REVIEW QUESTIONS ON GEMARA AND RASHI
prepared by Rabbi Eliezer Chrysler
Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Jerusalem
Previous daf Megilah 31
(a) According to the Beraisa, the Haftarah on the first day of Pesach is
that of Pesach Gilgal in Yehoshua.
Nowadays in Chutz la'Aretz (when there
are two days Yom-Tov) ...
(b) On the seventh day of Pesach ...
- ... which Haftarah does one read on the second day of Pesach?
- ... what does one Lein on the four days of Chol ha'Mo'ed (whose Si'man is 'M.a.p.u.' - i.e. 'Mem', 'Aleph', 'Pey', 'Vav')?
(c) What do they Lein on the eighth day of Pesach?
- ... what do they Lein? Why is that
- ... which Haftarah do they read?
(d) Why do they read the Haftarah of "Od ha'Yom" from Yeshayah on the eighth
(a) In practice, the current Minhag differs greatly from the above Beraisa.
The first half of the Si'man for all the eight days is 'Meshach Tura Kadeish
The one Yom-Tov d'Oraysa on which the entire Leining remains unchanged from
the ruling of the Beraisa, is Yom Kipur.
What is the second half?
(b) On Shavu'os, says the Tana Kama of the Beraisa, one Leins "Shiv'ah
Shavu'os" (Re'ei), and reads the Haftarah from Chavakuk; according to
Acheirim (Rebbi Meir), "ba'Chodesh ha'Shelishi" (Yisro) and the Haftarah in
What does one do in Chutz la'Aretz nowadays?
(c) On Rosh Hashanah, according to the Tana Kama, one Leins "ba'Chodesh
ha'Shevi'i" (Pinchas), and the Haftarah, the episode of Chanah (Shmuel) ;
others (Rebbi Nasan) say, "va'Hashem Pakad es Sarah" (va'Yeira), and the
Haftarah "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" (Yirmiyah). We follow the opinion of
Rebbi Nasan on the first day.
On the second day ...
(d) Why do we Lein the Haftarah of ...
- ... which Parshah do they (and we) Lein?
- ... which Haftarah do they (and we) read?
- ... Chanah on the first day of Rosh Hashanah
- ... "ha'Vein Yakir Li Ephrayim" on the second?
Which Parshah ...
- ... do we Lein in the morning, and which Haftarah?
- ... do we Lein at Minchah, and which Haftarah?
(a) Based on one of the Pesukim in the Haftarah on Yom Kipur (Yeshayah),
Rebbi Yochanan makes a statement.
What does he learn from the Pasuk "Koh
Amar Hashem Ram ve'Nisa Shochen Ad ve'Kadosh ... ve'es Daka u'Sh'fal
(b) Does he have any other sources for this?
(c) According to the Tana of the Beraisa, on the first day of Sukos we Lein
the Parshah of Mo'ados from Emor, and the Haftarah "Hinei Yom Hashem Bo"
(Zecharyah), because it deals with the celebration of Chag ha'Sukos.
the second day in Chutz la'Aretz ...
- ... which Parshah do they Lein?
- ... which Haftarah do they read (from Melachim 1)
(a) On Shemini Atzeres, they Lein "Kol ha'Bechor" (Re'ei).
Why do they
begin already from "Aser Te'aser" (which they do not do on Pesach)?
(b) The Haftarah is also from Melachim "va'Yikahalu el ha'Melech Shlomoh".
Why is that?
(c) On Simchas Torah, they Lein "ve'Zos ha'B'rachah".
Which Haftarah do
they read, according to the Tana of the Beraisa (see Tosfos DH 'le'Machar')?
(a) What do they (and we) Lein both on Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach and on Chol
Answers to questions
(b) Why do they read the Haftarah ...
(c) On Chanukah, we Lein the Parshah of the Chanukas ha'Nesi'im (Naso).
Which Haftarah do we read ...
- ... of the dry bones of Yechezkel on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Pesach?
- ... of Gog and Magog on Shabbos, Chol ha'Mo'ed Sukos?
(d) On Purim, we Lein "va'Yavo Amalek" (Beshalach), and on Rosh Chodesh,
"u'v'Roshei Chodsheichem" (Pinchas).
- ... on the first Shabbos of Chanukah?
- ... on the second Shabbos of Chanukah (should Chanukah fall on Shabbos)?
Which Haftarah do we read when Rosh
Chodesh falls ...
- ... on Shabbos?
- ... on Sunday?
(a) When Rosh Chodesh Av falls on Shabbos, we read the Haftarah from
Yeshayah "Chodsheichem u'Mo'adeichem San'ah Nafshi, Hayu Alai la'Torach"
(according to Rav Huna Amar Rav - see Tosfos DH 'Rosh Chodesh').
the meaning of "Hayu Alai la'Torach"?
(b) According to Rav Huna Amar Rav, which Haftarah do we read on Tish'ah
(c) Various Amora'im give various rulings as to what one Leins on Tish'ah
What is the Gemara's conclusion?
(d) Which Haftarah do we read on Tish'ah be'Av?
(a) Why did the men of the Ma'amados Lein from Ma'aseh Bereishis?
(b) What was Avraham's concern when ...
(c) What was Hashem's reply?
- ... Hashem told him that his children would inherit Eretz Yisrael?
- ... He informed him that the world rests on the merit of the Korbanos?
(a) According to Rebbi Chiya bar Gamda Amar Rebbi Asi, it is forbidden to
stop in the middle of the K'lalos, because it looks as if one is rejecting
What reason does Resh Lakish give?
(b) How does the person who is called for the K'lalos avoid reciting a
Berachah over them?
(c) One is permitted to stop during the K'lalos of Ki Savo (even though the
Minhag is not to do so).
Why is that?
(d) What happened once with Levi bar Buti (the Ba'al Korei) when he was
Leining the K'lalos in Ki Savo in front of Rav Huna? What did Rav Huna say
(a) Ezra instituted a dual Takanah regarding the K'lalos: He instituted that
one should finish the K'lalos in Bechukosai before Shavuos in order to leave
the curses behind us in the new year. What is the second half of the
(b) Since when is Shavuos called the new year?
(c) Rebbi Shimon ben Elazar made a statement for which he gave the Si'man
'Rechav'am ben Shlomoh'.
What was the statement?
(a) The author of our Mishnah, which says that what one Leins at Shabbos
Minchah, on Monday and on Thursday, is not deducted from the Shabbos
Leining, is Rebbi Yehudah.
Answers to questions
What does Rebbi Meir say?
(b) Rebbi Zeira rules that whatever one Leins at Shabbos Minchah, on Monday
and on Thursday is repeated the following Shabbos.
Why did he not simply
rule like Rebbi Yehudah?