POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 27
MENACHOS 26-27 - these Dafim have been dedicated anonymously l'Iluy Nishmas
Tzirel Nechamah bas Tuvya Yehudah by her family.
1) THINGS THAT ARE INDISPENSABLE TO EACH OTHER
(a) (Mishnah): A minority of a Kometz is Me'akev the majority
(i.e. if any is missing, it is Pasul);
2) THE SOURCES FOR "IKUV"
(b) The same applies to an Isaron (of Soles), wine and oil.
(c) Soles and oil are Me'akev each other; Kometz and Levonah
are Me'akev each other.
(d) (Gemara) Question: What is the source (that a minority of
a each of these is Me'akev?)
(e) Answer: Regarding the Kometz, we learn from "Melo Kumtzo"
- this is written twice;
1. We learn Soles from "Mi'Solt*ah*" - if it is missing
any, it is Pasul;
(f) (Mishnah): The following are Me'akev each other:
2. Regarding wine it says "Kachah" (this always teaches
3. Regarding oil of Minchas Nesachim, it says "Kachah";
4. Regarding oil of Minchas Nedavah it says
5. We learn that Soles and oil are Me'akev each other
from "Mi'Soltah Umi'Shamnah", and it also says
"Mi'Girshah Umi'Shamnah" (and Geresh is Soles);
6. Kometz and Levonah are Me'akev each other, for it
says "Al Kol Levonasah", and it is repeated "V'Es
Kol ha'Levonah Asher Al ha'Minchah".
1. The two goats of Yom Kipur, the two Kivsei Atzeres,
the two loaves of Shtei ha'Lechem, the two Sedarim
(piles of six loaves of Lechem ha'Panim), the two
Bazichim (spoons of Levonah on Lechem ha'Panim), the
two kinds of bread brought by a Nazir, the four that
accompany a Todah, the three species burned with
Parah Adumah, the four species used for Taharas
Metzora (when he brings birds), the four species
(altogether) taken with the Lulav, the seven Haza'os
of (blood of) Parah Adumah, the seven Matanos Bein
ha'Badim (between the staves of the Aron, on Yom
Kipur), the seven towards the Paroches (of inner
Chata'os) and the seven on the inner Mizbe'ach (on
Yom Kipur). (Rashash - another Mishnah teaches that
all *eight* Bein ha'Badim and towards the Paroches
are Me'akev - our Tana merely appends the Matanos to
our Mishnah, and teaches about the seven (downward)
sprinklings to parallel the other sevens.)
(g) The Sedarim and Bazichim are Me'akev each other.
(a) (Gemara): Regarding the following (it is Me'akev because)
it says "Chukah" - the two goats, the two Sedarim, the
Bazichim, the Sedarim and Bazichim (are Me'akev each
other), the three species burned with Parah Adumah;
(b) Regarding the two Kivsei Atzeres and the two loaves of
Shtei ha'Lechem it says 'Havayah';
(c) Regarding the two breads of a Nazir it says "Ken
(d) Todah is Hukash to Nazir - it was taught, "Al Zevach
Todas *Shelamav*" includes Shalmei Nazir (its breads are
made from the same amounts of Soles and oil as Lachmei
(e) The four species of Taharas Metzora - "Zos Tihyeh Toras
(f) The four species with the Lulav - "Ul'Kach*tem*", the
Kichah (taking) must be Tamah (complete);
1. (Rav Chanan bar Rava): This is only if all four
species are not in front of him - if they are in
front of, him, he need not tie them together (Rashi,
R. Tam; Baha''g - he need not take them at the same
(g) It says 'Chukah' regarding the Haza'os of Parah Adumah,
and also regarding the Matanos on Yom Kipur Bein
ha'Badim, towards the Paroches and on the inner
2. Question (Beraisa): Two of the four species (Esrog
and Lulav) come from trees that bear fruit, two do
not; each pair requires the other, to fulfill the
Mitzvah they must be bound together (except for the
i. Similarly, Hash-m does not accept the prayers
of Yisrael until they are united - "Ha'Boneh
va'Shamayim Ma'alosav va'Agudaso Al Eretz
3. Answer: Tana'im argue about this:
i. (Beraisa): One fulfills the Mitzvah of the four
species even if they are not tied together;
4. Question: Who is the Tana of the following?
ii. R. Yehudah says, if they are tied together they
are Kesherim, if not they are Pesulim.
iii. Question: What is R. Yehudah's reason?
iv. Answer: He learns from a Gezerah Shavah
"Kichah-Kichah" from the bundle of Ezov (used
to put the blood of Pesach Mitzrayim on the
doorposts), which must be tied together.
v. Chachamim do not learn the Gezerah Shavah for
i. (Beraisa): It is a Mitzvah to tie the Lulav
(with the Hadasim and Aravos); if it is not
tied, it is Kosher.
5. Answer: It is like Chachamim, it is a Mitzvah to tie
it to beautify the Mitzvah - "Zeh Keli v'Anvehu".
ii. This is not like R. Yehudah - he is Posel
iii. This is not like Chachamim - they hold that
there is no Mitzvah!
(h) The following teaches about those of Par Kohen Mashu'ach,
Par He'elam Davar and Se'ir Avodah Zarah:
1. (Beraisa): "V'Asa (he will offer Par He'elam Davar)
ka'Asher Asa (like Par Kohen Mashu'ach)" - this is a
second command to perform all the Matanos,
therefore, all are Me'akev, if one was omitted the
Par did not atone at all.
3) INNER "HAZA'OS" AND "HAZA'OS PARAH ADUMAH"
2. ("Ka'Asher Asa *la'Par*" includes Par Mashu'ach,
"Ha'Chatas" includes Se'ir Avodah Zarah.)
(a) (Beraisa #1): If the seven Haza'os of Parah Adumah were
Lo Lishmah or not facing the Ohel Mo'ed, they are
1. If Haza'os inside (the Heichal) or of a Metzora were
Lo Lishmah, they are Pesulos; if they were (Lishmah
but) not facing the Ohel Mo'ed, they are Kesheros.
(b) Contradiction (Beraisa #2): If the Haza'os of Parah
Adumah were Lo Lishmah, they are Pesulos; if they were
not facing the Ohel Mo'ed, they are Kesheros.
(c) Answer #1 (Rav Chisda): Beraisa #1 is like R. Yehudah,
Beraisa #2 is Chachamim. (This will be explained below.)
1. (Beraisa): If a Mechushar Kipurim entered the Azarah
b'Shogeg, he is Chayav Chatas; if he was Mezid, he
is Chayav Kares, all the more so a Tevul Yom or one
who is (fully) Tamei;
(d) Objection (Rav Yosef): If R. Yehudah says that 'El'
limits, he should also say that "Al (ha'Kapores)" limits,
the Haza'os are only when there is an (Aron with a)
Kapores, but not in Bayis Sheni (for Yoshiyah hid it
towards the end of Bayis Rishon, but we know that R.
Yehudah does not say this!)
2. If a Tahor entered past where he is allowed (Rashi -
past the 11 Amos of Ezras Yisrael, or; Shitah
Mekubetzes - i.e. if he entered) anywhere in the
Heichal, he receives 40 lashes; if he entered
mi'Beis la'Paroches (the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim), he is
Chayav Misah bi'Dei Shamayim;
3. R. Yehudah says, if he entered anywhere in the
Heichal or mi'Beis la'Paroches, he receives 40
lashes; if he came El Penei ha'Kapores (in front of
the Aron), he is Chayav Misah (bi'Dei Shamayim).
4. Question: What do they argue about?
5. Answer: They argue about "Aharon...v'Al Yavo b'Chol
Es El ha'Kodesh mi'Beis la'Paroches El Penei
i. Chachamim explain, going (unnecessarily) El
ha'Kodesh is punishable by V'Al Yavo (a Lav,
lashes), going Mi'Beis la'Paroches or El Penei
ha'Kapores is punishable by V'Lo Yamus;
6. Question: Why don't Chachamim expound like R.
ii. R. Yehudah explains, going El ha'Kodesh or
mi'Beis la'Paroches is punishable by V'Al Yavo,
going El Penei ha'Kapores is punishable by V'Lo
7. Answer: If so, the Torah could have omitted mi'Beis
la'Paroches (Rashi - one who goes mi'Beis
la'Paroches passes through the Heichal, he is lashed
for entering the Heichal; Shitah Mekubetzes  -
mi'Beis la'Paroches is more Kodesh than the Heichal,
all the more a Lav forbids it);
i. Surely, "Mi'Beis la'Paroches" teaches that one
is Chayav Misah for going there.
8. R. Yehudah disagrees - had it said only El ha'Kodesh
and El Penei ha'Kapores, one might have thought that
'Kodesh' refers to mi'Beis la'Paroches, but one who
enters the Heichal is exempt.
9. Chachamim argue, for we know that the entire Heichal
is called Kodesh - "V'Hivdilah ha'Paroches Lachem
Bein ha'Kodesh u'Vein Kodesh ha'Kodoshim".
10. Question: Why doesn't R. Yehudah expound like
11. Answer: If so, the Torah could have omitted El Penei
ha'Kapores (Rashi - to get to El Penei ha'Kapores,
one first comes mi'Beis la'Paroches (and is already
Chayav Misah); Shitah - El Penei ha'Kapores is more
Kodesh than mi'Beis la'Paroches, all the more one is
Chayav Misah for this.)
i. Surely, "El Penei ha'Kapores" teaches that one
is Chayav Misah for going *there*, but not for
(just) mi'Beis la'Paroches.
12. Chachamim say, El Penei ha'Kapores is needed only to
exempt for entering abnormally, e.g. through a
tunnel or not facing the Kodesh ha'Kodoshim.
13. (Beraisa - d'vei R. Eliezer ben Yakov): "El Penei
ha'Kapores Kedmah" - this is a Binyan Av
(precedent), it teaches that 'Penei' always refers
to the east.
14. R. Yehudah says, we could have learned this from
'Penei', 'El' (is extra, it) limits the Chiyuv Misah
to El Penei ha'Kapores.
15. Chachamim do not expound "El" to limit.
16. Culmination of answer: Just like R. Yehudah says
here that 'El' limits, he also says so regarding
Haza'os of Parah Adumah ("V'Hizah El Nochach"); just
like Chachamim say that 'El' does not limit, they
say the same regarding Haza'os Parah Adumah.
(e) Answer (Rabah bar Ula): There is different - it says
"V'Chiper Es Mikdash ha'Kodesh", he sprinkles on the
Kodesh place (even if the Aron is not there.)