POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Megilah 15
1) THE MALE PROPHETS
(a) The previous Beraisa listed 8 prophets. Some of them were
fathers of prophets, but we do not find that they
2) THE 4 BEAUTIFUL WOMEN
(b) Question: What is the source that the fathers were also
(c) Answer: As Ula said - when a prophet father's name is
mentioned, this shows that the father was also a prophet;
if his father's name is not mentioned, this shows that
the father was not a prophet.
1. If his city is mentioned, he was from that city; if
his city is not mentioned, he was from Yerushalayim.
(d) (Rav Nachman): Malaki is Mordechai; he is called Malaki,
because he was 2nd to the king.
2. (Beraisa): When a man and his ancestors are
mentioned, if the deeds of one are praised, this
applies to all listed.
i. "The word of Hashem which was to Tzefanyah
Ben Kushi Ben Gedalyah" - he and his
father must have been tzadikim.
ii. If the deeds of one are degraded, this
applies to all listed.
iii. "It was in the 7th month, Yishmael Ben
Nesanyah Ben Elishama", he and his father
(e) Question (Beraisa): Baruch Ben Neriyah, Serayah Ben
Ma'asiyah, Daniel, Mordechai, Bilshan, Chagi, Zecharyah
and Malaki, all prophesized in the 2nd year of Daryavesh
(f) (Beraisa): R. Yehoshua Ben Karcha says, Malaki is Ezra;
Chachamim say, Malaki is his name.
(g) (Rav Nachman): It appears as the one who says that he is
Ezra, since it says in the prophecy of Malaki, "Yehuda
was traitorous, and an abomination was done in Yisrael
and in Yerushalayim, for Yehuda has desecrated the
sanctity of Hashem that he loved, and has had relations
with the daughter of a foreign god.
1. Ezra is the one who separated (men from their)
foreign wives, as it says "And Shechanyah Ben
Yechi'el from the sons of Eilam answered, and said
to Ezra, we have transgressed against our Lord, and
returned foreign women.
(a) (Beraisa): There were 4 exceedingly beautiful women in
the world: Sarah, Avigayil, Rachav and Esther.
3) ESTHER GOES TO THE KING
1. The opinion that says that Esther was green will
substitute Vashti for Esther.
(b) (Beraisa): Rachav incited with her name, Ya'el with her
voice, Avigayil with her mention, Michal Bas Shaul with
1. (R. Yitzchak): Anyone who says "Rachav, Rachav" will
immediately have an emission.
2. (Rav Nachman): I can say it and it won't affect me.
3. (R. Yitzchak): I was referring to those that know
and recognize her.
(a) "And Mordechai knew everything that happened" (Rav): That
Haman rose above Achashverosh.
4) EXPOUNDINGS OF R. ELAZAR
1. (Shmuel): The higher king overpowered the lower king
(a euphemism for the opposite).
(b) Question: "*Vatischalchal* the queen" - what is
(c) Answer#1 (Rav): She became a Nidah.
(d) Answer#2 (R. Yirmiyah): She needed to go to the bathroom.
(e) "And Esther called to Hasach" (Rav): Hasach is Daniel; he
is called Hasach, because *Chatchuhu* (they cut him) from
(f) (Shmuel): Because all royal matters *Nichtachin* (are
executed) through him.
(g) "To know what is this and on what is this" (R. Yitzchak):
She sent to Mordechai: Perhaps Yisrael has transgressed
the 5 Chumashim, that is says in them, "they are written
(the tablets) from this (side) and from this they are
(h) "They told to Mordechai the word of Esther" - but Hasach
didn't - we see from here, one does not return when the
(i) "Improperly" (R. Aba): Until now, she was forced to go to
the king; now, she would go willingly.
(j) "And as I am lost, I am lost" - As I am lost from
father's house, I am lost to you.
(k) "*v'Ya'avor* Mordechai" (Rav): *He'evir" (he passed) the
1st day of Pesach in a fast.
1. (Shmuel): *Avar* (he crossed) a stream (to gather
Jews to fast).
(l) Question: "And it was on the 3rd day, Esther donned
royalty" - it should say royal clothing!
i. Answer: Rather, Ruach ha'Kodesh clothed her; it
says here, "she donned"; it says there, "A
spirit clothed Amasai".
(a) (R. Elazar): The blessing of a commoner should not be
light in your eyes: 2 greats of the generation were
blessed by commoners, and the blessings were fulfilled! -
Dovid and Daniel.
1. Aronah blessed Dovid, as it says, "And Aronah said
to the king ..."
(b) (R. Elazar): The curse of a commoner should not be light
in your eyes - Avimelech cursed Sarah, "this is to you a
covering of the eyes", and it was fulfilled in her seed,
"And when Yitzchak grew old, his eyes weakened."
2. Daniel, who was blessed by Daryavesh, as it says
"Your Lord that you always serve will save you".
(c) (R. Elazar): See, Hashem's way is unlike that of flesh
and blood. A person sets a pot (on an oven), then fills
it with water; Hashem fills it with water and then sets
it down, to fulfill what it says, "To his voice you give
much water in Heaven".
(d) (R. Elazar): Whoever says something in the name of the
one who said it brings redemption to the world, as it
says, "And Esther told the king in the name of
(e) (R. Elazar): When a tzadik dies, he is lost to his
generation. This is like a man that lost a jewel.
Wherever it is, it is a jewel, it is only lost to the
(f) (R. Elazar): When Haman saw Mordechai sitting in the gate
of the king, he said, "all this is not worth to me" - as
Rav Chisda, who said, (Mordechai) came with his Pruzbul
(document), and Haman came with his Pruzbuti (he claimed
that he had no money to pay his debt).
(g) (Rav Papa): (Mordechai) called him a slave that was sold
5) ESTHER COMES TO THE KING
(h) "And all this is not worth to me" - this teaches that all
his treasures were carved on his heart, and when he sees
Mordechai sitting in the gate of the king, he said "And
all this is not worth to me".
(i) (R. Elazar): In the future, Hashem will be a crown on the
head of every tzadik, as it says, "On that day Hashem
will be *l'Ateres (as a crown) Tzevi ... (ul'Tzefiras
1. What is *l'Ateres Tzevi ul'Tzefiras Tifarah*? To
those who do *Tzivyono* (his will) *ul'Matzfin
Tifarto* (and look forward to his glory).
(j) The attribute of judgment said in front of Hashem, how
are these different than these?
2. Perhaps, to all? The verse teaches, "*l'Sheir Amo*
(to the remnant of his nation)", to one who makes
himself like *Shirayim* (leftovers).
3. "And to a spirit of law" - this is one who judges
his *Yetzer* (desires).
4. "And to one who sits on the law" - one who judges a
case to its utter truth.
5. "And to might" - one who overcomes his Yetzer.
6. "That return (from) war" - they debate in the war of
7. "To the gate" - these are Chachamim that are early
and late in shuls and Beis Medrashes.
(k) Hashem: Yisrael engaged in Torah, the other nations
didn't engage in Torah.
(l) Attribute of judgment: These also stumbled in wine and
beer, and were judged for Gehenom. (According to the text
in Sanhedrin 111B, this was said by Hashem; unworthy
Jewish judges were duly punished.)
1. *Paku* is a language of Gehenom, as it says, "This
should not be for you *l'Fuka* (a pitfall)".
2. *Peliliyah* is a language of judges, as it says,
"And he will give *b'Flilim* (according to judges)".
(a) "Esther stood in the inner courtyard of the palace." (R.
Levi): When she reached the place where the idols are
kept, Ruach ha'Kodesh departed from her.
6) QUESTION: WHY DID ESTHER INVITE HAMAN?
(b) "Keli, Keli, why have you abandoned me" - do you judge
unintended as intended, coerced as willing?
1. Perhaps, because I called Achashverosh a dog ("Save
my soul from a sword, from a dog")?
(c) Achashverosh: "Esther, what is your request? Up to
*Chetzi* (half) the kingdom" - but not the whole kingdom,
nor something which divides the kingdom, i.e. building
2. She retracted, and called him a lion - "Save me from
the mouth of the lion".
3. "When the king saw Esther" - (R. Yochanan): 3 angels
came: 1 raised her neck, 1 stretched a string of
Chesed over her, and 1 one stretched the scepter.
4. (R. Yirmiyah): The scepter was 2 Amos, and it
stretched to 12; other opinions say 16; some say 24.
A Beraisa says 60; Rabah Bar Ufron says 200.
i. Similarly, Paro's daughter's hand stretched to
ii. Similarly, the teeth of the wicked elongate -
"The teeth of the wicked *Shibarta* (you
broke)" - (Reish Lakish): Read *Shirvavta* (you
(a) Answer#1 (R. Eliezer): She set a trap for him.
7) THE DOWNFALL OF HAMAN
(b) Answer#2 (R. Yehoshua): "If your enemy is hungry, feed
(c) Answer#3 (R. Meir): So he shouldn't take counsel and
(d) Answer#4 (R. Yehuda): So they shouldn't know that she is
(e) Answer#5 (R. Nechemyah): So Yisrael should not say, we
have a sister in the palace, and slacken from davening.
(f) Answer#6 (R. Yosi): So Haman should be always available
to her (to make him stumble).
(g) Answer#7 (R. Shimon Ben Menasya): Perhaps Hashem will
feel (my disgrace) and do a miracle for us.
(h) Answer#8 (R. Yehoshua Ben Karcha): I will cause both of
us to be killed.
(i) Answer#9 (R. Gamliel): Achashverosh is wishy-washy (if he
agrees to kill Haman, and does not do so immediately, he
may change his mind); we still need the coming answer.
(j) Answer#10 (R. Eliezer ha'Mod'ai): So the king and
ministers should envy Haman.
(k) Answer#11 (Raba): "Before a fall, pride".
(l) Answer#12 (Abaye and Rava): "I will set their feasts with
poison" (the wicked are punished through their feasts).
(m) Eliyahu told Rabah Bar Avuhah, Esther invited him for all
these reasons given.
(a) "Haman told them of his honor, wealth, and many sons".
1. (Rav): Haman had 30 sons: 10 died, 10 were hung, and
10 begged for bread.
(b) "That night, the king's sleep was disturbed".
2. (Rabanan): 70 begged for bread.
3. (Rami Bar Aba): In all, he had 208, as the Gematria
i. Question: The Gematria is 214!
ii. Answer (Rav Nachman Bar Yitzchak): "v'Rov" is
written lacking a *Vov*, so its value is 208.
1. Opinion#1 (R. Tanchum): The "king" is Hashem.
(c) "And they were being read" - by themselves!
2. Opinion#2 (Rabanan): The angels were also up
(provoking Achashverosh to reward Mordechai, or
3. Opinion#3 (Rava): Achashverosh's sleep was
disturbed; why, suddenly did Esther invite Haman -
perhaps they are plotting to kill me!
i. If so - why didn't anyone tell me? Perhaps -I
neglected to reward someone for a favor,
therefore, no one is telling me! Immediately,
"the king asked to bring the chronicles".
(d) "And it was found written" - Shimshai (the evil scribe)
was erasing, and Gavri'el was writing.