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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Makos 24

MAKOS 21-24 - Ari Kornfeld has generously sponsored the Dafyomi publications for these Dafim for the benefit of Klal Yisrael.


(a) Of the six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos Yisrael were given, according to Rav Simla'i, how many La'avin are there and how many Asei'in? To what do they correspond?

(b) What is the hint in the Torah that there are six hundred and thirteen Mitzvos?

(c) How many (crucial) Mitzvos did David Hamelech bring it down to (see Aruch la'Ner)?

(d) "Holech Tamim" (which means 'to follow Hashem without any doubts') pertains to Avraham (about whom the Torah writes "His'halech Lefanai Veheyei Tamim", and Po'el Tzedek to the deeds of Aba Chilkiyah (as related in Ta'anis).
Which incident is Rebbi Simla'i referring to when he says that ...

  1. ... "ve'Dover Emes bi'Levavo" refers to Rav Safra?
  2. ... "Lo Ragal al Leshono" refers to Ya'akov Avinu?
(e) Then what made Ya'akov eventually condescend to go in to his father and lie?
(a) "Lo Asah le'Re'eihu Ra'ah" refers to someone who does not encroach on his fellow-Jew's business.
What does "ve'Cherpah Lo Nasa al Kerovo" refer to?

(b) "Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" refers to Chizkiyahu Hamelech, and "Yir'ei Hashem Yechabed" to King Yehoshafat. What did ...

  1. ... Chizkiyahu Hamelech do after his father's Achaz died? What does "Nivzeh be'Einav Nim'as" then mean?
  2. ... Yehoshafat used to do whenever he saw a Talmid-Chacham?
(c) "Knish ve'Lo Yamir" refers to Rebbi Yochanan.
What Shevu'ah did Rebbi Yochanan used to make?

(d) What does "Kaspo Lo Nasan be'Neshech" come to include?

(a) The last of the eleven things is "ve'Shochad al Naki Lo Lakach".
What does "al Naki" mean?

(b) And the example for this is Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi.
What did he do?

(c) The Pasuk concludes "Oseh Eileh Lo Yimot".
Why did that evoke tears on the part of Raban Gamliel?

(d) His colleagues reassured him that since the Pasuk does not write "Oseh Kol Eileh", it means that even one of them will already have the desired effect of causing one not to be moved.
From which Pasuk in Acharei-Mos did they prove this?

(a) Yeshayah brought the number of Mitzvos down further, to six main principles. "Holech Tzedakos" pertains once again, to Avraham Avinu.
Which Pasuk in Vayeira did the Navi have in mind?

(b) To what does "ve'Dover Mesharim" refer?

(c) "Mo'es be'Betza Ma'ashakos" pertains to Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, and "No'er Kapav mi'Temoch be'Shochad", to Rebbi Yishmael b'Rebbi Yossi (as we explained earlier).
What did Rebbi Yishmael ben Elisha, who was a Kohen, do, to earn this title?

(a) "Otem Ozno mi'Shemo'a Damim" pertains to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon, whereas Rebbi Chiya bar Aba explains "ve'Otzem Einav me'Re'os be'Ra".
To which incident (in 'ha'Socher es ha'Po'alim') with Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Shimon does this refer?

(b) How does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba explain "ve'Otzem Einav me'Re'os be'Ra"?

(c) What does the Navi say about all of these?

(a) Michah brought the brunt of the Mitzvos down to three, all contained in the Pasuk "Higid Lecha Adam Mah Tov u'Mah Hashem Doresh me'Imach ... ". What does he mean by "Ki-im Ass Mishpat ve'Ahavas Chesed"?

(b) On what grounds do we connect "Vehatzne'a Leches im Elokecha" with the Mitzvos of Hotza'as ha'Meis and Hachnasas Kalah?

(c) Why would we then Darshen a 'Kal va'Chomer' with regard to other Mitzvos (such as Tzedakah)?

(d) On which two Mitzvos did Yeshayah (for the second time) base the Torah?

(a) On what grounds does Rav Nachman bar Yitzchak object to the suggestion that Michah brought down the number of basic Mitzvos to one, when he said "Koh Amar Hashem le'Veis Yisrael, Dirshuni Vicheyu"?

(b) Why did the Nevi'im find it necessary to minimize the principles on which the Torah is based?

(c) On which solitary Mitzvah did Chavakuk finally base the entire Torah?

(a) What did Rebbi Yossi bar Chanina say about the four harsh decrees that Moshe issued against K'lal Yisrael?

(b) What did Moshe mean when he blessed Yisrael (in ve'Zos ha'Berachah) "Vayishkon Yisrael Badad Ein Ya'akov"?

(c) What did Amos say about that?

(d) How do we know that Hashem agreed with him?

(a) What had Moshe said that Yirmiyah negated when he said "Am Seridei Charev, Haloch Lehargi'o Yisrael"?

(b) What did Moshe say about the sins of the fathers?

(c) What did Yechezkel then say to counter it?

(d) Which harsh decree did Yeshayah negate when he said "Vehayah ba'Yom ha'Hu Yitaka be'Shofar Gadol"?

(a) Rav was afraid of the Pasuk in Bechukosai "Va'avadtem ba'Goyim".
What did Rav Papa comment on that?

(b) And what did Mar Zutra comment on the suggestion that maybe it was the continuation of the Pasuk that Rav feared "ve'Achlah Osam Eretz Oyveichem"?

Answers to questions



(a) Why did ...
  1. ... Raban Gamliel, Rebbi Elazar ben Azaryah and Rebbi Yehoshua begin to weep when they heard sounds of rejoicing in Rome?
  2. ... Rebbi Akiva laugh?
(b) On another occasion, when the same four Tana'im reached Har ha'Tzofim, they rent their garments.
Why did they do that?

(c) What did they see that caused the same three Tana'im to weep when they reached the Har ha'Bayis?

(d) Again Rebbi Akiva began to laugh, but this time because of the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ve'a'idah Li Eidim Ne'emanim es Uri'ah ha'Kohen ve'es Zecharyah ben Berechyah".
What is the problem with the juxtaposition of these two Nevi'im?

(a) What is the gist of the prophesy of ...
  1. ... Uri'ah ha'Kohen (in Michah)?
  2. ... Zecharyah ben Berechyah?
(b) Then what was it that caused Rebbi Akiva to laugh?

(c) How did the other Tana'im react to Rebbi Akiva's explanation?

***** Hadran Alach Eilu Hein ha'Lokin, u'Selika Lah Maseches Makos *****

Answers to questions

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