends all day shaving off his Pe'os or wearing Kil'ayim (Sha'atnez)?
  2. ... following a warning, shaves one Pe'ah or wears Kil'ayim, and then, when he is warned a second time, he shaves of the other Pe'ah or transgresses the La'av of Sha'atnez again?
Answers to questions



(a) Our Mishnah presents a case where someone receives eight Malkos for plowing one furrow. The first Isur is that of plowing with an ox and a donkey.
Why does the Tana not then add Malkiyos by referring to a number of oxen and donkeys?

(b) What does the Tana mean when he adds 've'Hein Mukdashin'? What La'av does this refer to regarding ...

  1. ... the ox?
  2. ... the donkey?
(c) The fourth, fifth and sixth La'avin are Kil'ayim be'Kerem, Shevi'is and Yom-tov.
What are the last two La'avin referred to by the Tana Kama?
(a) On what grounds do the Rabbanan refute the opinion of Rebbi Chanina ben Chachinai, who adds that the sinner is also wearing Kil'ayim?

(b) How does Rebbi Chanina ben Chachinai counter their argument?

(c) How does Rav Bibi Amar Rebbi Yossi qualify the Halachah in our Mishnah (concerning Kil'ayim) 'Poshet ve'Lovesh, Chayav al Kol Achas ve'Achas'?

(d) According to Rav Acha B'rei de'Rav Ika, he actually has to remove the sleeve and put it on again.
What does Rav Ashi say?

(a) What did Rebbi Yanai say about 'ha'Chofeh (or 'ha'Mechapeh') be'Kil'ayim'? What does 'ha'Chofeh be'Kil'ayim' mean?

(b) On what occasion did he say this?

(c) When Rebbi Yochanan asked whether that is not what our Mishnah means when it says 'ha'Choresh ... u'va'Shevi'is', what did Rebbi Yanai reply?

(a) Resh Lakish was not impressed with Rebbi Yanai's praise of Rebbi Yochanan.
Why not? Who would then be the author?

(b) The Beraisa says 'ha'Menachesh (someone who weeds) ve'ha'Mechapeh be'Kil'ayim, Lokeh'.
What is the basis for 'Mechapeh'? Who is the author of the Beraisa"

(c) Rebbi Akiva actually concludes 'Af ha'Mekayem'.
What do the Chachachim who argue with him, say?

(d) Based on the Pasuk in Kedoshim "Behemt'cha Lo Sarbi'a Kil'ayim, Sadcha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim", what is Rebbi Akiva's source?

(a) Ula asked Rav Nachman why the Tana omitted someone who sowed on Yom-Tov. How does Ula interpret 'ha'Chofeh be'Kil'ayim' in light of the previous Sugya, for his Kashya to be relevant?

(b) On what grounds does Ula reject Rav Nachman's answer that the Tana omitted it because of the principle 'Tana ve'Shiyer' (the Tana learns some things, and omits others)?

(c) So how did Rabah explain the omission? What distinction did he draw between Shabbos and Yom-Tov that will explain it?

(d) What is the source for Rabah's distinction?

(e) What did Ula mean when, following Rabah's explanation, he said 'Ada Tehei'?

(a) How many sets of Malkos does the Beraisa prescribe for someone who cooks a Gid ha'Nasheh in milk on Yom-Tov and then eats it?

(b) He is Chayav for eating Gid ha'Nasheh and for cooking unnecessarily on Yom-Tov.
What are the other three Malkos for?

(c) What Kashya does Abaye ask from this Beraisa on Rabah's previous explanation?

(d) To answer Abaye's Kashya, we initially establish the Beraisa by the Gid ha'Nasheh of a Neveilah, and switch the fifth Malkos from 'Hav'arah' to 'Neveilah'.
On what grounds do we reject this answer? What did Rebbi Chiya, quoting another Beraisa, say about the composition of the Beraisa under discussion, that clashes with it?

(a) So we change the switch from the La'av of Neveilah to that of using the wood of an Asheirah (an idol-tree).
What is the source of this La'av?

(b) What does Rav Acha B'rei de'Rava ask on this from the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "ve'Lo Savi So'eivah el Beisecha"?

(c) So we finally establish the fifth set of Malkos, based on the Pasuk "va'Ashereihem Tisrefun ba'Eish ... Lo Sa'asun Kein la'Hashem Elokecha".
What did the sinner then do in order to transgress this La'av?

Answers to questions

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