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prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem

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Megilah 7

MEGILAH 6-10 sponsored by a generous grant from an anonymous donor. Kollel Iyun Hadaf is indebted to him for his encouragement and support and prays that Hashem will repay him in kind.


(a) What did Esther mean when she requested of the Chachamim 'Kav'uni la'Doros'?

(b) What did she reply when they initially declined, on the grounds that doing so would only incite the hatred of the Nochrim?

(c) And when she asked them to include Megilas Esther among the holy writings, what did they mean when they quoted the Pasuk in Mishlei "ha'Lo Kasavti Lecha Shalishim"?

(a) The Chachamim relented however, on account of the Pasuk in Beshalach "K'sov Zos Zikaron ba'Seifer".
How did this Pasuk cause them to change their minds?

(b) The above explanation is the opinion of Rebbi Elazar ha'Muda'i.
How does Rebbi Yehoshua explain this Pasuk?

(c) What can we infer from Shmuel's statement that Esther does not render one's hands Tamei?

(d) How do we reconcile this with another statement of his, where he says that Esther was said with Ru'ach ha'Kodesh?

(a) According to Rebbi Meir, Koheles does not render the hands Tamei, and there is a Machlokes by Shir ha'Shirim; according to Rebbi Yossi, there is a Machlokes by Koheles, Shir ha'Shirim definitely does.
What does Rebbi Shimon say about ...
  1. ... Koheles?
  2. ... Rus, Shir ha'Shirim and Esther?
(b) How do we reconcile Shmuel (who just said that Esther does not render the hands Tamei) with Rebbi Shimon (nor do either of the other two Tana'im in the Beraisa argue with him with regard to Rus and Esther?

(c) On what grounds does Rebbi Shimon ben Menasya maintain that Koheles does not render the hands Tamei?

(d) It appears from the Pasuk in Melachim "Vayedaber Sheloshes Alafim Mashal (which are *not* recorded) that those parables that *are* (including Koheles) were said with Ru'ach ha'Kodesh. We finally prove it from a Pasuk in Mishlei. Which Pasuk?

(a) The Tana'im bring a number of proofs that Esther was said with Ru'ach ha'Kodesh. Some say from "Vayomer Haman be'Libo" (Rebbi Eliezer), others from "va'Tehi Esther Noseis Chein be'Einei Kol Ro'ehah" (Rebbi Akiva) ... from "Vayivada ha'Davar le'Mordechai" (Rebbi Meir) ... and from "u'va'Bizah Lo Shalchu es Yadam" (Rebbi Yossi ben Durmaskis). What proof does Shmuel bring?

(b) According to Rava, there is a flaw in each of the Tanas' proofs.
What is the flaw in the proof from ...

  1. ... "Vayomer Haman be'Libo"?
  2. ... "va'Tehi Esther Noseis Chein be'Einei Kol Ro'ehah"?
  3. ... "Vayivada ha'Davar le'Mordechai"?
  4. ... ""u'va'Bizah Lo Shalchu es Yadam"?
(c) What did Rava mean when he quoted a folk-saying 'one sharp pepper is better than baskets-full of melons'?
(a) What Halachic inference can we make from the words ...
  1. ... "u'Mishlo'ach Manos Ish le'Re'eihu"?
  2. ... "u'Matanos la'Evyonim"?
(b) What did Rebbi Oshaya say to Rebbi Yehudah Nesi'a when he sent him the thigh of a third calf and a flask of wine?

(c) When Rabah gave Abaye Sh'lach Manos which included a sack of dates to take to Mari bar Mar, what did Abaye comment to Rabah?

(d) What did he then comment to Mari when he sent him back with a sack of ginger and a cupful of long peppers?

Answers to questions



(a) What happened to Abaye when, after leaving Rabah's house fully satisfied, he arrived at Mari bar Mar?

(b) What folk-saying did he quote to prove his point?

(c) Abaye bar Avin and Rav Chanina bar Avin were both very poor.
How did they kill two birds with one stone on Purim?

(a) How drunk is one obligated to become on Purim?

(b) What happened one Purim, when Rabah and Rebbi Zeira fulfilled that Mitzvah?

(c) What did Rebbi Zeira reply when, the following year, Rabah suggested that they eat their Purim Se'udah together again?

(a) What do we learn from the Pasuk in Esther "*Yemei* Mishteh ve'Simchah"?

(b) What did Rav Ashi comment when Ameimar assumed that the Rabbanan were late for the Derashah one Purim because they were busy with the Purim Se'udah?

(c) Ameimar corrected him.
What did he teach him?

(d) How many times did Rav Ashi ask Ameimar to repeat it?

(a) According to our Mishnah, the only difference between what is permitted and what is forbidden on Shabbos and on Yom-Tov is 'Ochel Nefesh'. The author of our Mishnah cannot be Rebbi Yehudah, who permits something else on Yom-Tov that is forbidden on Shabbos.
What is it?

(b) The Tana of our Mishnah learns from the Pasuk in Bo "Hu" 've'Lo Machshirav'. Rebbi Yehudah learns his concession from a Pasuk in the same Parshah.
Which Pasuk?

(c) What does ...

  1. ... the Tana Kama learn from "Lachem"?
  2. ... Rebbi Yehudah learn from "Hu"?
(d) What is an example of a Melachah that could not have been performed on Erev Yom-Tov?
(a) What is the only difference between the Melachos of Shabbos and those of Yom Kipur?

(b) The author of our Mishnah must be Rebbi Nechunyah ben ha'Kanah who holds that Shabbos and Yom Kipur have the same Din as regards 'Tashlumin'.
What does this mean?

(c) What do the Rabbanan say?

(a) We learned in a Mishnah in Makos that, according to Rebbi Chananyah ben Gamliel, all Chayvei Kerisus who receive Malkos, are absolved from Kareis. What comment did Rebbi Yochanan make regarding that Mishnah?

(b) How did Rava try to prove Rebbi Yochanan's statement from our Mishnah?

(c) Rav Nachman (bar Yitzchak) refutes Rava's proof by establishing our Mishnah like Rebbi Yitzchak.
What does Rebbi Yitzchak say?

(d) Rav Ashi considers that unnecessary. He refutes Rava's proof even if the author is not Rebbi Yitzchak.
How does he do that?

Answers to questions

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