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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 4

MEGILAH 2-5 (Elul 27-Rosh Hashanah 5760) - have been dedicated by Dr. Jack and Sarah Dimenstein of Zurich Switzerland. May they be blessed with a year of health and prosperity, physical and spiritual!


(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi also said that Lud, Ono and Gei ha'Charashim were walled cities in the time of Yehoshua bin Nun.
To which tribe did they belong?

(b) Why does he need to tell us this, considering that the first two are already mentioned in the Mishnah in Erchin?

(c) Who rebuilt Lud and Ono, Yehoshua, Elpa'el or Asa? What do we prove from the Pasuk in Divrei Hayamim (regarding Asa) "va'Yomer li'Yehudah, Nivneh es *he'Arim ha'Eileh*"?

(d) Considering that the above cities belonged to *Binyamin*, how come that Asa, King of *Yehudah*, rebuilt them?

(a) Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi furthermore rules that women too, are obligated to read the Megilah (in spite of the fact that it is a time-related Mitzvah). Why is that?

(b) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi rule with regard to Purim that falls on Shabbos?

(c) What Takanah did Moshe Rabeinu institute with regard to Pesach, Shavu'os and Sukos?

(d) In view of Moshe's ruling (which obviously extends to all minor Yamim- Tovim as well), why did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi find it necessary to issue *his*?

(a) What did Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Elokai Ekra Yomam ve'Lo Sa'aneh, ve'Laylah ve'Lo Dumi'ah Li"?

(b) How did they initially interpret *'u'le'Shanosah* ba'Yom'?

(c) From which other Pasuk in Tehilim might we learn the same thing?

Answers to questions



(a) According to Rebbi Chanina's initial statement, the Chachamim permitted the villagers to read the Megilah early, so that they should be free on Purim to provide the people in the cities with water and food (for the Purim Se'udah).
If this Takanah is for the benefit of the people of the city, why does the Mishnah then say that when the fourteenth falls on ...
  1. ... Monday, they read the Megilah then?
  2. ... Thursday, they read the Megilah then?
(b) Rebbi Chanina's initial statement is disproved however, by Rebbi Yehudah, who says in a Mishnah later that, where it is not customary for the villagers to go into the towns, they must read the Megilah on the fourteenth (implying that the concession is for *their own* benefit).
How do we therefore amend Rebbi Chanina's statement to read?
5) Our Mishnah began by listing the five possible dates on which the Megilah can be read.
Why, when going into detail, does the Tana switch to the days of the week?


(a) According to the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, when Purim (the fourteenth of Adar) falls on Friday, the townspeople read the Megilah together with the villagers on Thursday.
What does Rebbi say?

(b) Both Tana'im derive their respective opinions from the Pasuk "be'Chol Shanah ve'Shanah".
How does ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama derive his opinion from there?
  2. ... Rebbi derive *his*?
(c) Why does the Tana Kama not want to say that, just like every year, the towns should read on the fourteenth, and Rebbi, that just like every year, the towns should precede the Mukafin?
(a) In another Beraisa, the Tana Kama says that the Mukafin read on Thursday together with the villagers.
How does he then explain "be'Chol Shanah ve'Shanah"?

(b) What does Rebbi Yossi say? How does he counter the Tana Kama's Derashah?

(c) According to this, who will now be the author of our Mishnah, which rules that, when Purim falls on Friday, the towns read the Megilah together with the Mukafin, on Friday?

8) How will we reconcile Rebbi (who just said that the townspeople do not advance the reading of the Megilah from Friday to Thursday) with what he himself writes in another Beraisa, that, when Purim falls on Shabbos, the townspeople advance the reading to Thursday, and read together with the villagers (and not on Friday)?


(a) Rebbi Chelbo Amar Rav Huna says that, when Purim falls on Shabbos, 'all advance the reading to Thursday'.
Why can this statement not be understood literally?

(b) Then what does he really mean to say?

(c) Like which Tana does he hold?

(d) What does the Tana Kama of Rebbi's Beraisa say?

(a) Everyone agrees however, that one does not read the Megilah on Shabbos. What reason does Rabah give for this decree?

(b) Why does Rabah mention carrying four Amos in the street, rather than carrying from the house into the street, which is certainly more common?

(c) Rav Yosef adds another reason for the decree.
What is it?

(d) On what grounds are we forced to admit that Rav Yosef does not disagree with Rabah's reason, but only comes to add an additional one (see Tosfos DH 've'Rav Yosef')?

(a) The Beraisa which the Gemara quotes to substantiate Rav Yosef's reason, says '*Af-al-Pi* she'Amru Kefarim Makdimin le'Yom ha'Kenisah, Govin Bo be'Yom u'Mechalkin Bo be'Yom'.
How do we amend this text?

(b) What is the Tana saying?

(c) When will the villagers fulfill the Mitzvah of Mishlo'ach Manos and Se'udas Purim?

Answers to questions

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