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CHARTS FOR LEARNING THE DAILY DAF
brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Har Nof
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Megilah Chart #1
TA'ANIS Daf 3a-3b
WHEN TWO MITZVOS PRESENT THEMSELVES,
WHICH ONE TAKES PRECEDENCE? (SEE INSIGHTS)
READING THE MEGILAH IF IT WILL NOT BE POSSIBLE TO READ "B'ROV AM" LATER
READING THE MEGILAH IF IT WILL NOT BE POSSIBLE TO READ IT AT ALL LATER
(OF A YACHID(3))
BURIAL OF A
(1) Even to read the Megilah in the presence of a greater number of people
(b'Rov Am), we push off Talmud Torah. This is evident from the statement
regarding Rebbi, who pushed off the Talmud Torah of his students in order to
hear the Megilah in the synagogue, even though he could have read it with his
students after teaching them (RASHBA, RAN Daf 5a).
(2) Since the Mitzvah of Talmud Torah applies at all moments, if one does not
learn Torah and instead is involved in another Mitzvah, that Mitzvah has
*overriden* (and not just delayed) the Mitzvah of learning Torah for that
moment, since that moment of learning Torah can never be compensated for.
(VILNA GAON on the Shulchan Aruch)
(3) This refers to any Talmud Torah which does not involve all of the Jewish
people (Magen Avraham).
(4) This applies to all other Mitzvos of the Torah as well.
(5) The RAMBAN (Toras ha'Adam) and SHILTEI GIBORIM write that this refers
only to a Mes Mitzvah, and not to a regular Mes (this is also the ruling of
the VILNA GA'ON, but he adds that if the burial of a regular Mes has *already
begun*, then it is like a Mes Mitzvah and overrides Megilah, as is mentioned
in the Mishnah in Berachos (17b)). The words of the REMA imply that the
burial of a regular Mes overrides Megilah as well, if there are not enough
people to take care of all of the needs of the burial.
(6) This is because, as the RAN writes, a Mitzvah d'Oraisa (Avodah) overrides
a Mitzvah d'Rabanan (Megilah). However, PISKEI TOSFOS (cited by the GILYON
HA'SHAS) writes that Megilah still takes precedence, and so writes the VILNA
GA'ON and the TAZ (in OC 687).
(7) This is the view of the MIZRACHI in his Hagahos to the Semag (cited by
the Beis Yosef). However, the VILNA GA'ON, TAZ, and MAGEN AVRAHAM argue and
say that even in such a case, when there will be no other opportunity to read
the Megilah, Mes Mitzvah overrides Megilah. (Their ruling, however, applies
only to a Mes Mitzvah, but not to a regular Mes which has people to take care
of the burial -- Mishnah Berurah).
(8) This does *not* apply to a Talmid Chacham who died, in which case the
honor of Torah of the Talmid Chacham overrides the Mitzvah of Megilah
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