POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
by Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Megilah 23
MEGILAH 21-24 (3rd-6th days of Sukos 5760) - sponsored by Harav Ari Bergmann
of Lawrence, N.Y., out of love for Torah and those who study it.
1) YOM KIPUR AND SHABBOS
(a) (Mishnah): 5 read on Yom Tov, 6 on Yom Kipur.
2) THE COUNT OF READERS
(b) Question: Our Mishnah is unlike both of the coming
(c) (Beraisa): R. Yishmael: 5 read on Yom Tov, 6 on Yom
Kipur, and 7 on Shabbos; we may not detract nor add to
(d) R. Akiva: 7 read on Yom Kipur, and 6 on Shabbos.
1. The Mishnah allows adding readers, unlike R.
Yishmael; the number of readers is unlike R. Akiva!
(e) Answer (Rava): The Mishnah is like the following Tana:
(f) (Beraisa - Tana d'Vei R. Yishmael): 5 read on Yom Tov, 6
on Yom Kipur, 7 on Shabbos; we may add but not detract
1. There is a disagreement on the opinion of R.
(g) (Beraisa): On Yom Tov we come late to shul and leave
early; on Yom Kipur we come early and leave late; on
Shabbos, we come early and leave early.
(h) Suggestion: This is like R. Akiva, who says that the most
people read on Yom Kipur.
(i) Rejection: It can be like R. Yishmael - additional
prayers of Yom Kipur elongate the service.
(a) Question: What do the 3, 5 and 7 readers (on Monday,
Thursday and Shabbos afternoon/ Yom Tov/ Shabbos)
3) WHO MAY BE COUNTED AMONG THE 7
(b) Conflicting answers were given by R. Yitzchak Bar
Nachmani and R. Shimon Ben Pazi.
(c) Answer#1: To the numbers of words in the 3 verses of
(d) Answer#2: To the 3 gatekeepers, 5 of those that receive
the king, and the 7 that receive him.
1. Rav Yosef taught as the 1st answer. Abaye: why
didn't you teach this earlier?
(e) Question (Yakov Minah): What do the 6 of Yom Kipur
2. Rav Yosef - I didn't realize that you needed to know
- did you ever ask me anything which I didn't
(f) Answer (Rav Yehuda): To the 6 that stood to the right of
Ezra, and to his left.
(g) Question: The verse lists 7 to his left!
(h) Answer: Zacharyah is Meshulam; he is called Meshulam
because his deeds Mishlam (are pure).
(a) (Beraisa): All count towards the 7, even children and
women, but a woman should not read in the congregation,
because of their honor.
(b) Question: Does Maftir count as part of the 7?
(c) Rav Huna and Rav Yirmiya Bar Ava argued; one said yes,
one said no.
1. The opinion that says yes - for he reads!
(d) Question (Beraisa): The Maftir must read at least 21
verses in the prophet, corresponding to the 7 that read
in the Torah. If the Maftir is not among the 7, 8 read,
24 verses should be required!
2. The opinion that says no - as Ula said, the Maftir
only reads in the Torah to show honor to the Torah
(above the prophets); therefore, he does not count
as part of the 7.
(e) Answer: Since the Maftir reads in Torah only to honor the
Torah, we need not read corresponding to him.
(f) Question (Rava): We read a Haftorah "Oloseichem", of less
than 21 verses!
4) THINGS WHICH REQUIRE A MINYAN
(g) Answer: That is different, since the subject is
(h) Question: When the subject is not completed, 21 are
1. Many times, Rav Shmuel Bar Aba read in front of R.
Yochanan, and was told to stop after 10 verses!
(i) Answer: Where there is a translator is different.
1. (Rav Tachlifa Bar Shmuel): 21 only applies where
there is no translator; where there is one, less are
(a) (Mishnah): The following all require 10 men:
5) READING IN THE TORAH AND PROPHETS
1. Pores Al Shma (To say Kaddish, Borechu, and the
first blessing before Krias Shma);
(b) (Gemara - R. Chiya Bar Aba): We learn from "I will be
sanctified b'Soch (amidst) Bnei Yisrael" that matters of
sanctity (the first 5 subjects in the Mishnah) require
2. The Chazan's repetition of the 18 blessings of
3. Birkas Kohanim;
4. Reading the Torah (with blessings before and after);
5. Reading from the prophets;
6. Interruptions during a funeral procession;
7. The blessing to console mourners;
8. A reception line to greet mourners;
9. Blessing of a Chasan;
10. 'Zimun' with Hashem's name;
11. The redemption of land, or people.
i. For this last case, 1 of the 10 must be a
(c) Question: How do we learn this?
(d) Answer: A Gezerah Shaveh, Toch-Toch; another verse says,
"mi'Toch (from) this congregation". Another Gezerah
Shaveh teaches that the verse refers to the evil members
of the congregation (of spies), of which there were 10.
(e) Interruptions during a funeral procession - since we say
'stop, dear ones' - it is improper to use this language
for less than 10.
(f) The blessing of mourners is what is said in the street.
1. (R. Yitzchak): Mourners do not count as part of the
10. The Chasan does count towards the 10 needed for
the blessing of Chasanim.
(g) Zimun with Hashem's name - it is not proper to say "Let
us bless our G-d" with less than 10.
(h) (Shmuel): Evaluation of land is learned from the 10 times
"Kohen" is written regarding redemption.
1. We apply the following principle: if a restriction
is repeated, it comes to include (i.e. the last 9
need not be Kohanim).
(i) Question: What is the redemption of man - man cannot
2. Question: We should say that 5 (every alternate one)
is a restriction! This question is unresolved.
(j) Answer (R. Avahu): He said, I pledge my value to Hekdesh,
so he must be evaluated.
1. (Beraisa): One who pledges his value to Hekdesh is
evaluated as a slave.
2. Slaves are compared to land, therefore, 10 are
(a) (Mishnah): One may not read less than 3 verses in the
Torah; one does not read a 2nd verse until the translator
translates the 1st verse.