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Menachos 32

MENACHOS 32 - dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, and his wife. May they be blessed with long years of health and happiness, and may they see all of their children and grandchildren follow them in Torah and Yir'as Shamayim!

1) [line 2] PESUCHOS - "open" sections of the Torah (see Insights to Menachos 32:1)
2) [line 3] SEMUCHOS - next to each other
3) [line 7] KI'MELO ATBA (D'SIFREI) [D'SAFREI] - like the width of a scribes' peg (that is used to hold down the parchments upon which they are writing) (O.F. gloon - a piece of wood curved at one end)

4) [line 8] V'AT LO TISBERA?! - Were you not, on your own, of the opinion...?

5) [line 9] IS LEI MINHAGA - takes into account the common practice when deciding Halachic matters

6) [line 9] NAHUG ALMA BI'SETUMOS - the entire Jewish people has the custom to use Mezuzos that have been written with Parshiyos Setumos

7) [line 11] CHOLTZIN B'MIN'AL - we may perform Chalitzah with a shoe (YIBUM / CHALITZAH)
(a) If a married man dies childless and has brothers who survive him, his widow (or widows) may not remarry until one of the deceased husband's brothers performs Yibum (levirate marriage) or Chalitzah (levirate release) with the widow (or one of the widows), as it states in Devarim 25:5-10. Chazal learn from the verses that there is a preference for the oldest brother to perform Yibum or Chalitzah (Yevamos 24a). If the conditions for the Mitzvah of Yibum do not exist, marital relations between a man and his brother's wife are prohibited and make them liable to the punishment of Kares.
(b) Yibum is a type of marriage. Unlike ordinary Kidushin, though, it can be accomplished only through Bi'ah and not through Kesef or Shtar (see Background to Kidushin 2:1:II:b). Nevertheless, the Rabanan instituted that one should precede Yibum with an act similar to Kidushei Kesef or Shtar, which is known as Ma'amar (see Background to Kidushin 43:19). The Bi'ah must be performed with the intention of fulfilling the Mitzvah.
(c) If the brother chooses not to marry her, he must perform Chalitzah (a procedure in Beis Din that absolves her of the Mitzvah of Yibum - ibid.). He appears before a Beis Din of three (but see Insights to Yevamos 101:2) and states, "I do not want to marry her," after which his sister-in-law approaches him before the elders, takes off his right sandal and spits in front of him. She then declares, "This is what shall be done to the man who will not build up a family for his brother," and she is then free to marry whomever she wants.

8) [line 22] SHE'BALAH - that became worn out (but sections of them are still intact)

9) [line 24] HA MORIDIN, OSIN? - If it was permitted to [be "Moridin mi'Kedushah Chamurah li'Kedushah Kalah" - "We may] downgrade [an object from a higher level of sanctity to a lower level of sanctity,"] would we make [Mezuzos from worn Sifrei Torah and Tefilin]?

10) [line 25] L'HASHLIM - to complete a Mezuzah using a line from a Sefer Torah or Tefilin

11a) [line 26] KELAF - the outer half of the hide after it has been split in two
b) [line 26] DUCHSUSTUS - the inner half of the hide after it has been split in two

12a) [line 26] BI'MEKOM BASAR - on the side facing the meat of the animal
b) [line 27] BI'MEKOM SE'AR - on the side facing the hair of the animal


13) [line 6] SHIRTUT/SIRTUT - ruling, marking lines; etching or marking lines into the parchment as a guide for writing straight (a requirement when writing a Mezuzah or more than three words of the Torah)

14) [line 12] NICHTEVOS SHE'LO MIN HA'KESAV - do not need to be copied from another source, i.e. they may be written from memory

15) [line 15] MIGRAS GERISIN - everyone is well-versed in them (and will not make mistakes when writing them from memory)s

16) [line 15] ANA CHAZISEI L'RAV HUNA - I observed Rav Huna performing the following actions

17) [line 16] (D'HAVAH YASIV A'PURYA D'SEFER TORAH ALEI) - (these words are extraneous -- SHITAH MEKUBETZES #3, DIKDUKEI SOFRIM #10)

18) [line 17] V'CHAF L'CHADA A'AR'A - and he upturned a jug (with a wide base) on the ground

19) [line 17] V'ANACH ALEI SEFER TORAH - and he set down a Sefer Torah on it
20) [line 22] V'IM LACHSHECHA ADAM LOMAR - and if a person whispers to you, saying

21) [line 24] V'NISHMAT - and he slipped down
22) [line 25] K'MI SHE'HIKISHO NACHASH - like one who was bitten by a snake
23) [line 25] SEFER TORAH AL GABEI KARKA HAVAH - [the Gemara answers that the narrative was related mistakenly. In actuality, Rebbi Elazar slipped down to the floor in anguish because he noticed that] a Sefer Torah was lying on the ground

24) [line 26] KASVAH IGERES - he wrote it (a Mezuzah) like a letter, in that it had no Shirtut / Sirtut (RASHI)

25) [line 27] ASYA KESIVAH KESIVAH MI'SEFER - it is learned through a Gezeirah Shavah (see Background to Zevachim 103:30) between the word "u'Chesavtam" in the verse "u'Chesavtam Al Mezuzos Beisecha uvi'She'arecha" (Devarim 6:9) and the word "v'Chasav" in the verse "v'Chasav Lah Sefer Kerisus" (Devarim 24:1) (or the word "Kesov" in the verse "Kesov Zos Zikaron ba'Sefer" (Shemos 17:14)), that just like a Sefer needs precision, so, too, does a Mezuzah need precision, e.g. Shirtut / Sirtut

26) [line 28] TELA'AH B'MAKEL - he hung it (the Mezuzah) on a stick that was protruding from the doorpost

27) [line 29] ACHAR HA'DELES - he affixed to the wall behind the door (RASHI)

28) [line 29] SAKANAH - there is a danger [of being adversely affected by Mazikin, since the house is not protected unless the Mezuzah is affixed properly in the doorway] (RASHI)

29) [line 30] SHEL BEIS MUNBAZ - [the House] of King Munbaz, the name of a king of Adiabene, who converted to Judaism

30) [line 30] PUNDEKOSEIHEN - their cabins, small temporary houses for wayfarers

31) [line 30] ZECHER LI'MEZUZAH - as a remembrance of the Mitzvah of Mezuzah, since the cabins were not permanent dwellings, and as such were exempt from the Mitzvah of Mezuzah

32) [line 31] B'SOCH CHALALO SHEL PESACH - (lit. in the space of the entrance) in the doorway

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