POINT BY POINT SUMMARY
Prepared by Rabbi P. Feldman
of Kollel Iyun Hadaf, Yerushalayim
Rosh Kollel: Rabbi Mordecai Kornfeld
Ask A Question on the daf
Previous daf Menachos 35
MENACHOS 35 - anonymously dedicated by an Ohev Torah and Marbitz Torah in
Baltimore, Maryland, formerly of Ramat Beit Shemesh, Israel.
1) THE ORDER OF THE "PARSHIYOS"
(a) (Rav Chananel): If the Parshiyos were put in a different
order, they are Pesulim.
2) "HALACHOS L'MOSHE MI'SINAI" REGARDING "TEFILIN"
(b) (Abaye): This is only if a Parshah which should be on the
outside (extreme left or right) is on the inside, but if
the outside Parshiyos were switched (with each other), or
the inside ones were switched, it is Kosher.
(c) Objection (Rava): Presumably, you Posel when an outside
Parshah was switched with an inside one, because a
Parshah that should be 'exposed' is not (and vice-versa);
1. Likewise, when the outside Parshiyos are switched
with each other, the Parshah that should be
'exposed' to the right is not (and vice-versa);
2. Rather, in either case it is Pasul. (Ma'adanei Yom
Tov (under the Rosh) - when the inside Parshiyos are
switched it is Pasul, for the Parshah that should be
next to the Parshah exposed to the right is not next
(a) (Rav Chananel): The Titura (the base of the Tefilin, it
covers the opening of the Batim) is a tradition from
Moshe from Sinai.
3) "HALACHOS" OF THE "BATIM"
(b) (Abaye): The Ma'avarta (an extension of the Titura, the
strap passes through it) is a tradition from Sinai.
(c) (Abaye): The 'Shin' (on the outside of the head Tefilin)
is a tradition from Sinai;
1. The crack between the Batim must reach to the
stitches (of the Titura.)
(d) (Rav Dimi of Neharda'a): As long as the crack is visible
at the top, it need not reach to the stitches.
(e) (Abaye): One must check the Klaf, lest it has a hole, (if
this is in a letter) this is not 'Kesivah Tamah
(f) (Rav Dimi of Neharda'a): It need not be checked - the
scribe would have felt it when writing over it.
(g) (R. Yitzchak): A tradition from Sinai requires the straps
to be black.
(h) Question (Beraisa): Tefilin must be tied with their own
material (i.e. hide), whether the straps are green, black
1. Red straps may not be used, on account of disgrace
and another reason (people will suspect that his
wife sat on them when she was Nidah.)
(i) Answer: R. Yitzchak requires the (side of the straps that
face) outside to be black, the Beraisa permits the inside
to be green, black or white.
2. R. Yehudah says, a Talmid of R. Akiva used (woolen)
Techeiles threads (in place of straps), R. Akiva did
not say anything;
i. Surely, a Tzadik who saw his Talmid transgress
3. Rabanan: R. Akiva did not see the threads - had he
seen them, he would have protested!
4. R. Yehudah: Hurkanos (the son of R. Eliezer) used
Argamon threads, R. Eliezer did not say anything;
i. Surely, a Tzadik who saw his son transgress
5. Rabanan: R. Eliezer did not see the threads - had he
seen them, he would have protested!
6. Summation of question: It says that the straps are
green, black or white.
(j) Question (Beraisa): ...On account of disgrace and another
1. Other people do not see the inside, there is no
disgrace or suspicion!
(k) Answer: Sometimes the straps flip over, the inside faces
(l) (Beraisa): A tradition from Sinai requires Tefilin to be
(m) (Rav Papa): The stitching must be square, and also the
diagonals (i.e. not only must the sides be equal, they
must also be perpendicular to each other. Tosfos is
inclined to say that we are concerned only for the base.)
(n) Support (Mishnah): If one makes his Tefilin round, it is
dangerous to wear them, (Rashi - if he bangs his head, it
might enter his head; Tosfos (Megilah 24B) - at a time of
Nochri decrees against Tefilin, he will not be protected,
for) he does not fulfill the Mitzvah.
(o) Rejection (Rav Papa): Perhaps that refers to oval
Tefilin, but circular Tefilin are Kosher.
(a) (Rav Huna): Tefilin are Kosher as long as the leather of
the Batim is intact (without a hole.)
(b) (Rav Chisda): If two of the Batim are torn, the Tefilin
are Kosher; if three are torn, they are Pasul.
(c) (Rava): We are Machshir when two Batim are torn only if
the two Batim (alternatively - tears) are not adjacent to
1. Version #1 (Rashi): Even when they are adjacent,
they are Pasul only if the Tefilin are new (for this
shows that the leather is defective.)
(d) Question (Abaye): What is considered old, what is new?
2. Version #2 (Rif): Even when they are adjacent, they
are Pasul only if the Tefilin are old (Nimukei Yosef
- lest they will tear more.)
(e) Answer #1 (Rav Yosef): If when one pulls the leather taut
and lets go it shrivels up again, it is old; if not, it
(f) Answer #2: If when one pulls the strap (it does not snap,
rather,) the Tefilin is drawn after it (alternatively -
it straightens out), it is new; if not, it is old.
4) "HALACHOS" OF THE STRAPS
(a) A strap of Abaye's Tefilin snapped; he asked Rav Yosef if
he may tie the parts together.
5) PUTTING ON "TEFILIN"
(b) (Rav Yosef): "U'Kshar*tam*" - the tying (on the arm) must
be Tam (pure, without any other knots; alternatively, the
strap must be flawless.)
(c) Question (Rav Acha brei d'Rav Yosef): May one tie it so
that the stitching is inside (it appears unbroken?)
(d) (Rav Ashi): See what people do (they do not do so, you
should not either.)
(e) (Rav Papa): Remnants of straps are Kosher.
(f) This is wrong, for Benei R. Chiya taught that remnants of
Techeiles and Ezov (for sprinkling Mei Chatas) are
1. Inference: Remnants are Kosher only for things used
for Mitzvos, but not for straps, which are used for
Kedushah (Tefilin contain Kisvei ha'Kodesh, which
are more stringent).
(g) Question: If remnants are Pasul, this implies that there
is a minimum Shi'ur - what is the Shi'ur?
(h) Version #1 - Answer (Rami bar Chama): The Shi'ur (of how
much the strap of the Shel Rosh must extend past the
knot) is (from another finger) until the Etzba Tzredah
(Rashi - the index finger; Tosfos - the middle finger).
(i) (Rav Kahana): He refers to a small span, we measure to
the middle finger (Rashi; Tosfos - to the index finger);
(j) (Rav Ashi): He refers to a large span, we measure to the
(k) Version #2 (brought in Tosfos) - Answer (Rami bar Chama):
The Shi'ur (of how far the strap of the Shel Yad must
extend) is until the middle finger.
(l) (Rav Kahana): This is when it is bent;
(m) (Rav Ashi): This is when it is open.
(n) Rabah would tie the Shel Rosh and hang the excess strap
over his back;
(o) Rav Acha bar Yakov (had long straps), he would braid
(p) Mar brei d'Ravina would do as we do (he hung the excess
strap over his chest).
(q) (Rav Yehudah brei d'Rav Shmuel): A tradition from Moshe
from Sinai teaches about the knot (Rashi - that the
letters 'Dalet' and 'Yud' (of Hash-m's name Shakai)
should appear in the knots on the Shel Rosh and Yad
1. (Rav Nachman): Their beauty (the letters;
alternatively, the smooth side of the straps which
must be black) must face outside.
(r) Rav Ashi's straps became flipped over.
1. Mar Zutra: Don't you agree that their beauty must
(s) (Beraisa - R. Eliezer ha'Gadol): "V'Ra'u Kol Amei
ha'Aretz Ki Shem Hash-m Nikra Alecha v'Yar'u Mimeka" -
this refers to the Shel Rosh (Rashi - a 'Shin' and
'Dalet' are seen from the outside, this is most of a name
2. Rav Ashi: I didn't realize that they were flipped
(a) (Rav Chana bar Bizna): "Vehasirosi Es Kapi v'Ra'isa Es
Achorai" - Hash-m allowed Moshe to see the knot of His
(b) (Rav Yehudah): The knot must be high, for a sign that
Yisrael will be supreme, not below; it must face (be
opposite) the face, for a sign that Yisrael will be in
front, not in back.
(c) (Rav Shmuel bar Bidri): We bless on Tefilin (Shel Yad)
after putting them on.
(d) Question: But Rav Yehudah taught that we always bless on
a Mitzvah *before* doing the Mitzvah!
(e) Answer (Abaye and Rava): He means, after putting it on
and before tying it (tying is the completion of the