POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
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Previous daf Menachos 33
1) A "MEZUZAH" IN TWO COLUMNS
(a) (Rav Yehudah): If a Mezuzah was written on two parchments
(Tosfos; Rashi - in two columns), it is Pasul.
2) WHERE TO PUT THE "MEZUZAH"
(b) Question (Beraisa): If a Mezuzah was written in two Dapim
and one was put on each doorpost, it is Pasul.
1. Inference: If both were put on the same doorpost, it
would be Kosher!
(c) Answer: It means, if it was possible to (Rashi - cut
between the columns and) put one Parshah on each doorpost
it is Pasul.
(a) (Rav Yehudah): The Tzir determines where to put the
(b) Question: What is the Tzir?
(c) Answer (Rav Ada): It is the holder of the door hinge.
(d) Question: When does this apply?
(e) Answer: It applies to a house divided into two, one side
each for men and women, in order that the women will not
encounter men (each has its own opening to Reshus
ha'Rabim); there is a door between them. Whichever side
the hinge is on is considered the primary house, the
Mezuzah is put on the right side before entering it.
(f) The Reish Galusa built a house, he asked Rav Nachman (his
son-in-law) to affix the Mezuzah.
(g) Version #1 -Tosfos - Rav Nachman: First attach the door
(so I will know where to put the Mezuzah - the house was
divided like above).
(h) Version #2 -Rashi - Rav Nachman: First attach the
doorposts to the sides of the opening. (If a Mezuzah is
attached to the doorpost and then the doorpost is
attached to the opening, the Mezuzah is fixed in the
opening 'by itself', the Mitzvah is not fulfilled.)
(i) (Rav Yehudah): If a Mezuzah was attached like a bolt, it
(j) Question: R. Yitzchak bar Yosef related that all the
Mezuzos in Rebbi's house were like bolts, and that there
was no Mezuzah on Rebbi's opening (Tosfos - from his
house) to the Beis Medrash.
(k) Answer: If the Mezuzah rests like a horizontal bolt, it
is Pasul (Rashi; R. Tam - Kosher);
1. If it is vertical (Rashi - alternatively, bent like
a knee; Rosh - inclined), it is Kosher (Rashi; R.
Tam - Pasul).
(l) Question: (R. Yitzchak said that that there was no
Mezuzah on Rebbi's opening to the Beis Medrash) - but
there was a Mezuzah on Rav Huna's opening to the Beis
(m) Answer: That is because he (Rashi - many people) normally
went through that opening.
1. (Rav Yehudah): Normal usage determines the law
regarding Mezuzah (i.e. we put it on the opening
normally used to enter or leave a room).
(n) (R. Zeira citing Shmuel): One should put the Mezuzah at
the beginning of the top third of the doorway.
(o) (Rav Huna): It must be at least one Tefach above the
floor and at least one Tefach below the ceiling, anywhere
in this range is Kosher.
(p) Question (against R. Zeira - Beraisa - R. Yehudah): It
must be at least one Tefach above the floor and at least
one Tefach below the ceiling, anywhere in this range is
1. R. Yosi says, "U'Kshartam (Tefilin)...U'Chsavtam (a
Mezuzah)" - just as Tefilin are worn on the highest
part (Rashi - of the head), Mezuzah is affixed on
the upper part of the doorpost.
(q) Answer (Rav Huna brei d'Rav Noson): Really, he holds like
R. Yosi - when Shmuel said 'at the beginning of the top
third', he means, one should not distance it from the top
more than a third of the height of the doorway.
2. Rav Huna holds like R. Yehudah, but Shmuel is not
like either Tana!
3) WHERE TO PUT THE "MEZUZAH" (cont.)
(a) (Rava): The Mezuzah should be affixed in the Tefach
closest to Reshus ha'Rabim.
4) WHICH OPENINGS REQUIRE A "MEZUZAH?"
(b) Question: What is the reason?
(c) Answer #1 (Rabanan): This is in order that one will
encounter the Mitzvah as soon as possible when entering
(d) Answer #2 (R. Chanina of Sura): In this way, the entire
house (inside from the Mezuzah) is protected.
1. (R. Chanina): Hash-m's ways are unlike mortal's ways
- a mortal king sits inside, his servants guard him
from the outside;
(e) (Rav Yosef brei d'Rava): If the Mezuzah was put a Tefach
into the wall, it is Pasul.
2. Hash-m's servants (Yisrael) are inside (their
houses, they affix a Mezuzah), and He guards them
from the outside - "Hash-m Shomrecha Hash-m Tzilcha
Al Yad Yeminecha".
(f) Support (Beraisa): If it was put in a doorpost, or if one
covered it over with a doorframe:
1. If it is more than a Tefach from the opening,
another Mezuzah must be affixed; if not, not.
(g) Rejection: No, the Beraisa discusses Achorei ha'Deles (a
minor opening to the side of the main opening;
alternatively - on the other side of the corner); if the
wall separating the Mezuzah from the other opening is
less than a Tefach, the Mezuzah exempts the other opening
(h) Question: The end of the Beraisa explicitly teaches
Achorei ha'Deles (so the beginning must teach someone
(i) Answer: The end of the Beraisa explains the beginning.
(j) (Beraisa): If a doorframe was made of reeds, he cuts a
tube-shaped opening and inserts the Mezuzah in it.
(k) (Rav Acha brei d'Rava): He must do it in this order - if
he cuts the hole, inserted the Mezuzah and then attached
the frame to the door, it is Pasul - one must affix the
Mezuzah to the doorpost, not attach a doorpost with a
Mezuzah to the opening.
(a) (Rava): A desolate opening (this will be explained) is
exempt from Mezuzah.
(b) Question: What is a desolate opening?
(c) Answer #1 (Rav Richumi or Aba Yosi): The opening does not
have a (Tosfos - smooth) ceiling; (alternatively - the
room has no ceiling);
(d) Answer #2 (The other of Rav Richumi and Aba Yosi): The
opening does not have (Tosfos - smooth) doorposts;
(alternatively - it has no lintel);
(e) (Rabah bar Shila): An Achsadra (a three-walled room, one
side is open) is exempt from Mezuzah because it has no
(f) Question: This implies that if it has (beams like)
doorposts, it requires a Mezuzah - but they are not
really doorposts, they are merely supports for the
(g) Answer: He means, an Achsadra is exempt even if it has
doorposts, for they are merely supports for the ceiling.
(h) (Abaye): I saw Rabah's Achsadra, it had doorposts, but no
1. He holds that they are merely supports for the
(i) Question (Beraisa): A Beis Sha'ar (watch-house at the
entrance to a Chatzer), Achsadra or porch must have a
(j) Answer #1: That refers to an Achsadra of Bei Rav (it has
four walls, but they do not reach to the ceiling).
(k) Objection: Achsadra of Bei Rav is a proper room (there is
no need to teach it)!
(l) Answer #2: Rather, it refers to a Roman Achsadra (hut,
the walls are full of openings). (These are Rashi's
definitions of Achsadra of Bei Rav and a Roman Achsadra -
Bach switches these to conform to Rashi's Pirush on Bava
(m) (Rachba): Bei Harziki requires two Mezuzos.
(n) Question: What is Bei Harziki?
(o) Answer (Rav Papa Sava): It is a Beis Sha'ar open to a
Chatzer, and houses are open to it.
(p) (Beraisa - R. Yosi): If a Beis Sha'ar is open to a garden
and Kitonis (a small room), it is like the Kitonis (this
will be explained);
(q) Chachamim say, it is like a Beis Sha'ar.
1. (Rav and Shmuel): All agree that the opening of the
Beis Sha'ar to the Kitonis requires a Mezuzah
(Rashi's preferred explanation - if the hinges are
on the side of the Kitonis).
(r) Abaye and Rava conducted according to Rabah and Rav
Yosef, Rav Ashi conducted according to Rav and Shmuel.
2. Question: What is the reason?
3. Answer: This is an entrance of the Kitonis!
4. The Tana'im argue about the opening of the Beis
Sha'ar to the garden:
i. R. Yosi holds that this Beis Sha'ar is made
primarily for the sake of (entering and
leaving) the Kitonis, therefore all its
openings are liable (even if the hinges are on
the side of the garden), like a regular Beis
5. (Rabah and Rav Yosef): All agree that the opening of
the Beis Sha'ar to the garden is exempt.
ii. Chachamim hold that this Beis Sha'ar is made
primarily for the sake of the garden,
therefore, the openings between it and the
garden are unimportant (and exempt.)
6. Question: What is the reason?
7. Answer: This is an entrance of the garden.
8. The Tana'im argue about the opening of the Beis
Sha'ar to the Kitonis:
i. R. Yosi holds that this is like an entrance of
the Kitonis, therefore it is liable;
ii. Chachamim hold that the Beis Sha'ar is made
primarily for the garden, therefore it is
1. The Halachah follows Rav and Shmuel, (Rashi - and)
we are stringent (Rashi - we follow R. Yosi's