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1) [line 1] HA'SHIDAH (KELEI ETZ: TUM'AH)
1. The object must have a receptacle, i.e. an area in which it can contain other objects, as opposed to a flat board.(c) A Shidah is defined as: 1. a woman's carriage that is closed on all sides (RASHI to Eruvin 30b); 2. a large chest that is used as a bench in a woman's carriage (RASHI to Eruvin 14b); 3. a cabinet (RAMBAM Peirush ha'Mishnayos Kelim 15:1). Beis Shamai (Kelim 18:1; the entire Mishnah is quoted in our Gemara) rules that in order to determine whether a Shidah is forty Se'ah or not, the interior volume is measured. Beis Hillel rules that the exterior volume is measured. Other Tana'im argue as to whether the volume of the legs and the space between the legs is measured as well.
2a) [line 1] NIMDEDES MI'BIFNIM - the interior volume is measured
5) [line 9] SHEMEN TECHILAH L'OLAM (TUM'AS OCHLIN U'MASHKIN)
(c) Liquids are an exception to this rule. The Chachamim decreed that liquids should always be a Rishon, even if touched by a Sheni. Our Gemara brings three opinions of Tana'im who may or may not include all of the seven Halachic liquids in this decree. The seven Halachic liquids are listed below, (f).
(d) A Sheni l'Tum'ah cannot make Chulin Tamei mid'Oraisa. Even mid'Rabanan, there is no such thing as Shelishi L'Tum'ah with regard to Chulin. Terumah, however, can become a Shelishi L'Tum'ah. (Also, if someone guarded his Chulin from Tum'ah as one normally guards Terumah, it is called "Chulin she'Na'asu Al Taharas Terumah," and can become a Shelishi.)
(e) Terumah that is a Shelishi l'Tum'ah cannot make other Terumah Tamei. However, it may not be eaten. It is referred to as "Pasul" (invalid) rather than "Tamei." Kodesh (objects associated with the sacrifices) that is touched by a Shelishi l'Tum'ah can become a Revi'i. A Revi'i of Kodesh is also called "Pasul."
(f) All *foods* become Tamei if they touch a source of Tum'ah, but only after they first become wet. From then on, even after they dry, they can still become Tamei. Seven liquids can enable foods to become Tamei: water, dew, oil, wine, milk, blood, and bee's honey. The minimum amount of food that can become Tamei is a k'Beitzah.
(g) In order for something edible to receive Tum'as Ochlin, it has to be considered food. A person's intention to eat the item and treat it as a food gives it the status of a food and it can receive Tum'as Ochlin. Once food becomes Tamei, it cannot become Tahor by immersing it in a Mikvah.
6) [line 9] DEVASH - bee's honey
8) [line 14] V'ASER ALAV - and tithe the untithed part of your mixture using the produce that you buy from the marketplace
9) [line 15] B'RUBA BATEL (BITUL B'ROV)
10) [line 16] HAVAH LEI K'TOREM MIN HA'PATUR AL HA'PATUR - and it is like he is tithing exempt produce for the sake of exempt produce
11) [line 17] KACH MIN HA'OVED KOCHAVIM - buy produce from a Nochri (which is exempt from tithing mid'Oraisa but is obligated mid'Rabanan according to the opinion that when a Nochri buys land in Eretz Yisrael, the obligation to separate Terumos and Ma'asros is removed mid'Oraisa -- RASHI)
12) [line 18] L'HAFKI'A MI'YAD MA'ASER - to remove the obligation to separate Terumos and Ma'asros
13) [last line] KASHI VAH REBBI CHANINA MI'SURA - Rebbi Chanina mi'Sura had a difficulty with this (the ruling of Rav Papa that the Halachah follows the narrative of Rebbi Shimon Shezuri)
14) [line 1] MI KA'AMAR B'MISHNASEINU? - Did he (Ravin bar Chinena Amar Ula Amar Rebbi Chanina) say [that the Halachah follows the opinion of Rebbi Shimon Shezuri *only*] in our Mishnah?
15) [line 3] KERA HA'BA BI'SHNEI SHITIN YISPOR - a rip that goes through two lines of writing
16) [line 6] B'ATIKTA - old [parchment]
18) [line 10] GIDIN - string made of sinews
21) [line 15] KOL SHE'KEN, SHE'ASA'AH K'SHIRAH - [this is] all the more so [valid], since he wrote it like the poetry sections of the Torah
22) [line 16] ASA'AH KA'SHIRAH - he wrote the normal sections of a Sefer Torah like the poetry sections of the Torah
23) [line 16] SHIRAH KEMOSAH - he wrote the poetry sections like it (like the normal sections)
24) [line 21] K'KUBAH - like a tent, i.e. subsequent lines of one word, two words, and three words
25) [line 22] K'ZANAV - like a tail, subsequent lines of three words, two words and one word
26) [line 22] "AL HA'ARETZ" - "on the earth" (Devarim 11:21) the last two words of a Mezuzah
27) [line 23] B'SHITAH ACHORANAH - [alone] on the last line
29) [line 24] "[KI] CHI'GEVO'AH SHAMAYIM AL HA'ARETZ..." - "[For] as the sky is high above the earth, [so great is His loving kindness towards those who fear Him.]" (Tehilim 103:11)
30) [line 25] KI HEICHI D'MERACHAKA SHAMAYIM ME'ERETZ - just as the sky is far away from the earth
31) [line 27] D'CHARICH LAH ME'ACHAD KELAPEI SHEMA - who was rolling (lit. folding) it up from the side of the Mezuzah that contained the word "Echad" (the left side) in the direction of the side of the Mezuzah that contained the word "Shema" (the right side)
32) [line 28] SETUMOS - "closed" sections of the Torah (see Insights to Menachos 32:1)
33) [last line] DUCHSUSTUS - the inner half of the hide after it has been split in two
34) [last line] K'MIN DAF - like a column (long, as opposed to the Parshiyos of Tefilin, which are written on a parchment that is much, much wider that it is long